Coalition Government 1916-22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Coalition Government 1916-22 Deck (57)
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1

Why did the government give women above 30 the vote?

Thought to be less revolutionary than younger women, influenced by husband,

2

Why did the government give women the vote?

Public support after war effort. Could vote in New Zealand, Norway, Denmark and Australia. Canada gave women the vote in 1917

3

Why did it make no sense to cap the voting age at 30?

Women over 30 didnt contribute to war effort (field hospitals), Male conscripts of 19 got the vote

4

How did the war impact population?

705k deaths, 1.5m wounded, 'pals' battalions meant that whole villages male population got wiped out

5

What did the 1914 Defence of the realm act introduce?

Introduce ministry of munitions in 1915, took over arms factories, railways and mines nationalised, shipping could be requisitioned

6

What was rationed in 1918?

Sugar, butter, jam, tea and meat

7

What happened to pubs during the war?

Opening hours restricted, strength of beer reduced, buying rounds made illegal

8

When was summertime introduced?

May 1916

9

When was conscription introduced and who opposed it?

May 1916, liberals opposed it

10

Where was there censorship?

In the press, private correspondence and telegrams

11

What was introduced in danger of air raids?

Blackouts

12

How many children stopped going to school to do war work from 1914-7?

600k

13

How did WW1 impact farming?

A shortage of manpower on farms

14

How did the war impact wages?

Working class people not fighting could afford more food than before, wages rising faster than prices due to the shortage of labour

15

What were housing conditions like?

Bad, caused lung disease, there was inadequate heating, draughts and general squalor

16

How did working class spending change in the war?

Spending on goods rose 60%

17

What was introduced in farming?

A minimum wage

18

Who were allowances introduced for?

People too injured to go back to war

19

How was maternity care improved?

Improved access to medical care and reducing costs

20

What did the 1915 care of mothers and young children do?

More midwives & health visitors, introduction of maternity benefits and provision of milk

21

What was life like for children?

In 1916 and 1917, death rates in children lowest ever recorded, 1918 education act meant that schools provide playing fields and sporting equipment

22

What was set up to help suffering families (as a result of the war)?

Prince of Wales' national relief fund

23

How had labour votes changed in the 1918 election?

73 seats, votes from 1/2m to 2.4m (2.7m voted liberal)

24

What was Women's work like in the war?

100k in armed forces, 17k worked in France as admin and cooks

25

How many women were working in munitions in 1918?

947k

26

What was female work like in 1914, 1918 and 1931?

5.9 million, 7.3 million and 5.6 million

27

What did the 1918 representation of the people act do for men?

Reducing housing requirements for vote

28

How did the electorate change in 1918?

7.7 million to 21.4 million, women 43% of electorate

29

What did Henderson suggest the voting ages be?

21 for men, 25 for women

30

What did the NUWSS say they would do if mens qualifications changed?

Campaign for women to get into the electorate