Chapter 9 - The Renaissance in Europe Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - The Renaissance in Europe Deck (25):
1

Renaissance

The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in Italy in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe. b. The period of this revival, roughly the 14th through the 16th century, marking the transition from medieval to modern times.

2

Milan

a metropolis in Italy's northern Lombardy region, is a global capital of fashion and design. Home to the national stock exchange, it’s a financial hub also known for its high-end restaurants and shops.

3

Venice

the capital of northern Italy’s Veneto region, is built on more than 100 small islands in a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea.

4

Florence

capital of Italy’s Tuscany region, is home to many masterpieces of Renaissance art and architecture.

5

Rome

a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display.

6

Medici Family

an Italian banking family, political dynasty and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.

7

Humanism

an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters.

8

Machiavelli

an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters.

9

Perspective

the art of drawing solid objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other when viewed from a particular point.

10

Gutenberg

A German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)

11

Erasmus

humanist, scholar, theologian, and writer.

12

William Shakespeare

an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

13

Sir Thomas More

an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist.

14

Flemish

the Dutch language as spoken in Flanders, one of the two official languages of Belgium.

15

Michelangelo

an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.

16

John van Eyck

an Early Netherlandish painter active in Bruges and one of the most significant Northern Renaissance artists of the 15th century.

17

Albert Durer

a painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance. Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, due to his high-quality woodcut prints.

18

Fresco

a painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries.

19

Indulgences

the actions or facts of indulging.

20

Predestination

in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with reference to the eventual fate of the individual soul.

21

Reformation

the action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

22

Martin Luther

a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.

23

Henry VIII

King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was the first English King of Ireland, and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France.

24

John Calvin

an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.

25

Huguenots

a French Protestant of the 16th–17th centuries. Largely Calvinist, the Huguenots suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority, and many thousands emigrated from France.