Flashcards in Liberal Govt 1905-16 Deck (47)
Why was Women's suffrage becoming more prominent?
Liberal govt, after 20 years of tories, govt were ignoring the issue
What were the 2 suffrage groups?
NUWSS - Suffragists (peaceful), WSPU - Suffragettes (militant)
How did Lloyd-George help the WSPU?
When he was minister of munitions, he funded them so they could demonstrate for women joining the work force
What were women calling for?
Conscription of men, industrial conscription for women and abolition of trade unions
What did men wearing civilian clothes get?
A white feather from women (for cowardice)
Which womens group didn't condoned war?
ELFS - Slyvia Pankhurst as they were socialist, condoned sedition
What did the ELFS campaign for?
In war: civil liberties, control of food prices and profits, nationalisation of food supply and against rising food prices. In general: better rates of pay in charities, better pay and conditions in munitions factories, equal pay
What did the ELFS succeed in?
Got wives and relatives of soldiers more allowance
What did ELFS set up?
Factories and centres giving mothers milk, nurses to help them on health of their babies and restaurants offering food at 2d
What caused division in NUWSS?
War - Milicent Fawcett was for war, but against white feather, conscription and anti-German sentiment, she felt it was unwise to involve suffrage movement with controversy of pacifism
What did the NUWSS refuse to recognise?
An international peace conference for women held at the Hague - all national officers bar Milicent Fawcett and treasurer resigned
What was female unemployment like in 1914?
14%, dress trade collapsed as women bought less luxury, shortage of cotton due to no german trade, less fishing due to north sea closing
When was the Cat and Mouse act introduced?
What was Women's relations with trade unions and why?
5/6 women stayed out of unions in war time - women unpopular in labour intensive jobs
What did women lose if chose to keep working, and what did they lose in 1921?
Unemployment benefit, their wartime jobs
What was the main concern, in regards to suffrage?
Male suffrage - 40% of men didn't have vote in 1914
What political reasons were there for not giving women vote?
Suffragettes were unclear with their goals, L-G feared that if gave it to only middle class women then that would boost the conservative vote
Who did the suffragists mainly consist of?
The middle classes
How did suffragist membership change from 1906 to 1913?
From 6k to 50k
What views stopped women getting the vote?
Viewed as emotional, lack political judgement and relevant professional experience - they lived in different spheres
Which key figures were anti-suffrage?
Queen Victoria, King Edward VII and H.H. Asquith
What was opposition to war like?
Keir Hardie (retired from labour party chair), Ramsay MacDonald and Arthur Henderson resigned over war, 16k conscientious objectors, 1.5k absolutists (refused to do any war work)
What were school meals like in 1914?
Over 14m meals P/A for 158,000 children
How much were pensions costing the govt in 1909?
650k pensioners - cost £8 million
What did the 1909 trade boards act do?
Established min wages for 200k workers in box-making, tailoring and lace-making
How many workers were covered by health insurance in 1914?
What was unemployment like in 1908?
How many people were signed up to labour exchanges in 1914, and how effective were they?
430 exchanges, 2 million people signed to them, found 3k jobs a day, but 3/4 didn't find jobs
Between July 1913 and 1914, how many people claimed unemployment insurance?