Flashcards in Pulmonary Vascular Disease Deck (15):
What does thrombo mean?
If something embolises, what is it doing?
It breaks off and lodges somewhere else
Where do 90% of emboli originate from?
Clots in leg veins
In which types of vein are thrombi more likely to embolise?
Name the 3 main risk factors for pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis
Decreased blood flow
What percentage of those diagnosed with thromboembolic disease will die without treatment?
What does the death rate of thromboembolic disease fall to once treatment starts?
Why is diagnosing pulmonary embolism difficult?
Pulmonary embolism can mimic other conditions
What are the main signs and symptoms for a deep vein thrombosis?
When can the D Dimer test be especially useful?
When it comes back as negative
Why is a negative D Dimer test very useful?
It effectively rules out a pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis
What is the definition of a pulmonary embolism?
A blood clot that lodges in the pulmonary arterial circulation
What is the main management therapy for a pulmonary embolism?
What does the pulmonary artery pressure need to be at rest, and at exercise for a person to have pulmonary hypertension?
At rest - >25mmHg
During exercise - > 30mmHg