Clinical features, radiology and staging of lung cancer Flashcards Preview

Respiratory Block > Clinical features, radiology and staging of lung cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical features, radiology and staging of lung cancer Deck (16):
1

What percentage of lung cancers are emergency presentations?

38%

2

What is the name of the cancer most prevalent that is not linked to smoking?

Adenocarcinoma

3

Why is it important to differentiate between the types of NSCLC?

Due to the differentiation in treatment available to give, and how they will react to each individual NSCLC

4

What does TNM stand for in terms of staging in lung cancer?

T- tumour
N- nodes
M- metastases

5

What does N0 indicate?

There is no regional node involvement

6

What does M1 indicate?

There are distant metastasis present

7

What does EBUS stand for?

Endobronchial ultrasound

8

Name the 4 most commonly sampled nodes using EBUS

Upper paratracheal
Lower paratracheal
Subcarinal
Hilar

9

What is the size associated with a pulmonary nodule?

10

What is the size associated with a pulmonary mass?

>3cm

11

What are the 4 main review areas of a chest radiograph?

Hila
Lung apices
Behind heart
Behind diaphragm

12

After seeing a intrapulmonary lesion in a CXR, what do you need to get?

A CT scan

13

What does the N stand for in TNM for cancer staging?

Whether cancer cells have spread into the nodes

14

What is T staging based on?

Size of the tumour

15

Tumours of the lung spread to which nodes first?

The hilar nodes

16

What fraction of patients with lung cancer present with metastases?

1/3