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Alisha's NPLEX II Review > Shotgun: Random questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Shotgun: Random questions Deck (72)
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1

What age group does RSV occur in

Infants ONLY

2

Cheilosis is caused by deficiency of what vitamin?

B2

3

Heterophile antibody test is another name for what?

monospot

4

What herb causes a whole-body rash like the measles

Lomatium

5

HIV infection- herbs to tx?

PHEL
Panax, Hypericum, Echinacea, Licorice

6

Low level light therapy, sine wave, US- uses

LLLT- RA
Cold laser: arthritis

Sine wave- spasms

Microcurrent: tissue healing after injury

US: fibrotic tissue, adhesions, plantar fasciitis, CTS

Electroacupuncture: CTS

PABA iontophoresis: Sclerosis (like scleroderma)

7

Tx for fibromyalgia

5HTP, cyclobenzaprine

8

Heberdens vs Hogarths vs sausage digits vs Boutonierres

Heberdens: OA
Hogarths: RA
Sausage digits: PA
Boutonerres also occurs in RA

9

Ddx for quick-onset weakness

Guillain-Barre: Ascending (Dx: lumbar puncture)

Myasthenia gravis: fluctuating (Dx: tensilon test)

Tetanus: descending spastic w paralysis of the facial nerve. Can also be random pattern

Botulism: descending flaccid

10

Sulfsalazine can cause a deficiency of which of the B vitamins?

folate

11

What type of imaging can differentiate between UC, Crohn's and CRC?

Barium enema with radiograph

12

Interstitial lung disease is a risk in which AI disorder?

Sjogren's

13

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis is a risk in which AI disorder?

SLE

14

Tx for Sjogren's

Methotrexate

15

Tests and tx in FUO?

CBC
No empirical tx as it can mask symptoms

16

Most common CA in children, and sx

ALL
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Sx: low RBCs, low platelets, leukocytosis and lymphoblasts

17

How to diagnose menopause? Treatment?

Elevated FSH
Prozac and Gabapentin to reduce physical and mood symptoms

18

How to work up post-menopausal uterine bleeding?

TVUS, cervical cytology and endometrial biopsy

19

Most common leukemia in adults?

CLL. Increased WBCs in CBC first indicator.

20

Beta-carotene should not be given to what people group?

Smokers. Increases risk of cancer.

21

How to diagnose endometriosis? Natural tx?

Laparoscopy

Flax seeds- phytoestrogenic
Angelica sinensis

22

Estrogens and progesterone go through which CYP?

3A4

23

How do you diagnose ovarian CA

Laparatomy, CA 125 as a marker, most common in women >60

24

How to treat pyelonephritis?

Bactrim or ciprofloxacin (in pt allergic to penicillins or sulfa drugs)

Arctostaphylis can be used, but urine needs to be alkaline. Use baking soda

25

LH:FSH ratio normally and in PCOS
Tx for PCOS

1:1 normal
3:1 in PCOS

low-glycemic index foods
Serenoa to prevent androgens

26

Fungal infections of the lungs

Histomycosis (lung sx)
Blastomycosis (lung sx, skin growths)
Fungal infection from the Mississippi River area

Histoplasmosis: mold from Mississippi: fever, cough, myalgia from bat and bird poop

Cryptosporidiosis: parasite

Coccididomycosis: valley fever, erythema nodosum, also a fungus

27

Symptoms must be present for how long in PTSD for diagnosis

>1 month

28

Dx and tx of prostate cancer

Dx: free PSA

Tx: leuprolide or goserelin, GnRH inhibitors, prevent formation of testosterone. major side effects include hot flashes, can treat with increased soy in the diet or Salvia.

Can also use Tamulosin, an alpha blocker; side effects include dizziness

29

How to dx urethritis in a male?

NAAT test in urine

30

Clear penile discharge suggests what kind of urethritis?

Chlamydia. Tx: Doxycycline

Gonorrhea is usually purulent d/c. Tx: ceftriaxone + azithromycin