Flashcards in CNS herbs Deck (18)
Which CNS herbs are toxic and should be avoided completely?
Aconite, Datura, Gelsimium, and maybe Piscidia
Which CNS herbs have anticholinergic effects?
Belladonna (contains atropine)
Hyoscamus (muscarinic receptors only)
Which CNS herbs are cholinesterase inhibitors?
Bacopa (use for ADHD, memory; safe)
Gelsemium (toxic, don't use)
Which herb is not safe for people with celiac disease and may inhibit absorption of statins?
Avena sativa (its an oat, in the grass family)
Which herb is a safe sedative for children?
Escholtzia California (California poppy)
However it has potential to be addictive.
It can also inhibit the action of antidepressants
Which herb is used for opioid and nicotine withdrawal?
Which herbs are used for menopause, menses, etc?
Humulus lupus inhibits menopuase
Pulsatilla regulates menstruation
Which herb can speed the healing of gastric ulcers, and support heart health, but also can decrease absorption of other drugs?
Its a sedative, and can potentiate other sedatives
Which herb is used for nerve pain, and what are the side effects?
Hypericum (St. John's wort)
Can cause serotonin syndrome when used with SSRIs.
Has an action like SSRIs, MAOIs, or benzos. Can be used to wean off MAOIs.
*** Induces CYP 450 3A4
Which herb is a nervine and hypotensive?
Potentiates SSRIs, MAOIs, sedatives
Which herb is a selective COX 2 inhibitor which is used as a sedative and for nerve pain?
Piper (kava kava)
Don't use in depression
Piper and Hypericum are both used for nerve pain, but Hypericum will support depression which Piper will worsen it
Which herb increases stamina, longevity, and improves altitude sickness?
It is safe except for bipolar disorder- it can cause mania
Which herb supports nervousness and twitching but can cause tremors?
(there is also another Scutellilaria)
(Take it now and you will feel calm LATER)
Which herb inhibits prostaglandins, but not COX, and what are the drug interactions?
Tanacetum. Used for migraine prevention.
Potentiates anti-coagulants and opioids.
Which herb prevents breakdown of GABA?
Hard on the liver, don't use in liver disease or with other herbs or drugs which are hepatotoxic
Which herb is anti-cancer and prevents dental caries?
Don't use in most organ disease, or with anticoagulants
Causes constipation and diarrhea
What are the symptoms of anticholinergic overdose?
Occurs with herbs that have atropine or scopolamine in them:
Hyoscamus (muscarinic only)
Hyperthermia, red face, dry mucus membranes, mydriasis, blurry vision, delirium, seizures, coma, death
"Hot as a hare, red as a beet, dry as a bone, blind as a bat, mad as a hatter"