Flashcards in Chapter25-Analyses, Evaluations, and Stats Deck (51):

1

## What is a Column Graph where the height of the columns indicates the relative numbers of a variable

### Histogram

2

## What is one of the simplest to most effective ways to display data where a bar is drawn for each category of data allowing for a visual comparison of the results

### Bar chart

3

## What is a visual aid used to demonstrate increases, decreases, and fluctuations overtime

### Line chart

4

## What is a visual aid that is effective in showing how each component contribute to the whole

### Pie Chart

5

## How should the steps in the analysis process progress

### From specific items to general items or from the smallest part or element to the complete subject

6

##
What is a branch of mathematics concerned with the collection of numerical facts

or

A set of concepts, rules, and procedures used to analyze numerical information and organize and illustrate it in the form of tables, graphs, and charts

or

Data that can be represented numerically

### All are definitions of statistics

7

## What visual aid is used to show frequency distributions that allow for easy identification of trans and other characteristics, particularly with timeseries data

### Column charts

8

## What is the most commonly used method for gathering information

### Survey

9

## What are the three methods of research?

### Survey, observation, and experimentation

10

## What is a method of research that is used to monitor the subjects actions without directly interacting with them

### Observation

11

## How many approaches to the problem should be developed as a minimum

### 2

12

## What is used to determine the likelihood of an event occurring

### Risk analysis

13

## What is an analysis based on the relationship between effort/cost and results/benefit

### Cost benefit analysis

14

## What is an analysis that involves looking at each step in the process and determining the best way to do it

### Process analysis

15

## What is an analysis that occurs when current policies are analyzed for effectiveness and enforcement

### Policy analysis

16

## What is it analysis used to determine the most efficient ways to provide a program or service by looking at each program component

### Program analysis

17

## What is an analysis or assessment that is conducted to determine the types of services that an organization is currently delivering and compare them to the services the community desires

### Needs analysis

18

## What is the term used to describe a process, product, or activity that produces the desired result or meets its intended purpose

### Effective

19

## What term best describes the minimum cost for the maximum effect

### Efficient

20

## What visual aid emphasizes the relationship between two variables

### Dot Charts

21

## What visual aid uses pictures or maps to display data

### Pictogram

22

## What type of visual aid is similar to a histogram and is a diagram or map that highlights the occurrence of certain types of events

### Hot chart

23

## What is the most commonly used method for gathering information or statistical data

### Survey

24

## How long does it generally take to analyze a program

### Six months

25

## What is the biggest disadvantage of a survey

### Limited by the amount of in-depth questioning that can be accomplished

26

## What is the process of methodically examining the various parts of an item, project, or incident

### Analysis

27

## What implies an objective study of the widest array of facts

### Analysis

28

## What is the term that refers to the accuracy or truthfulness of a measurement

### Validity

29

## What is a term synonymous with repeatability which reveals consistent results over time

### Reliability

30

## What is a term for a statistic describing the location of the distribution

### Average

31

## What does the term describing an expression of the relative size of two numbers by showing one divided by the other

### Ratio

32

## What is a method used to analyze or represent statistical data

### Statistical procedure

33

## What term refers to the arrangement of values of the variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence

### Statistical distribution

34

## What is the term sometimes used to determine the central tendency, which is a typical or representative value for a set of data

### Statistical analysis

35

## What is this some of the values divided by the number of values

### Mean

36

## What is the value which divides the values into two equal halves, with half of the values being a lower and half being higher

### Median

37

## What is the term to describe the most frequently occurring value or values in the data set

### Mode

38

## What is considered the most compelling reason to use statistics according to the fire data analysis handbook

### Analysis gives insight into fire and life safety problems

39

## What is the process establishing the worth or value of each of the parts based on the desired outcome

### Evaluation

40

## What is the process of methodically examining the various parts of an item, project, or incident

### Analyzing

41

## What is it called when a person or organization takes action that will prevent future expenses

### Cost avoidance

42

## What are costs that will occur if specific actions are taken

### Financial consequences

43

## Generally how long does a policy analysis take

### One year

44

## Who should perform a policy analysis

### If it is a big problem an externalorganization should handle the process. If it is a small problem then an internal committee can be formed

45

## How long do you program analysis take

### Six months

46

## Risk analysis relies on determining what

### Probability

47

## What is establishing how effective and efficient a person, a program, a process, or an item is compared to a benchmark or established set of criteria

### Evaluating

48

## What is the preferred approach to personnel evaluations

### In formal approach

49

## What are the only records that are not available to the public

### Medical and personnel records

50

## What is the main benefit to a telephone interview

### Very efficient use of time and funds

51