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Alisha's NPLEX II Review > Skin Herbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Herbs Deck (13)
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Aesculus hippocastanum

Horse chestnut. Astringent, vasoconstrictor and venous tonic.

Used for hemorrhoids, pruritus ani, varicose veins, DVT, edema, etc. Topically OR internally.

Unprocessed, it's highly toxic- must process to use. Don't inject via IM (hepatitis, renal failure). Don't use in high dosage.


Calendula officinalis

ASTER. Promotes formulation of granulation tissue to speed healing.

Internally for PUD, or externally for wounds, acne, burns, lacerations during delivery.

Don't use on extremely deep wounds. Too much use may cause skin irritation.


Which of the skin herbs are asters?

Calendula, Cineraria


Cineraria maritima

ASTER. Has PAs!! (pyrrolizidine alkaloids). Topical application for cataracts.

Do NOT take internally, use in combination with hepatotoxic herbs. Can cause hepatic-veno-occlusive disease, hepatic failure, and death.


Euphrasia officinalis

Astringent, vasoconstrictor, AI, and anti-catarrhal.

Used topically for allergies, conjunctivitis, sinusitis, blehpharitis, hordeolum, eye trauma.


Hamamelis virginiana

Witch hazel. Topical use as an astringent in hemorrhoids, bruises, and varicose veins.

Tannins mean don't eat it. Eating a lot -> increased risk of esophageal cancer. May reduce drug absorption when taken with drugs.


Salvia officinalis

Sage. Astringent, antimicrobial, carminative, and AI.

Can gargle with EO for gingivitis, pharyngitis. Compress for wounds. Internally for dyspepsia.

Avoid in pregnancy and lactation- abortifaciant, stops the production of breast milk. Avoid large doses- will cause seizures.


Sambucus nigra

Flower: colds, flu, sinusitis, URI
*Leaf: topically for bruises, sprains*
Berry: joints


Symphytum officinale

Comfrey. Astringent, demulcent, expectorant.

Use topically for wounds, dermatitis, bruises, gingivitis.
Use internally for cough, PUD, UTI, URI

**Contains PAs!!** Side effects include HVOD, hepatotoxicity, and death. Illegal in Canada.


Trifolium pratense

Red clover.

Use for eczema, psoriasis, URIS, CA.

Phytoestrogen, so avoid in estrogen+ BRCA and bleeding disorders. May potentiate anti-coagulants.


Vaccinium myrtillus

Blueberry. AO, astringent, venous tonic, anti-diarrhea, hypoglycemic.

Leaf: diarrhea, UTI, DM, externally for burns and ulcers

Fruit: diarrhea, retinopathies (decreases vascular permeability in the retina!), varicose veins, mouth stuff (you can put blueberries in your eyes!)

Avoid long-term usage; can damage the kidneys and liver

Potentiates insulin. Tannins, which can prevent absorption of other drugs when used simultaneously.


Contraindications and major side effects of the skin herbs?

Asters: Cinernaria and Calendula
PAs: Cineraria and Symphytum

Unprocessed fruit of Aesculus is toxic (chestnut)
Vaccinium will damage liver, kidneys with long-term use
Trifolium is phytoestrogenic, so avoid in bleeding disorders and E+ BRCA

Sage is an abortifacient


Unsaturated PAs vs saturated PAs

Unsaturated (TOXIC!): Cineraria, Symphytum

Saturated: Echinacea, Eupatorium, Inula, Tussilage