Flashcards in Chapter23-Types and Forms of Govt. Deck (97):
What is generally the maximum size city that will use a council mayor form of government
Which position most commonly has the responsibility to advise the legislature on fire and life safety related legislation?
Which type a commissioner is responsible for the fire and police departments?
Which type of commissioner in a commission government oversees the budget, tax collections, and related matters
In a commission form of government what commissioner is responsible for maintenance of the infrastructure including maintaining an expanding the streets, sewer, and the water system
The maintenance commissioner
At the local level, legislation is enacted by what three parties?
Council, commission, or a board
In a local government what commission is in charge of coordinating the use of land within the jurisdiction and determining the types of structures that can be located within the area
In local government what department is in charge of maintenance of municipal streets and county roads
Street or road department
In local government what department is responsible for ensuring that building codes, fire codes, and renovation codes are in force during construction
What are the four states that consider themselves to be a common wealth?
Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, in Virginia
What is the definition of a commonwealth
States in which the government functions with the common consent of the people
What year was the department of homeland security created
How long do congressional sessions in the United States last?
What government agency serves as the single point of contact within the federal government for emergency management activities?
Federal emergency management agency
What government agency in ministers in extensive fire data and analysis program and provides overall fire policy and coordination
United States fire administration
What government agency is the training arm the US fire administration and is located in Emmitsburg Maryland
National fire Academy
What government agency does some fire related training and focuses mainly on training of emergency management professionals
Emergency management Institute
How long does the president have to review an act once it is passed Congress?
What government agency is responsible for Orson investigations across the US?
Bureau of alcohol, tobacco, firearms and explosives
When did Congress passed the federal fire prevention and control act to provide improved training
What branch of government is responsible for an acting laws?
What are the three levels of local government
Municipal, county, and district
In communities with formal government, what are the three most common structures?
Council/Mayor, council/manager, and commission
What is an election where candidates can reside in any part of the city and all eligible voters are able to vote for one or more of the candidates
At large election
What type of local government consists of a mayor elected at large and a group of representatives who normally serve districts, wards, or precincts
What type/size community tends to use the council/mayor form of government?
Older, larger cities with populations under 25,000 people
What form of local government has voters elect representatives to serve as the council and mayor and they hire a professional public administrator to manage the daily affairs of the city
What is the average tenure of a city manager
What size/type of city tends to use the council/manager form of local government
Cities that have populations over 10,000 citizens
What local form of government consist of a 3 to 5 member board elected at large within the municipality
How does the commission style of government work?
All the city operations are divided into divisions and run by the elected commissioners
In a commission form of government what are usually the three divisions the city is divided into
Finance, maintenance, and service
In a commission form of local government, what are the roles and responsibilities of the finance commissioner?
Overseas budget and tax collections
In a commission form of local government, what are the roles and responsibilities of the maintenance commissioner?
Maintaining streets, sewer, buildings, etc
In a commission form of local government, what are the roles and responsibilities of the services commissioner?
Responsible for fire and police
The biggest issue in a commission form of local government is what
Turf wars between the commissioners over money
What is another form of local government that is similar to the commission form of government but operates in much smaller cities?
What is the basic structure of a township
3 to 5 trustees elected at large including an elected mayor
In a township the 3 to 5 trustees are known as what
Board of trustees
What is a huge difference between a commissions seat and being on the board of trustees?
Commissions seats have a strict service time of two, four, or six years while Board of Trustees can often served as long as they want
What is another form of local government that consists of a municipality governed by board of officers called selectmen, who are elected during an annual meeting of qualified voters in the community
Where are town meetings most prominent
Smaller cities in the north east
What is a representative town meeting
This form of local government is very similar to a town meeting, however a representative town meeting is in larger cities where direct representation from the citizens cannot take place. This form of government Has the citizens elect a board to represent the town and make policies
What form of local government takes place in small cities and mirrors the council mayor form of government in which the mayor and the counselors are elected at large in the mayor only votes if there is a tie
What state still uses Burroughs to this day
What form of local government is in smaller cities and consist of a board of trustees elected a large wear one of the trustees serves as the board president which is similar to a mayor
In a village form of government, who serves as the legislative body?
