Flashcards in Chardonnay Deck (37)
Describe the structure of cool climate Chardonnay
Pale, dry, high acidity, light to medium body.
Describe the primary flavour of cool climate Chardonnay
Green fruit (apple and pear), citrus (lemon, lime) and wet stones
Describe the structure of moderate climate Chardonnay
Medium colour, medium to high acidity, medium to fully body
Describe the primary flavours of moderate climate Chardonnay
medium to pronounced lemon, stonefruit (peach), tropical fruit (melon)
Describe the structure of warm climate Chardonnay
Pronounced colour, medium acidity, full body
Describe the primary flavours of warm climate Chardonnay
Pronounced stonefruit (peach) and tropical fruit (pineapple, banana)
What climates is Chardonnay grown in?
Cool, moderate and warm climates
What vessels are used to ferment Chardonnay?
Inert or oak
Is Malolactic Fermentation used on Chardonnay? Why?
Yes, to soften acidity and add creaminess
Are the lees used during maturation?
Sometimes, especially Burgundian styles, with lees stirring, called Batonnage
What blending options are available?
As a single varietal or blended with local varieties
In what climate would you see acidification of wine? What about chaptalization?
Warm climate, cool climate
What flavours does bottle aging bring to Chardonnay wine?
List the important Chardonnay regions in France
Champagne, Burgundy, South France
List the important Chardonnay regions in the US
Carneros, Sonoma, Napa Valley, Santa Barbara County, Oregon
List the important Chardonnay regions in Australia
Yarra Valley, Adelaide Hills, Margaret River
List the important Chardonnay regions in New Zealand
Marlborough, Hawke's Bay
List the important Chardonnay regions in Chile
Casablanca Valley, Central Valley
List the important Chardonnay regions in South Africa
Western Cape, Walker Bay
What flavours does oak bring to Chardonnay?
Smoke, vanilla, coconut
Describe Bourgogne AOC Chardonnay
Simple, unoaked, apple and lemon, high acidity
Describe the Chablis region climate. Describe Chablis AOC wine, describe and discuss Premier and Grand Cru Chablis wine
Chablis is the most northerly and coolest growing region of Burgundy, at higher elevation and with limestone soil. Often suffers from spring frost which can destroy crops but also concentrate individual fruit on a vine.
Chablis AOC wine is simple, unoaked with apple and lemon and high acidity.
Premier and Grand Cru are riper, more flavoursome and complex and can see oak. They sit on south to south east aspect hillsides which make the fruit riper.
What are the two most important villages of Cote-d'Or for Chardonnay?
What is the quality of the wine?
What maturation options are used?
What tertiary qualities are produced from bottle aging these wines?
Meursault AOC and Puligny-Montrachet.
Oak barrel fermentation and aging, lees maturation
What are Macon AOC wines like?
Simple, fruity, unoaked
What is the most important village in the Maconnais?
What are the wine like? Why?
Ripe and concentrated, wil see oak fermentation and maturation.
The slopes of Pouilly-Fuisse are steep and sun exposed so the grapes ripen more
What is the level of production of Chardonnay in South France? What is the ripeness level? Is oak used?
High volume, ripe to very ripe, on the best fruit
Describe the climate and wine of Central Valley, California
Very warm and dry, high volume production
Ripe, medium acidity, medium body, oak chips / staves used
Describe the climates of Carneros and Sonoma, What influences their climates? What is their wine like?
Both have moderated climates.
Carneros recieves sea morning fog from San Pablo Bay
Sonoma's exposure to the Pacific Ocean
Intense, well balanced, complex
What is Santa Barbara County known for? What influences its climate? What styles does it produce, what distinguishes these styles from each other?
Sea breezes funnelled inland through hills
A range from Beaune to new world ripeness - higher alcohol and new oak