Flashcards in Tuberculosis Deck (24):
Of 1.3 million TB deaths worldwide annually, how many of these individuals are also HIV+?
Where are most of the UK's cases of TB found?
What is the name of the responsible organism of TB?
What are the two types of mycobacteria that cause TB?
What is the thick cell wall of the mycobacteria made of?
Why is it unlikely to catch TB from outdoor bacteria?
As the outdoor mycobacteria is eliminated by UV radiation and infinite dilution
How is mycobacterium bovis transmitted?
Consumption of infected cows' milk
How is the transmission of M. bovis being solved?
What types of macrophages are the only ones that can cause destruction of mycobacteria?
What type of cells can activates macrophages?
T-helper 1 cells
What does the accumulation of macrophages, epitheloid and Langhan's cells lead to?
How does mycobacteria spread?
What is a primary complex of TB?
Initial lesion and a local lymph node
What are the 3 outcomes of primary infection of TB?
Progression of the disease
Cleared or cured
An enlarged hilar lymph compressing the bronchi can lead to what?
A lobar collapse
What are the 2 main ways in which post primary disease occurs?
Reactivation of the mycobacterium from latent primary infection
New re-infection from different source
What things under a past medical history can give greater chance of a post primary pulmonary TB?
What signs are there for more advanced post primary TB?
If a sputum test comes back negative for TB, what should be done next?
A CT scan of the thorax
Why are the surgical techniques to remove TB becoming more prevalent?
Due to increased resistance of TB
What is essential in modern treatment of TB?
Multiple drug therapy
How long should therapy of drugs be done for?
What are the names of the 4 drugs that are taken for 2 months?