Sculpture Flashcards Preview

American Fine Arts 1650-1860 > Sculpture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sculpture Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

Charlestown stone cutter, Boston, 1678

- mannerist style

-symbol of death

-hourgass = your time is counted

2

Patience Lovell Wright, 1725-86

- the first sculptor in America - Woman

- does wax sculpture

-move to England because the market is better

-Widdow at 44, she then start sculpting

- No formal training

- Works as a spy for Benjamin Franklin

Admineral Richard Howe 1770, wax

3

William Rush 1756-1833

- Learned to carve from his father who was a ship carver

- starts off carving boat parts

- Helps Rembrandt Peale found Coulumbiana

- Re-invent himself. Start working as a sculting professor & works in caramics and terracotta

Self portrait 1822

4

William Rush

Eagel 1809-11

-Iron on wood

- For st. Johns Church

5

William Rush

Dr. Phillip Syng 1812

- From a series of busts including state figures of Philladelphia

6

William Rush

Andrew Jackson 1819

7

William Rush

Nymph & Bittern 1812/1854

- was at first a fountain

8

William Rush

The Schuykill Freed 1828

- wood = hard to depict/sulpt water in wood

- All his sculpture have holes as eyes

9

Jean Antoinet Houdon

Washington 1788

- French sculptor

- most resembling of Washington

-walking stick= the gentleman farmer

- the ability to walk away from power

- Column, roman story

10

Jean Antoine Houdon

George Washington, 1785-89

11

Giuseppe Ceracchi

Washington 1794

- Italian sculptor in America

- very roman portrait

12

Giuseppe Ceracchi

Minerva as Patroness of American Liberty, ca. 1791-1792

13

Horatio Greenough,

Medora, 1832

14

Horatio Greenough

- Learns to carve from local stone cutter

- Goes to Hardward, meets Washignton Allston and become “best friends”

- neocalsssical instyle

- whole career in Italy

Bust of Washington 1832

15

Horatio Greenough

Washington 1832-40

-barebusted in a robe - Roman imperial

-offering a sword. & holding lighting

16

Horatio Greenough

The Rescue 1837-51

- Made for East side of U.S capotil

- rasist/discrimination

- most people hated this

17

Horatio Greenough

Venus Victrix 1837-41

18

Hiram Powers 1805-1873

Horatio Greenough

- Born in Vermont, moved to Ohio

- Trained in europé. Trained in italy -1837, settles in Florence

- Moved from portrait to sculpture

-works in clay. Someone else does the sone carving. 

19

Hiriam Powers

The Greek Slave 1851

- Cultural phenomena

- Toured the country

- Not about modern slavery. She was chained by the turks.

- Religious mythology. Only thing that can save her in Christianity

20

Hiriam Powers

California 1850-55

- Version of Greek Slave (only way to show nudity)

- First american sculpture in the MET

- Quarts/gold crystals = symbolized mineral wealth, and is stabalizing the sculpture

- holds a thorn = “all is not gold that glitters”

21

Thomas Crawford

Orpeus and Cerberus 1843

22

Thomas Crawford

Progress of civilization 1851-63

- Senate pediment, US capotil Washington DC

- inspired by figures on greek temple “temple of aphaia 500-190BCE

23

Erastus Dow Palmer

Indian girl/the dawn of Christianity 1853-56

- holding a cross. Makes it ok to sow her naked

- idealized contrapasto posture

24

Erastus Dow Palmer

White Capive 1857

-similar to greek slave, but exposes everything