Chapter25-Analyses, Evaluations, and Stats Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter25-Analyses, Evaluations, and Stats Deck (51):
1

What is a Column Graph where the height of the columns indicates the relative numbers of a variable

Histogram

2

What is one of the simplest to most effective ways to display data where a bar is drawn for each category of data allowing for a visual comparison of the results

Bar chart

3

What is a visual aid used to demonstrate increases, decreases, and fluctuations overtime

Line chart

4

What is a visual aid that is effective in showing how each component contribute to the whole

Pie Chart

5

How should the steps in the analysis process progress

From specific items to general items or from the smallest part or element to the complete subject

6

What is a branch of mathematics concerned with the collection of numerical facts

or

A set of concepts, rules, and procedures used to analyze numerical information and organize and illustrate it in the form of tables, graphs, and charts

or

Data that can be represented numerically

All are definitions of statistics

7

What visual aid is used to show frequency distributions that allow for easy identification of trans and other characteristics, particularly with timeseries data

Column charts

8

What is the most commonly used method for gathering information

Survey

9

What are the three methods of research?

Survey, observation, and experimentation

10

What is a method of research that is used to monitor the subjects actions without directly interacting with them

Observation

11

How many approaches to the problem should be developed as a minimum

2

12

What is used to determine the likelihood of an event occurring

Risk analysis

13

What is an analysis based on the relationship between effort/cost and results/benefit

Cost benefit analysis

14

What is an analysis that involves looking at each step in the process and determining the best way to do it

Process analysis

15

What is an analysis that occurs when current policies are analyzed for effectiveness and enforcement

Policy analysis

16

What is it analysis used to determine the most efficient ways to provide a program or service by looking at each program component

Program analysis

17

What is an analysis or assessment that is conducted to determine the types of services that an organization is currently delivering and compare them to the services the community desires

Needs analysis

18

What is the term used to describe a process, product, or activity that produces the desired result or meets its intended purpose

Effective

19

What term best describes the minimum cost for the maximum effect

Efficient

20

What visual aid emphasizes the relationship between two variables

Dot Charts

21

What visual aid uses pictures or maps to display data

Pictogram

22

What type of visual aid is similar to a histogram and is a diagram or map that highlights the occurrence of certain types of events

Hot chart

23

What is the most commonly used method for gathering information or statistical data

Survey

24

How long does it generally take to analyze a program

Six months

25

What is the biggest disadvantage of a survey

Limited by the amount of in-depth questioning that can be accomplished

26

What is the process of methodically examining the various parts of an item, project, or incident

Analysis

27

What implies an objective study of the widest array of facts

Analysis

28

What is the term that refers to the accuracy or truthfulness of a measurement

Validity

29

What is a term synonymous with repeatability which reveals consistent results over time

Reliability

30

What is a term for a statistic describing the location of the distribution

Average

31

What does the term describing an expression of the relative size of two numbers by showing one divided by the other

Ratio

32

What is a method used to analyze or represent statistical data

Statistical procedure

33

What term refers to the arrangement of values of the variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence

Statistical distribution

34

What is the term sometimes used to determine the central tendency, which is a typical or representative value for a set of data

Statistical analysis

35

What is this some of the values divided by the number of values

Mean

36

What is the value which divides the values into two equal halves, with half of the values being a lower and half being higher

Median

37

What is the term to describe the most frequently occurring value or values in the data set

Mode

38

What is considered the most compelling reason to use statistics according to the fire data analysis handbook

Analysis gives insight into fire and life safety problems

39

What is the process establishing the worth or value of each of the parts based on the desired outcome

Evaluation

40

What is the process of methodically examining the various parts of an item, project, or incident

Analyzing

41

What is it called when a person or organization takes action that will prevent future expenses

Cost avoidance

42

What are costs that will occur if specific actions are taken

Financial consequences

43

Generally how long does a policy analysis take

One year

44

Who should perform a policy analysis

If it is a big problem an externalorganization should handle the process. If it is a small problem then an internal committee can be formed

45

How long do you program analysis take

Six months

46

Risk analysis relies on determining what

Probability

47

What is establishing how effective and efficient a person, a program, a process, or an item is compared to a benchmark or established set of criteria

Evaluating

48

What is the preferred approach to personnel evaluations

In formal approach

49

What are the only records that are not available to the public

Medical and personnel records

50

What is the main benefit to a telephone interview

Very efficient use of time and funds

51

The best form of survey is what

Face-to-face interview