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WSET ® Level 2 Wine > Chardonnay > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chardonnay Deck (51)
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1

In what climates can Chardonnay grow?

  • Cool
  • Moderate
  • Warm

2

What can greatly affect Chardonnay's flavor profile?

What climate it's grown in.

The cooler the climate, the more under-ripe and green-fruited it will be;

The warmer the climate, the more ripe and tropical it will be.

 

3

Describe the profile of a cool climate Chardonnay.

  • Light to medium body
  • High acidity
  • Green orchard fruits (apple, pear)
  • Tart citrus
  • River rock

4

Describe the flavors of a moderate climate Chardonnay.

  • Medium to full body
  • Medium to high acidity
  • Ripe citrus
  • Melon (green, orange)
  • Stone fruits

5

Describe the profile of a warm climate Chardonnay.

  • Full body
  • Medium acid
  • Ripe peach/stone fruits
  • Tropical fruits/pineapple

6

What is a typical winemaking adjustment made to warm climate Chardonnays?

Acidification

7

What winemaking options can be deployed to add complexity to Chardonnay?

  • Malolactic conversion
  • Oak vessels
  • Lees aging

All are optional; when used, winemakers must ensure the wine remains in balance.

8

What are some more affordable alternatives to using new oak barrels?

  • Oak staves
  • Oak chips

These alternatives are used on low- and medium-quality wines, not premium wines.

9

Which region in France grows and produces some of the finest Chardonnays in the world?

Burgundy

10

In Burgundy, excellent examples of Chardonnay come from the more northern, cool climate appellation of ___.

You can also find good examples of Chardonnay further south in Burgundy, in the more moderate climate area of ___.

Chablis in the north to Mâconnais in the south

11

What is Burgundy's most northern AOC for Chardonnay?

Chablis AOC

12

What regional AOC can be used on a label if the Chardonnay grapes came from anywhere within Burgundy?

Bourgogne AOC

13

As Chablis is a cool climate, the flavor profile and style of Chardonnays from here will be:

  • Dry
  • High acidity
  • Tart citrus
  • Green apple
  • River rock

14

In which direction do Premier Cru and Grand Cru vineyards of Chablis face?

South/southeast

15

Why does having a south/southeast facing vineyard help in cool climates like Chablis?

When vineyards face south/southeast in a cool climate, they receive maximum sun exposure which helps the grapes ripen and develop more flavorful characteristics.

16

What is the main weather threat for Chablis?

Springtime frost

17

What can happen to the vine if frost strikes?

Frost can burn new plant material and cause flowers to fall off, decreasing that vintage's yields before the flowers even turn into grapes.

18

Generally, does Chablis see lots of new oak or no oak at all?

No oak; most Chablis are raised in inert vessels.

Some Grand Cru Chablis will see some new oak.

19

What is the climate of the Côte d'Or?

Moderate

20

Which Chardonnay will taste riper, peachier, and have a medium body: Chablis or one from the Côte d'Or?

One from the Côte d'Or due to its more moderate climate.

21

Of the 2 sections of the Côte d'Or (Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune), which one focuses on Chardonnay production?

Côte de Beaune (southern section)

22

Name 2 villages in the Côte de Beaune that are famous for their Chardonnays.

  1. Meursault AOC
  2. Puligny-Montrachet AOC

23

Which winemaking options are typically deployed for Chardonnays from Meursault AOC and Puligny-Montrachet AOC?

  • Lees aging
  • Oak aging
  • Malolactic conversion

24

What are some tertiary notes typically found on developing/aged Chardonnays?

  • Hazelnuts
  • Mushrooms

25

Name two commonly seen Chardonnay AOCs in Mâconnais.

  1. Mâcon AOC
  2. Pouilly-Fuissé AOC

26

Generally, are most Chardonnays from the Mâconnais oaked or not oaked?

Not oaked; however, most Pouilly-Fuissés will be oaked.

27

What style of Chardonnay typically comes out of the south of France?

Ripe, fruity, tropical Chardonnays.

Lesser expensive ones may be raised in inert vessels with or without oak chips; more expensive ones might see barrel use (new or neutral).

28

Where in California is bulk Chardonnay mostly grown?

Central Valley

Central Valley has a warm and dry climate producing peachy-pineapple-y, medium bodied Chardonnays.

29

Which appellation is generally used for Chardonnays from California's Central Valley ?

California

30

Why do coastal areas of California produce Chardonnays with more balance and complex fruit flavors?

Coastal areas are influenced by morning fog and cool Pacific breezes which mitigate California's heat and allow for a longer/cooler growing season; this helps grapes retain their acidity.