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Flashcards in Test 2 MCQ Deck (15)
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1

"An interesting job that pays well" suggests that the job

A) is high in extrinsic motivation.

B) meets the motivational requirements of equity theory.

C) is high in extrinsic but low in intrinsic motivation.

D) is high in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

E) is high in intrinsic motivation.

D) is high in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

2

Some researchers have argued that intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are incompatible. By this, they mean that

A) intrinsic rewards may decrease extrinsic motivation.

B) when used in combination, they result in lower levels of
performance.

C) extrinsic rewards usually lead to better performance than intrinsic rewards.

D) intrinsic rewards usually lead to better performance than extrinsic rewards.

E) extrinsic rewards may decrease intrinsic motivation.

E) extrinsic rewards may decrease intrinsic motivation.

3

Which of the following statements about motivation and performance is FALSE?

A) A person could be highly motivated and yet perform poorly.

B) General cognitive ability and emotional intelligence are important for motivation to be converted into
performance.

C) A person could perform fairly well despite low motivation.

D) Motivation is defined as the extent to which workers contribute to achieving organizational objectives.

E) Task understanding is important for motivation to be converted into performance.

D) Motivation is defined as the extent to which workers contribute to achieving organizational objectives.

4

In McClelland's theory of needs sales jobs are attractive to those high in need for __________, and management
jobs are attractive to those high in need for __________.

A) affiliation; power

B) achievement; affiliation

C) power; achievement

D) achievement; power

E) achievement; achievement

D) achievement; power

5

Effort, persistence, and direction are basic components of

A) attitude

B) equity

C) expectancy

D) performance

E) motivation

E) motivation

6

According to the text, which of the following is not a basic characteristic or component of motivation?

A)Effort

B)Direction

C)Performance

D)Persistence

E)Goals

C) Performance

7

Which of the following is most likely to stimulate intrinsic motivation?

A)Company policies

B)Challenging job

C)High pay

D)Generous fringe benefits

E)Close supervision

B)Challenging job

8

An interesting job that pays well" suggests that the job

A)is high in extrinsic motivation.

B)meets the motivational requirements of equity theory.

C)is high in extrinsic but low in intrinsic motivation.


D)is high in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

E)is high in intrinsic motivation

D)is high in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

9

Some researchers have argued that intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are incompatible. By this, they mean that

A)intrinsic rewards may decrease extrinsic motivation.

B)when used in combination, they result in lower levels of performance.

C)extrinsic rewards usually lead to better performance than intrinsic rewards.

D)intrinsic rewards usually lead to better performance than extrinsic rewards.

E)extrinsic rewards may decrease intrinsic motivation

E)extrinsic rewards may decrease intrinsic motivation

10

A person who is high in need for achievement will tend to favour __________ goals.

A)fairly easy

B)moderately difficult

C)moderately easy

D)fairly easy or very difficult

E)very difficult

B)moderately difficult

11

The manager who tells an employee, "I'll recommend you for a promotion if you implement the new system byJanuary" is attempting to strengthen which expectancy theory component?

A)Valence of second-level outcomes

B)Expectancy

C)Relatedness

D)Instrumentality

E)Needs

D)Instrumentality

12

In expectancy theory, the valence of first-level outcomes is the sum of the product of

A)force and instrumentalities.

B)expectancies and instrumentalities.

C)second-level valences and instrumentalities.

D)second-level valences and expectancies.

E)second-level instrumentalities and expectancies

C)second-level valences and instrumentalities.

13

Mike, a production worker, reports on a research questionnaire that high performance has a valence of 10, average performance a valence of 5, and low performance a valence of 1. Also, he reports that he is certain thathe can perform at low or average levels but only 40 percent sure that he can perform at a high level. Accordingto expectancy theory, at which level should Mike perform?

A)Average

B)Low

C)Instrumentalities are also needed to answer this question

D)High if task complexity is low to moderate

E)High

A)Average

14

According to equity theory, an underpaid individual would not __________ to achieve equity.

A)reduce his or her outcomes

B)reduce his or her inputs

C)perceptually distort the inputs or outcomes of a comparison person

D)perceptually distort his or her inputs or outcomes

E)accept a job in another organization

A)reduce his or her outcomes

15

Which motivation theory seems to translate across cultures best?

A)McClelland's theory of needs

B)Equity theory

C)Expectancy theory

D)Maslow's need hierarchy

E)ERG theory

C)Expectancy theory