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1

Leadership

the influence that particular individuals exert on the goal achievement of others in an organizational context

​leadership ​is about motivating people & gaining their commitment

2

what does effective leadership do?

exerts influence in a way that achieves organizational goals

enhancing the productivity, innovation, satisfaction, and commitment of the workforce

3

Strategic leadership (​long-term implications)

Leadership that involves the ability to a​nticipate, envision, maintain flexibility, think strategically,​ & work with others

goal is to initiate changes that will create a viable future for the organization

4

what are some characteristics of strategic leaders

open & honest in their interactions with the organization’s stakeholders

They focus on the future

5

what is formal leadership?

individuals that occupy formal or a​ssigned leadership roles

includes manager, executive, supervisor, department head

They hold a position of authority within the organization

6

true or false

Some managers and supervisors fail to exert any influence on others?

true

7

informal leadership

​do not have a formal authority within the organization

8

what is the Trait Theory of leadership

Leadership depends on the personal qualities or traits (inherent) of the leader

t​hose who become leaders & do a good job of it, possess a special set of traits that distinguish them from the masses of followers

9

what are traits?

individual characteristics

10

which are the three aspects of traits?

p​hysical attributes

intellectual ability

personality

11

are all traites associated with leadership?

nah boy

12

which traits are associated with leadership

intelligence

energy and drive

self-confidence

dominance

motivation to lead

emotional stability

honesty and integrity

need for achievement

sociability

13

are all the Big Five dimensions of personality related to to leadership emergence and leadership success?

yeee boooy

14

which of the Big Five dimensions of personality are the most consistent predictions of leadership effectiveness?

extraversion

conscientiousness

15

The relationship between traits & leadership effectiveness is stronger for which types of measures of effectiveness?

affective and relational measures

performance-related measures

affective and relational measures of effectiveness

16

what is the best way to understand and improve leadership?

The trait approach

17

what are the limitations of the traits theory of leadership?

It is difficult to determine whether traits make the leader or whether the opportunity for leadership produces the traits

Does not tell us what leaders d​o​to influence others successfully

It does not take into account the s​ituation ​in which leadership occurs

It can lead to bias and discrimination when it comes to evaluating a leader’s effectiveness and decisions about promoting people to leadership positions

Traits are only a precondition for certain actions that a leader must take in order to be successful

Leader behaviours have a greater impact on leadership effectiveness than leader traits

18

what is the situational theories of leadership?

the effectiveness of a leadership style is contingent on the setting
which includes:

The characteristics of the employees

The nature of the task they are performing

Characteristics of the organization

19

in the situational theories of leadership, what does the situation refer to?

the s​etting​ in which influence attempts occur

20

are leaders effective in all types of situations if he is effective in one?

nah boy

21

House’s path-goal theory

the manager defines the path to various goals

22

House’s path-goal theory:

The most important activities of leaders are those that...

clarify the paths to various goals of interest to employees

23

House’s path-goal theory:

the opportunity to achieve goals of interests to employees promotes what?

job satisfaction

leader acceptance

high effort

these are all employee outcomes

24

House’s path-goal theory:

The effective leader forms a connection between what and what?

employee goals and organizational goals

25

House’s path-goal theory:

To achieve j​ob satisfaction ​and leader acceptance​, how must leader behavior be perceived?

immediately satisfying

as leading to future satisfaction

26

House’s path-goal theory:

To promote employee effort, what must leaders do regarding rewards?

leaders must make rewards dependent on performance (expectancy theory)

ensure that employees know how they can achieve these rewards

27

what are the specific kinds of leader behavior?

directive behavior

achievement-oriented behavior

supportive behavior

participative behavior

28

leader directive behavior

schedule work

maintain performance standards

let employees know what is expected of them

29

leader achievement-oriented behavior

leaders encourage employees to exert high effort and strive for a high level of goal accomplishment

30

leader supportive behavior

leaders are:

friendly

approachable

and concerned with pleasant interpersonal relationships