Chapter23-Types and Forms of Govt. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter23-Types and Forms of Govt. Deck (97):
1

What is generally the maximum size city that will use a council mayor form of government

25,000

2

Which position most commonly has the responsibility to advise the legislature on fire and life safety related legislation?

Fire marshal

3

Which type a commissioner is responsible for the fire and police departments?

Services commissioner

4

Which type of commissioner in a commission government oversees the budget, tax collections, and related matters

Finance commissioner

5

In a commission form of government what commissioner is responsible for maintenance of the infrastructure including maintaining an expanding the streets, sewer, and the water system

The maintenance commissioner

6

At the local level, legislation is enacted by what three parties?

Council, commission, or a board

7

In a local government what commission is in charge of coordinating the use of land within the jurisdiction and determining the types of structures that can be located within the area

Zoning commission

8

In local government what department is in charge of maintenance of municipal streets and county roads

Street or road department

9

In local government what department is responsible for ensuring that building codes, fire codes, and renovation codes are in force during construction

Building department

10

What are the four states that consider themselves to be a common wealth?

Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, in Virginia

11

What is the definition of a commonwealth

States in which the government functions with the common consent of the people

12

What year was the department of homeland security created

2002

13

How long do congressional sessions in the United States last?

Two years

14

What government agency serves as the single point of contact within the federal government for emergency management activities?

Federal emergency management agency

15

What government agency in ministers in extensive fire data and analysis program and provides overall fire policy and coordination

United States fire administration

16

What government agency is the training arm the US fire administration and is located in Emmitsburg Maryland

National fire Academy

17

What government agency does some fire related training and focuses mainly on training of emergency management professionals

Emergency management Institute

18

How long does the president have to review an act once it is passed Congress?

10 days

19

What government agency is responsible for Orson investigations across the US?

Bureau of alcohol, tobacco, firearms and explosives

20

When did Congress passed the federal fire prevention and control act to provide improved training

1974

21

What branch of government is responsible for an acting laws?

Legislative

22

What are the three levels of local government

Municipal, county, and district

23

In communities with formal government, what are the three most common structures?

Council/Mayor, council/manager, and commission

24

What is an election where candidates can reside in any part of the city and all eligible voters are able to vote for one or more of the candidates

At large election

25

What type of local government consists of a mayor elected at large and a group of representatives who normally serve districts, wards, or precincts

Council/mayor

26

What type/size community tends to use the council/mayor form of government?

Older, larger cities with populations under 25,000 people

27

What form of local government has voters elect representatives to serve as the council and mayor and they hire a professional public administrator to manage the daily affairs of the city

Council/manager

28

What is the average tenure of a city manager

6.4 years

29

What size/type of city tends to use the council/manager form of local government

Cities that have populations over 10,000 citizens

30

What local form of government consist of a 3 to 5 member board elected at large within the municipality

Commission

31

How does the commission style of government work?

All the city operations are divided into divisions and run by the elected commissioners

32

In a commission form of government what are usually the three divisions the city is divided into

Finance, maintenance, and service

33

In a commission form of local government, what are the roles and responsibilities of the finance commissioner?

Overseas budget and tax collections

34

In a commission form of local government, what are the roles and responsibilities of the maintenance commissioner?

Maintaining streets, sewer, buildings, etc

35

In a commission form of local government, what are the roles and responsibilities of the services commissioner?

Responsible for fire and police

36

The biggest issue in a commission form of local government is what

Turf wars between the commissioners over money

37

What is another form of local government that is similar to the commission form of government but operates in much smaller cities?

Township

38

What is the basic structure of a township

3 to 5 trustees elected at large including an elected mayor

39

In a township the 3 to 5 trustees are known as what

Board of trustees

40

What is a huge difference between a commissions seat and being on the board of trustees?

Commissions seats have a strict service time of two, four, or six years while Board of Trustees can often served as long as they want

41

What is another form of local government that consists of a municipality governed by board of officers called selectmen, who are elected during an annual meeting of qualified voters in the community

Townmeeting

42

Where are town meetings most prominent

Smaller cities in the north east

43

What is a representative town meeting

This form of local government is very similar to a town meeting, however a representative town meeting is in larger cities where direct representation from the citizens cannot take place. This form of government Has the citizens elect a board to represent the town and make policies

44

What form of local government takes place in small cities and mirrors the council mayor form of government in which the mayor and the counselors are elected at large in the mayor only votes if there is a tie

Borough

45

What state still uses Burroughs to this day

New Jersey

46

What form of local government is in smaller cities and consist of a board of trustees elected a large wear one of the trustees serves as the board president which is similar to a mayor

Village

47

In a village form of government, who serves as the legislative body?

