Pinot Noir Flashcards Preview

WSET ® Level 2 Wine > Pinot Noir > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pinot Noir Deck (30)
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1
Q

Is Pinot noir thick skinned or thin skinned?

A

Thin skinned

2
Q

Pinot Noir generally prefers what kind of climate?:

  • warm to hot
  • cool to moderate
A

Cool to moderate

Within this category, Pinot Noir prefers more moderate climates so that it can fully ripen.

3
Q

What happens to the flavors of Pinot Noir if it’s grown in a climate that’s too warm?

A

Flavors will lose their freshness, and overall the fruit flavors will present as cooked or stewed.

4
Q

Is Pinot Noir considered very hardy or is it prone to rot and disease?

A

Pinot Noir is prone to rot and disease, primarly because of its thin skin.

5
Q

Give a quick assessment of Pinot Noir: color in the glass, acidity, tannin, fruit profile.

A
  • Color: pale to medium
  • Acidity: usually high
  • Tannin: usually medium, but can be low
  • Fruit profile: red fruits, such as cherry, cranberry, strawberry, and pomegranate
6
Q

Pinot Noir is often bottled as:

  • a single varietal
  • one component in big blends
A

A single varietal

7
Q

Oak aging for Pinot Noir is most often done in:

  • small, new barrels
  • large, neutral barrels
A

Large, neutral barrels

Small, new barrels can overwhelm the delicacy of Pinot Noir.

8
Q

Name some of the flavors that are expressed in a developing Pinot Noir.

A
  • Mushroom
  • Forest floor
  • Crushed leaves
  • Dried rose petals
9
Q

What is arguably the single most important region in the world for Pinot Noir?

A

Burgundy, France

10
Q

The most acclaimed vineyards of Burgundy are found in a particular part of the region called the _____ _____, which is divided into 2 sections: a northern half and a southern half.

What are the names of those 2 sections?

A

​Most acclaimed vineyards in the Côte d’Or.

Northern half: Côte de Nuits

Southern half: Côte de Beaune

Côte d’Or translates to ‘golden slope’.

11
Q

In Burgundy, which direction do the best vineyards face?

Why?

A

South and southeast

To take advantage of as much sunlight as possible to ripen the grapes in this cool-to-moderate climate.

12
Q

List the appellation hierarchy of Burgundy from lowest to highest.

A
  1. Bourgogne AOC
  2. Village
  3. Premier Cru
  4. Grand Cru
13
Q

Describe the differences between a Bourgogne AOC wine and a Village wine.

A

Bourgogne AOC will show lighter body, less intensity, and less longevity vs. a wine at the Village level.

Village-level wines will show more flavorful and complex characteristics, and will be better suited for aging than Bourgogne AOC.

Most Village-level vines are planted in vineyards with better-draining soils and beneficial slopes and aspect vs. Bourgogne AOC vines.

14
Q

Name 2 famous villages for Pinot Noir in the Côte de Nuits.

A
  1. Gevrey-Chambertin AOC
  2. Nuits-Saint-Georges AOC
15
Q

Name 2 famous villages for Pinot Noir in the Côte de Beaune.

A
  1. Beaune AOC
  2. Pommard AOC
16
Q

What are 2 subtle notes on a Pinot Noir that would indicate it had spent some time in oak?

A
  1. Clove
  2. Smoke
17
Q

How do Village wines compare with Premier Cru and Grand Cru wines in Burgundy?

A

Village wines show flavor intensity, good complexity and length; they are also able to age a few years in the bottle. Village wines come from well-positioned slopes and aspects with well-draining soil.

Premier and Grand Cru wines are the best of the best. They are the most complex, the most concentrated, the most intense, and the vineyards are always mid-slope where the sun shines the longest. They can age for many years, even decades. Some are so rare their prices start in the thousands upon release.

18
Q

Pinot Noir in California performs best when it’s:

  • near the coast where it’s cooler
  • inland where it’s hotter
A

Near the coast where it’s cooler

Fog and Pacific breezes help keep these coastal areas cool.

19
Q

Name 1 appellation in northern California that’s well known for its Pinot Noir.

A

Carneros

20
Q

Morning fog created by this body of water cools down Carneros.

A

San Pablo Bay

21
Q

Western Sonoma is cooled by _____.

A

Pacific breezes

22
Q

What makes Santa Barbara County a good place to grow Pinot Noir?

A

Cool Pacific breezes coming from the south and west help prevent Pinot Noir from developing over-ripe flavors.

23
Q

Describe the main differences between Pinot Noir from Burgundy and Pinot Noir from California.

A

California

  • Ripe red fruits
  • Higher use of new oak (overt vanilla flavors)

Burgundy

  • Tart red fruits
  • Subtle use of oak (clove and smoke flavors)
24
Q

Why is Oregon such a good place for growing Pinot Noir?

A
  • Northerly latitude
  • Exposure to Pacific Ocean and its breezes
  • Moderate climate (it’s cooler than California)
25
Q

Which region in Chile is showing promise for making quality Pinot Noir?

A

Casablanca Valley

Casablanca Valley is cooled by Pacific breezes and morning fog.

26
Q

Pinot Noir production in South Africa is focused where: along the coast where it’s cooler or inland where it’s hotter?

Name one South African region that’s known for its Pinot Noir.

A

Along the coast where Antarctic breezes cool down vines.

Walker Bay is known for its Pinot Noir.

27
Q

Despite the general heat of Australia there are 2 regions that grow beautiful Pinot Noir in a more moderate climate.

What are those 2 regions?

A
  1. Yarra Valley
  2. Mornington Peninsula
28
Q

Which ocean provides cooling breezes to Yarra Valley and Mornington Peninsula?

A

Southern Ocean

29
Q

Name 3 appellations in New Zealand that are well suited for Pinot Noir production.

A
  1. Martinborough (North Island)
  2. Marlborough (South Island)
  3. Central Otago (South Island)
30
Q

Why does Central Otago make some of New Zealand’s most powerful Pinot Noir?

A

Central Otago is in a rain shadow which protects it from cool Pacific breezes and bad weather which give the grapes unlimited sunshine to fully ripen.