The Board of Trustees
Why were county in Parish government's formed?
To decentralize state and provincial government
What are the three most common forms of county and Parish government?
County Commission, county commission/manager, county commission/executive
In a county commission form of government, two styles can be used, what are they
Commissioners can be elected at large or the county can be divided into smaller districts and commissioners can represent those districts
What form of county government consist of an elected commission that hires an administrator to manage the affairs of the county and implement those policies
What is the county form of government similar to a strong mayor form of government where the commission is equivalent to the Council and the executive or chief executive takes the place of the mayor
Under the County commission/executive form of government who serves as the legislative branch
Under the County commission/executive form of government who serves as the executive branch
What is another form of government used in rural areas that are empowered by their state to implement and enforce regulations and help raise revenues
Fire districts are operated by what?
Elected board of directors
Where are fire districts most often found
In rural areas where protection is needed but lack of funds requires fire districts and other districts to band together to complete coverage of their area
Who is responsible for legislation at the local level?
Councils, commissions, or board of trustees
Some cities have a commissioner of public safety who is roles and responsibilities consist of
Operations of both fire and police
What city department is responsible for building codes, fire codes, and in forcing these during construction/renovation
What city department is responsible for sewer systems, storm drains, and hydrant maintenance/repair
What city commission is responsible for coordinating the use of land within the jurisdiction and determining the types of structures that can be located within that area
The zoning commission
What City department can assist with cleanup and removal of hazardous materials?
What are the three functional branches of the state government
Judicial, executive, and legislative
What branch is responsible for enacting laws
Every state in the US has a bicameral or two house legislature except for
Who is the figurehead or leader of the executive branch of the state government
What branch of state government interprets state constitutions and oversees the states court system
What is the term used for a state where the government functions with the common consent of the people in Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia
These are all called Commonwealth states
Canada is divided into how many territories and provinces?
10 provinces and two territories
Who is the head of the executive branch in Canada?
When it comes to government in Canada are provinces or territories more powerful
Who is the head of tribal governments
Who is the primary agency responsible for the management of Indian lands and resources
US Bureau of Indian affairs
Who serves as the principal authority of fire protection and advises the legislature on fire and life safety as well as overseeing the fire prevention program
A few states and provinces have conducted what to assist with fire and emergency services training and certification programs
What state department heads up roadway planning, maintenance, and control of turnpikes
What is the organization in charge of environmental protection
Environmental protection agency
Anytime a fire involves a medical facility, food vendor, place of lodging/public building, who should be called
What state department can be contacted for information on biological hazards, immunizations, and Quarantine procedures
What agencies are responsible for preventing, preparing for, responding to, mitigating, and recovering from all types of disasters
Office of emergency preparedness or Homeland security
What branch of government is FEMA and NASA a part of
Who is in charge of a pointing directors for FEMA and NASA
The president with approval from the Senate
How long is a congressional session
What is a written description of legislation that is presented to Congress
Congressional staff specialist and lawyers make up what type of counsel
Any bill dealing with taxes and spending must originate in what part of Congress
Once a bill is approved it is sent to the president to has how many days to review the document
If a president reviews the bill and vetoes it, what type of vote is needed to override the veto
What bill was passed in 1974 by Congress that improve training, assistance, coordination, and standards for fire protection
The federal fire prevention and control act
When was the department of homeland security formed
What national organization is a supporting partner to organizations within and outside the fire and emergency services that are involved in emergency management
What are the four functions of FEMA
Preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery
What national agency administers extensive fire data and analysis programs and provides overall fire policy and coordination
The United States fire administration
What national organization is known as the training arm of the US and provides training programs ranging from fire service management to hazard mitigation
National fire Academy
What national organization focuses on the training of emergency management professionals which include members of the fire service
Emergency management Institute