Colonial & Barouque Flashcards Preview

American Fine Arts 1650-1860 > Colonial & Barouque > Flashcards

Flashcards in Colonial & Barouque Deck (11)
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Augustine Clement,

1664→ Dr. John Clarke

First American painting


1670→ Elizabeth Paddy Wensley

  • flower symbolizing fertility and innocents
  • Flatness, liney
  • Compare command of textile vs other paintings


1670→ Freake-Gibbs Painting/Limner 

(Painted the whole family)/

  • Alberti’s lines perspective, would not have read Alberti but would have been aware of this method of composing pictures
  • → Elizabeth Freake and baby Mary (Redone to add baby)


Capt. Thomas Smith,

Major Thomas Savage


  • Attributes and background tell
  • you what he worked with. Baroque composition


Peter Pelham,

1727 → Cotton Mater print.

Maybe first print in Am., did prints of Smibert’s paintings)



John Smibert

1728→ The Bermuda Group

  • Wainwright was the patron, Berkeley was the minister and idea man→ wanted to create a religious school in the Caribbean to minister to indigenous peoples there, Western Civilization
  • Looks back to Classical styles. made up background with columns.
  • First group portrait known in the colonies
  • This becomes a model which artists in the colonies will continuously copy



ROBERT FEKE→ 1741-1751

  • Born in Oyster Bay, LI-Works in Newport
  • Stylistically flat and pastel
  • SUPER GOOD AT FABRICS-- people wanted to show their wealth because of textile rarity


Robert Feke

1741 - Isaac Royall and His Family

  • inspired by Smibert’s Bermuda group
  • 4 adults 1 child
  • Family from Newport
  • Self taught painter
  • Has studied Smibert’s Bermuda group
  • Turkey carpet
  • Feke→ does not accomplish the transversal gazes of Smibert, Feke’s figures are stiff and waxlike


John Greenwood,

1747→ Greenwood Lee Family

  • Another attempt to copy the Bermuda group in formation
  • Queen Anne (English) chair and no turkey work has a turkish hat on (turkery)
  • Shows idea of furniture as something of wealth
  • No unrealistic background
  • A network of artists and they all know who was doing what where
  • Gazes have changed from Smiberts, interacting with each other through gazes


Robert Feke,

Portrait of a Woman, 1748


Jeremiah Theus,

1757→ Elizabeth Wragg Manigault

  • This is representational of Southern portraiture
  • Charleston society
  • Fabrics are still important in their placement and depiction in portraits as they still work to show wealth