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Flashcards in Churchill Government 1940-5 Deck (27)
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1

How many women were in the army and navy in 1945?

190k and 72k

2

Who was conscripted to do war work?

Single, childless widows between 20-30 (later extended to 19-43)

3

How much of the work force did women constitute in regards to arms factories?

1/3

4

When did women get equal pay, and how much less did they get paid?

When doing skilled, unsupervised work, paid 59% less

5

When did women get equal compensation?

1943

6

Who was the minister of health, and what did he announce in 1941?

Ernest Brown, a post war "comprehensive hospital service"

7

How many houses were built during the war?

220k

8

How did bombing affect housing?

Destroyed 200k, made 250k uninhabitable

9

How did the number of builders change during the war?

From 1 million to 337k

10

In 1944, how many houses were estimated to be required?

750k houses and an extra 500k for slum clearance

11

What did they 1944 housing act do?

Set £150 million for prefabricated houses

12

How many hours per week were miners working?

60

13

What were strikes like?

Frequent strikes between 1938 and 1944

14

What was the increase in freight traffic?

70%

15

Who was minister of labour?

Ernest Bevin

16

Who was home secretary?

Herbert Morrison

17

What did Hugh Dalton do?

Minister of economic warfare and president of the board of trade

18

Who was deputy P.M?

Clement Atlee

19

How had debt changed from 1939 to 45, what happened to Britain's wealth?

Went from £500m to £3,500, lost 30% of its wealth

20

How much of the nation was in favour of the Beveridge report?

86%

21

How much did the war cost?

1/4 of national wealth

22

How did Keynes describe to economic situation following the war?

"Financial Dunkirk"

23

How did Attlee have war experience?

He served as an officer in WW1 - served at Gallipoli

24

What did the 1944 Butler education act do?

Created a free national education system under direction of the minister of education

25

What did Churchill say would happen if labour got elected in 1945?

A Gestapo state would be formed

26

What did the February 1944 white paper say would happen post war?

A free national health service

27

What did Willink say about the white paper?

It was a consultative document, not a final official statement