The Board of Trustees

48

Why were county in Parish government's formed?

To decentralize state and provincial government

49

What are the three most common forms of county and Parish government?

County Commission, county commission/manager, county commission/executive

50

In a county commission form of government, two styles can be used, what are they

Commissioners can be elected at large or the county can be divided into smaller districts and commissioners can represent those districts

51

What form of county government consist of an elected commission that hires an administrator to manage the affairs of the county and implement those policies

County commission/manager

52

What is the county form of government similar to a strong mayor form of government where the commission is equivalent to the Council and the executive or chief executive takes the place of the mayor

County commission/executive

53

Under the County commission/executive form of government who serves as the legislative branch

Commission

54

Under the County commission/executive form of government who serves as the executive branch

Chief executive

55

What is another form of government used in rural areas that are empowered by their state to implement and enforce regulations and help raise revenues

Fire district

56

Fire districts are operated by what?

Elected board of directors

57

Where are fire districts most often found

In rural areas where protection is needed but lack of funds requires fire districts and other districts to band together to complete coverage of their area

58

Who is responsible for legislation at the local level?

Councils, commissions, or board of trustees

59

Some cities have a commissioner of public safety who is roles and responsibilities consist of

Operations of both fire and police

60

What city department is responsible for building codes, fire codes, and in forcing these during construction/renovation

Building department

61

What city department is responsible for sewer systems, storm drains, and hydrant maintenance/repair

Water department

62

What city commission is responsible for coordinating the use of land within the jurisdiction and determining the types of structures that can be located within that area

The zoning commission

63

What City department can assist with cleanup and removal of hazardous materials?

Street department

64

What are the three functional branches of the state government

Judicial, executive, and legislative

65

What branch is responsible for enacting laws

Legislative

66

Every state in the US has a bicameral or two house legislature except for

Nebraska

67

Who is the figurehead or leader of the executive branch of the state government

The governor

68

What branch of state government interprets state constitutions and oversees the states court system

Judicial branch

69

What is the term used for a state where the government functions with the common consent of the people in Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia

These are all called Commonwealth states

70

Canada is divided into how many territories and provinces?

10 provinces and two territories

71

Who is the head of the executive branch in Canada?

The premier

72

When it comes to government in Canada are provinces or territories more powerful

Territories

73

Who is the head of tribal governments

Chief

74

Who is the primary agency responsible for the management of Indian lands and resources

US Bureau of Indian affairs

75

Who serves as the principal authority of fire protection and advises the legislature on fire and life safety as well as overseeing the fire prevention program

Fire marshal

76

A few states and provinces have conducted what to assist with fire and emergency services training and certification programs

Fire commission

77

What state department heads up roadway planning, maintenance, and control of turnpikes

Highway department

78

What is the organization in charge of environmental protection

Environmental protection agency

79

Anytime a fire involves a medical facility, food vendor, place of lodging/public building, who should be called

Health department

80

What state department can be contacted for information on biological hazards, immunizations, and Quarantine procedures

Health department

81

What agencies are responsible for preventing, preparing for, responding to, mitigating, and recovering from all types of disasters

Office of emergency preparedness or Homeland security

82

What branch of government is FEMA and NASA a part of

Executive

83

Who is in charge of a pointing directors for FEMA and NASA

The president with approval from the Senate

84

How long is a congressional session

Two years

85

What is a written description of legislation that is presented to Congress

Bill

86

Congressional staff specialist and lawyers make up what type of counsel

Legislative Council

87

Any bill dealing with taxes and spending must originate in what part of Congress

The house

88

Once a bill is approved it is sent to the president to has how many days to review the document

10 days

89

If a president reviews the bill and vetoes it, what type of vote is needed to override the veto

Two thirds

90

What bill was passed in 1974 by Congress that improve training, assistance, coordination, and standards for fire protection

The federal fire prevention and control act

91

When was the department of homeland security formed

2002

92

What national organization is a supporting partner to organizations within and outside the fire and emergency services that are involved in emergency management

FEMA

93

What are the four functions of FEMA

Preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery

94

What national agency administers extensive fire data and analysis programs and provides overall fire policy and coordination

The United States fire administration

95

What national organization is known as the training arm of the US and provides training programs ranging from fire service management to hazard mitigation

National fire Academy

96

What national organization focuses on the training of emergency management professionals which include members of the fire service

Emergency management Institute

97

What national department creates fire protection programs aimed at rural areas managed by the forest service

United States department of agriculture