Pleural disease Flashcards Preview

Respiratory Block > Pleural disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pleural disease Deck (21):
1

What is a pleural effusion?

When there is a collection of liquid in the chest

2

Which type of pressure pushes fluid out of the visceral pleura?

Pulmonary arterial pressure

3

Does the pleura extend beyond the first rib?

Yes

4

What are the two classes of pleural effusion?

Transudates and exudates

5

Are transudates usually unilateral or bilateral?

Bilateral

6

How much liquid is required before a pleural effusion is present on a CXR?

200 ml

7

Why do you never biopsy up?

As you may hit an intercostal vein artery or nerve (VAN)

8

If there remains to be no diagnosis after a biopsy for pleural disease, what do you need to do?

A thoracoscopy

9

What is the definition of a pneumothorax?

Presence of air within the pleural cavity

10

What is a tension pneumothorax?

A hole in the surface of the lung, and a flap of lung has formed over it

11

What is regarded as a small pneumothorax?

Rim of air under 2cm

12

Where is an intercostal chest drain inserted into?

4th intercostal space, mid-axillary line

13

Which type of pressure pushes fluid out of the visceral pleura?

Pulmonary arterial pressure

14

Does the pleura extend beyond the first rib?

Yes

15

What are the two classes of pleural effusion?

Transudates and exudates

16

Are transudates usually unilateral or bilateral?

Bilateral

17

How much liquid is required before a pleural effusion is present on a CXR?

200 ml

18

A transudate usually has a pleural protein of how much?

Under 25 g/l

19

Why do you never biopsy up?

As you may hit an intercostal vein artery or nerve (VAN)

20

If there remains to be no diagnosis after a biopsy for pleural disease, what do you need to do?

A thoracoscopy

21

What is the definition of a pneumothorax?

Presence of air within the pleural cavity