Management of Respiratory Diseases Flashcards Preview

Respiratory Block > Management of Respiratory Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Management of Respiratory Diseases Deck (16):
1

What is step 1 treatment for asthma?

An occasional short-acting inhaled beta-2 agonist
(salbutamol)

2

What is step 2 treatment for asthma?

Add standard dose inhaled steroid (beclometasone)

3

What is step 3 treatment for asthma?

Add long-acting Beta-2 agonist (Salmeterol)

4

What is step 4 treatment for asthma?

Increase ICS dose or add 4th drug (Leukotriene receptor antagonists)

5

What is step 5 treatment for asthma?

Add regular oral prednisolone

6

What is the immediate treatment for someone with an acute/severe asthma attack?

Salbutamol (5mg - nebulised)
IV hydrocortisone (100mg)
Start O2 if sats are

7

What is the treatment for pneumonia?

Amoxycillin/ clarithromycin/ Co-amoxiclav
Oxygen, CPAP, Intubation

8

What are the main causative organisms for bronchiectasis?

Staph Aureus
H. Influenzae

9

What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?

Chest physiotherapy
Appropriate antibiotic treatment
B2 agonist + ICS

10

What is the management for DVT and PE?

Anticoagulation (LMW heparin and warfarin)
Thrombolysis if bigger PE (Alteplase)
Venal caval filter for those who develop more emboli whilst still on anticoagulants
Prevention (compression stockings, early mobilisation)

11

What is the recommended management for PHT?

Warfarin
Oxygen
Diuretics
CCBs

12

What is the recommended treatment for lung cancer?

Depends on TNM
If possible - surgery
If not - chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy
Palliative care

13

What is the main treatment for a pleural effusion?

Drain the fluid (potentially repeatedly)
Treat the underlying cause for the pleural effusion

14

What is the treatment for a pneumothorax?

Cannula (ICS)
Chest drain

15

What is the recommended treatment for sarcoidosis?

Corticosteroids

16

What is the main treatment for cystic fibrosis?

High energy diet
Enzyme pellets
Flu vaccine
Ibruprofen
Prednisone