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Flashcards in Chapter 2: personality and learning Deck (66)
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1

what is personality?

set of psychological characteristics

Dimensions and traits

influences the way an individual Interacts with his/her environment

influences the way an individual Feels, thinks and behaves

2

where does personality come from?

determined by genetic predisposition and one’s long-term learning history

3

do people have a variety of personality characteristics?

yeeeee

4

What is the role of Personality in OB?

role of personality in what is known as the “person-situation debate”

5

person-situation debate leads to three approaches

which ones

The dispositional approach

The situational approach

The interactionist approach

6

The dispositional approach

It’s just the way your are

7

The situational approach

Your environment influences the way you are

8

The interactionist approach

Both environment and disposition determines the way you are

9

what is the Five-Factor Model of Personality?

Five basic but general dimensions that describe personality

10

what are the five dimensions of the Five-Factor Model of Personality?

Openness to experience

Conscientiousness

Extraversion

Agreeableness

Neuroticism / Emotional stability

11

what is the dimension that is important for jobs that involve learning and creativity

Openness to experience

12

what the strongest predictor of overall job performance across all occupations?

conscientiousness

13

high Openness to experience

curious and original

creative

dreamers

14

low Openness to experience

conservative

dull

unimaginative

very down to earth

15

high Conscientiousness

dependable and responsible

follow rule

16

low Conscientiousness

careless and impulsive

messy and may cheat others

17

high extraversion

sociable and talkative

18

high extraversion

sociable and talkative

19

low extraversion

withdrawn and shy

work on their projects alone

20

high emotional stability

stable and confident

21

high emotional stability

stable and confident

22

what is important in jobs that require interaction/ cooperation/ teamwork?

Agreeableness

23

high Agreeableness

tolerant and cooperative

24

high Agreeableness

tolerant and cooperative

polite and like people

25

low Agreeableness

cold and rude

tend to tell it like is is

26

what is agreeableness?

individuals adjust their behavior to suit others

27

what is conscientiousness

being honest and hardworking

28

what is neuroticism?

personality trait of being emotional

29

what is openness to experience?

seeking. new experiences and intellectual pursuits

30

what is the loss of locus?

A set of beliefs about whether one’s behaviour is controlled mainly by internal or external factors