Cardio Herbs + generals Flashcards Preview

Alisha's NPLEX II Review > Cardio Herbs + generals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardio Herbs + generals Deck (21)
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1

Treatment of choice for Graves disease

beta-blockers

2

Treatment of choice for CHF

carvediol (non selective beta-blocker) and furosemide (diuretic)

3

Endocarditis treatment

Clindamycin

(however, side effects from this Abx include pseudomembranous colitis with C difficile, liver injury and thrombocytopenia)

4

Give oxygen is pulse ox falls below what number

88%

5

Decreases T aggregation, inhibits COX
Decreases blood sugar
Goitrogen, interferes with blood thinners and DM drugs

Allium cepa
Onion

6

Increases HDL and decreases LDL
Prevents MI, stroke
Antimicrobial
Interacts with anticoagulants

Allium sativa
Garlic

7

Decreases T aggregation and substance P
Decreases cholesterol

Capsicum

8

cAMP
HTN
Vasodilator
Don't use with other heart drugs, NSAIDs, or PPIs

Coleus

9

Decreases LDL
Decreases OA pain
Acne
3A4 inducer

Commiphora

10

Vasodilator
Bronchodilator
Ionotrope
CAMP (similar to Coleus)
Don't use with heart drugs, NSAIDs, PPIs

Corydalis

11

Decreases LDL and HTN
Cardiac tonic/nutritive for the heart
Don't use with other heart meds

Craetagus

12

CHF, arrthmia, drug intoxication
Very narrow therapeutic range
Avoid with steroids, hypokalemic drugs, licorice, etc

Digitalis
*glycosides

13

Inhibits T aggregation via PAF
Increases blood flow
Good for memory

Gingko

14

Vasodilator
Smooth muscle relaxant
Hypotensive
Diuretic, but can cause constipation
High doses can cause migraines

Theobroma cacao

15

Glycosides
Good for menopause, nervousness, and the heart

Leonorus (motherwort)

16

Normal saline

0.9%

0.45% is hypotonic and best for volume depletion due to dehydration

17

Three herbs with glycosides

Digitalis
Convellaria
Leonorus
**Veratrum (TOXIC)

18

Contains tyramine and acts like a glycoside
Good for most heart complaints
Interacts with MAOIs

Selenicereous grandifloras

19

Glycosides
Very toxic
Take to ER

Veratrum

20

Circulator stimulant
Hypotensive
TBI
Side effects: flushing
Used in chemo tx

Vinca

21

Hypotensive
Cerebral circulatory stimulant
Anti-cancer when injected

VIscum