Syrah/Shiraz Flashcards Preview

WSET ® Level 2 Wine > Syrah/Shiraz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Syrah/Shiraz Deck (30)
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1

In what climates does Syrah/Shiraz prefer to grow?

  • Moderate (e.g. Northern Rhône)
  • Warm (e.g. South Australia)

2

In France the name for Syrah is ___.

Syrah

3

In Australia the name for Syrah is ___.

Shiraz

4

Describe the profile of a moderate-climate Syrah/Shiraz, e.g. one from the Northern Rhône.

  • Dry
  • Medium body
  • Medium to medium+ alcohol
  • Medium - high tannin
  • Medium - high acidity
  • Fresh black fruit
  • Black pepper
  • Herbal

5

Describe the profile of a warm-climate Syrah/Shiraz, e.g. one from Australia.

  • Dry
  • Full body
  • High alcohol
  • Medium - high tannin
  • Medium - high acidity
  • Ripe, cooked black fruit
  • Anise/liquorice

6

When Syrah/Shiraz is used as a blending grape, what qualities will it add?

  • Color
  • Black fruit flavors
  • Tannin

7

For Syrah/Shiraz, is it more common or less common to mature it in oak?

More common

The oak softens Syrah's tannins and adds layers of flavors, including smoke and spices.

This oak maturation also helps Syrah to age.

8

What are some of the developing flavors that emerge as Syrah ages?

  • Leather
  • Meat/bacon
  • Earth/mushrooms

9

In France, Syrah's most important region is ___.

Northern Rhône

10

What is the only black grape allowed in the Northern Rhône?

Syrah

11

Which appellations of the Northern Rhône are most important for Syrah?

  • Côte Rôtie AOC
  • Hermitage AOC
  • Crozes Hermitages AOC 

12

The choicest vineyards in the Northern Rhône are planted on which terrain:

  • valley floor
  • steep slopes

Steep slopes

13

What is the climate of the Northern Rhône?

Moderate, but there are pockets of great warmth which aid in Syrah's ripening.

The extra warmth comes from vineyard aspect and light reflected off the Rhône River.

14

Because of the steep slopes in the Northern Rhône, are vineyards more likely to be machine harvested or hand harvested?

Hand harvested, which means the resulting wine is likely to be more expensive.

Heads up! Crozes-Hermitage is flat and can be machine harvested, so prices will be lower than Côte Rôtie and Hermitage.

Remember that the best vineyards (Côte Rôtie and Hermitage) are on slopes, not flat land.

15

What appellation marks the northernmost point where Syrah can ripen?

Côte Rôtie AOC in the Northern Rhône

16

What is the one grape allowed to be co-fermented with Syrah in Côte Rôtie AOC?

Viognier

It adds floral aromas and aromatic lift to peppery Syrah.

17

What direction does the steep hill of Hermitage face?

South

This makes Hermitage generally warmer than Côte Rôtie, producing wines with more heft.

18

Where is Crozes Hermitage AOC in relation to Hermitage AOC?

Crozes Hermitage AOC surrounds the bottom of the hill of Hermitage.

Crozes Hermitage AOC is on flat land.

19

Stylistically, how do Syrahs from Crozes Hermitage differ from Côte Rôtie and Hermitage?

Crozes Hermitage will be less complex, less concentrated, and generally less impressive than Côte Rôtie and Hermitage.  

They will also be less expensive.

20

In the Southern Rhône, Syrah is generally blended with ___.

Grenache

21

Where is Minervois AOC and what is it known for?

Minervois AOC is in the South of France and is known for its Syrah blends.

Syrah has no problem fully ripening in the South of France where it can be blended or bottled as a single varietal.

 

22

What is the IGP used in the south of France?

Pays d'Oc IGP

23

What is the most widely planted black grape in Australia (it's also the most planted grape in Australia, period)?

Shiraz

24

The appellation South Eastern Australia is generally known for what kind of Shiraz?

High-volume, affordably priced, bulk Shiraz grown in the the warmer inland areas.

25

Name 2 regions in Australia known for high-quality Shiraz.

  1. Barossa Valley
  2. Hunter Valley

26

Some of the world's oldest Shiraz vines are in the ___ Valley.

Barossa Valley

There are some vines that are older than 125 years.

27

What is the climate of the Barossa Valley?

Warm

28

Describe the style of Shiraz from Barossa Valley.

  • Dry
  • Full body
  • High tannin
  • Cooked black fruit
  • Black pepper
  • Spicy oak flavors (vanilla, mocha)
  • Intense

29

What is the climate of Hunter Valley?

Warm, but cloud cover and sea breezes help moderate the heat and extend the growing season.

30

Describe the style of Hunter Valley Shiraz.

  • Dry
  • Medium body
  • High tannin
  • Fresh black fruit
  • Black pepper
  • Not as intense as Barossa Valley Shiraz