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Flashcards in National Government 1931-5 Deck (11)
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1

Which key figure supported Osward Moseley and his fascist movement?

Lord Rothermere - Ran Daily Mail and Evening Standard

2

Why did Fascism collapse?

Rothermere removed support in 1935, Moseley weak leader and didn't address working class issues

3

Why was the iron and steel market struggling?

Foreign tariffs reduced, home market flooded with cheap foreign steel, U.S and German markets had more iron ore, suffered from unemployment, iron no longer good from coal - imported it from spain and Sweden, higher use of alloys to prevent rust

4

What was iron and steel production like after the depression?

2/3 of the 1913 level

5

What helped the iron and steel industries?

Tariffs introduced in 1932, recovery of industry in 1933 due to demand for cars, quota in 1935 restricted imports

6

How many people were unemployed in 1932, and when did unemployment dip below 2 million?

2.8 million, 1936

7

Where was unemployment the worst in 1934, how did it compare to national avg?

Jarrow (Durham) 67.8%, Merthyr Tydfil 61.9%, Gateshead (Durham) 44.2%, Motherwell 37.4%, national avg 16.6%, greater london was 8.6%

8

What were exports like in 1932 in comparison to the 1927 numbers?

68.1%

9

What was infant mortality like in different areas in 1935?

In the south it was 42/1000, South Wales 63/1000, Durham 76/1000 and Jarrow 114/1000 - caused by poor diet due to lack of money

10

How much money did the means test save the govt from placing into unemployment funds in 1932-3 ?

£24 million

11

Why was the 1934 Special Areas act ineffective?

Provided limited government support for Cumbria, South Wales, Tyneside and South Scotland; two unpaid commissioners could spend £2 million act extended in 1937, by 1938, £8.5 million spent, but less than 50K jobs created, couldn't spend it on big projects