Flashcards in Hemostatic & Hepatic Herbs Deck (20)
Achilliea millifollium (yarrow)
Topically: burns, wounds, ulcers
Internally: GI complaints (increases motility), URIs, HMB, hemorrhoids
Don't use in patients who have GERD or PUD, gravid, Gb dz
Inhibits PPIs and absorption of all drugs by speeding motility
Tx for PMS, epistaxis, wounds, burns.
Avoid in gravid (abortifacient).
May potentiate anticoagulants.
Astringent and hemostyptic.
Tx for bleeding ulcers, hemorrhoids, wounds, HMB
Contains tannins- prevents Fe+ absorption, maybe other drugs too
What are the three hemostyptic herbs?
Achillia (bitter; inhibits PPIs, abortifacient)
Capsella (AAA: Astringent; inhibits Anti-coagulants, Abortifacient)
Geranium (astringent; tx for PUD, hemorrhoids, etc)
Oregon grape (root). Hepatoprotective, cholagogue, bitter.
Tx for skin disease like mastitis, acne, candida.
Tx for poor digestion, but avoid in GERD, GB infxn, gravid, gastritis, active PUD. Effective against H pylori.
Inhibits PPIs, can cause vaginal dysbiosis. Side effects include NV, hypotension, heart failure
Barberry (fruit, root). Bitter, cholagogue, choleretic, antimicrobial.
Tx for poor digestion, gastritis, gallstones and H. pylori. Avoid in GERD, GB infxn, active PUD.
Inhibits PPIs, potentiates barbiturates.
Greater Celandine. Bitter, cholagogue & choleretic (increases bile), antimicrobial, antiviral (HPV), antitussive.
Tx: topically for warts, eczema.
Internally for asthma, pertussis; prevents gallstones
Avoid in pregnancy. Side effects at high doses are rare, but could include NV, coma and death
Tx for skin conditions, wounds, jaundice, HM, gallstones.
Like most liver herbs, don't use in cases of acute inflammation or infection (hepatitis, biliary obstruction, cholelithiasis, bilirubin issues)
Hepatoprotective, cholagogue, AI, antitumor, antibacterial, antiplatelet.
This one CAN be used in acute hepatitis, and other inflammatory conditions like IBS, OA, RA, skin disorders.
Anti-platelet; can prevent MI and stroke; but potentiates other anti-coagulants
Abortifacient, don't use with hyperchlorhydria
Safe, but may cause stomach ache
Artichoke. Bitter, dyslipidemic.
Tx for poor digestion and dyslipidemia.
Same contraindications as all bitters (GERD, PUD, gastritis).
ASTER: can be allergic to it
Which hemostatic and hepatic herbs are asters?
Silybum (milk thistle)
Which hepatic herbs are choleretic (stimulate bile)?
Goldenseal. Bitter, choleretic, antimicrobial, "king of the mucus membranes"
Tx for poor digestion, catarrh on mm, infections, adjunctive in chemo.
Side effects: dysbiosis, replaces bilirubin in albumin, GI sx, heart sx, hallucinations
Don't use in gravid, GERD
Inhibits anti-coagulants, B vitamin absorption, paclitaxel (chemo drug)
Potentiates DM drugs, barbiturates
Tx for poor digestion.
This CAN be used in heptatitis and cholecystitis.
Avoid in GERD, PUD.
Which herbs can be used in acute infection of the liver and GB (hepatitis, cholecystitis)?
Milk thistle. Hepatorestorative, cholagogue, AI.
modifies hepatocyte membranes to block entrance of toxins. Inhibits LT formation (antioxidant) and ROS. Increases glutathione. Increases regenerative ability through effects on RNA.
Tx for cirrhosis, fibrosis, toxic liver damage.
ASTER. protects against toxicity from acetaminophen, chemo drugs, drugs that damage the kidneys.
Potentiates doxorubicin (chemo drug).
Leaf: bitter, antiviral, choleretic; use for UTI, stones, topically for warts
Root: bitter, hepatoprotective, AI; use for poor digestion
Avoid in GERD, gravid. Inhibits PPIs, potentiates lithium, DM drugs
Reduces B vitamin absorption, absorption of all drugs due to increase in motility
Major contraindications of hepatic drugs?
Inhibits PPIs (Berberis aquifolium, Berberis vulgaris, Taraxacum)
Inhibits anti-coagulants (Curcuma, Hydrastis)
Interferes with chemo drugs (Hydrastis, Silybum, Taraxacum)
Herbs with the most interactions: Hydrastis, Taraxacum
Which liver herb is hypolipidemic?
Which one is antiviral and can be used topically to treat warts?