Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

COMM 2O1 > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (65)
Loading flashcards...
31

Beliefs that are so central to a cultural group that they are never questioned

Cultural values

32

A value orientation that respects the autonomy and independence of individuals

Individualist orientation

33

A value orientation that stresses the needs of the group

Collectivist orientation

34

What orientation is the us

individualist orientation

35

These cultures have a nuclear family household

individualistic cultures

36

In individualistic cultures, children are ____ and parents are expected to not be a what?

Autonomous (live on their own by late adolescence)
- not to be a burden on their children when they age

37

A value orientation that expresses whether it is more important for a person to "do" or "be"

Preferred personality

38

Working to achieve material gain

"doing mode"

39

Importance of experiencing life and relationships

"Being mode"

40

A value orientation that expresses whether humans are fundamentally good, evil, or a mixture

View of human nature

41

This view includes rehabilitation and innocent until proven guilty

Humans as good

42

This view includes punishment and incarceration

Humans as evil

43

The perceived relationship between humans and nature. Some cultures believe natures rule us, we rule nature, or that we can exist in harmony

Human-nature value orientation

44

A value orientation that refers to the extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a culture expect and accept an unequal distribution of power

Power distance

45

The dimension of a society's value orientation that reflects its attitude toward virtue or truth

Long-term versus short-term orientation

46

A value orientation that stresses the importance of possessing one fundamental truth. Monotheistic

Short-term orientation

47

Belief in one god

Monotheistic

48

A value orientation in which people stress the importance of virtue.
Polytheistic

Long-term orientation

49

Belief in more than one god

Polytheistic

50

This emphasizes simultaneous contradictory truths; this approach is useful in responding to cultural contradictions

Dialectic approach

51

Instead of either/or, the dialectic approach emphasizes

Both/and

52

The dialectic approach is useful in responding to what

cultural contradictions

53

The dialetic approach challenges what kind of thinking?

Dichotomous thinking

54

Thinking in which things are perceived as either/or, for example: good or bad, right or wrong, big or small

Dichotomous thinking

55

This example of the dialectic approach emphasizes that some behaviors are determined by our culture, while others are idiosyncratic

Cultural-individual dialectic

56

This dialectic approach emphasizes that the individual and the situation are simultaneously important

Personal-contextual dialectic

57

This dialectic approach emphasizes that differences and commonalities between cultures can both be present

Differences-similarities dialectic

58

This example of the dialectic approach emphasizes that cultural patterns can undergo dynamic change

Static-dynamic dialectic

59

This dialectic approach emphasizes the need to understand the past and be aware of current events (emphasizes both the present and the past influences on culture)

History/past-present/future dialectic

60

This example of the dialectic approach emphasizes that cultural members can be simultaneously privileged in some ways while disadvantaged in others

Privilege-disadvantage dialectic