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Flashcards in FINAL Fine Arts Deck (127)
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1

John Singleton Copley

1778→ Watson and the Shark

  • Watson had stake in the tea that would famously be thrown overboard during the Boston Tea Party
  • Like West’s Gen. Wolfe, shows a recent history event but instead of being a well known figure like wolfe, Watson was a relatively unknown man with no real prominence (step further)
  • Shows people in contemporary dress
  • Savanah harbour background
  • Sculptural representation of Watson- Classical references can be made to the figure.
  • Prometheus story much more plausible- reflective of strength of human will and agency as a defining factor for determining success
  • Figures arranges to strengthen the composition.

2

Thomas Cole

Course of Empire

Pastoral stage 1834-36

  • shepard. old vs. young. ruins. stone on mountains=god, cultivation of land
  • settled land. pre urban ancient greece

 

3

Charles Wilson Peale

Washington as Colonel in the Virginia Regiment 1772

- Peale was a natural chice due to his previous service in the militery

- first painting of Washington

4

Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountains Landers Peak

1863

  • Not as metrically painted as church. You cannot tell each tree
  • An extreme and dramatic proportion of nature
  • Compositionally he is not as intuitive as Church
  • Natives and their artifacts in the front. Major focal point in the center. You are drawn back and forth between the foreground and the background

5

John Wesley Jarvis

Andrew Jackson 1819 (president 1829-37)

6

William Sidney Mount

William Sidney Mount 1807-68

- First 2nf generation genre painter

- Born Long island

- “comic painter of american life”

- Added political and moral tones to his art -issues of race and identity

Genre paitnings= quick and easy to read

7

JOHN FREDERICK KENSETT

JOHN FREDERICK KENSETT

1816-72

(active late 1850s)

  • Begun his career as a engraver
  • Goes to Europe with Durand…
  • Returns to America 1847
  • Silvery, misty, sparkley
  • Known for his lake George scenes
  • Meditative contemplative relationship with nature

8

John Krimmel

Forth of July Center Square, Philadelphia 1810-12

- an image of different people types Male dandies, young women in fashionable dresses, African American, qakers The types are still grouped

- Water sanitation building

- Sculpture “Nymph and Bittern, 1812”  William Rush

-Hogarth - satire “the line of beauty. lived in 1740s. English rococo. H is still a major influence.

- enlongated figures

- civic space was a new thing

9

JOHN FREDERICK KENSETT

1855 → Bash Bish Falls

10

Jean Antoine Houdon

George Washington, 1785-89

11

Horatio Greenough

Washington 1832-40

-barebusted in a robe - Roman imperial

-offering a sword. & holding lighting

12

Benjamin West

1770→ Death of General Wolfe

  • Shows recent history as a history painting
  • Contemporary clothes
  • Risky from English standpoint, Wolfe dies in Christ like position. Religious composition= universal understanding of the theme.
  • Ground stops while battle rages on
  • Shows North American because of Native American representation
  • Reynolds claimed it was inappropriate because men were wearing modern clothes
  • 7 Years War depiction
  • As a result of this painting, West becomes history painter to King and plays off idea that he is Mr. America ;-) Seen as charming
  • Because of the negative reaction from this painting, West didn’t do the Revolutionary War paintings (Trumbull did)

13

Charles Bird King

The poor artist cupboard, 1815

  • - Tromp l’oeil - to fool the eye
  • - details and symbolism
  • - paper in corner talks about an artist estate= all he owned was his paintings
  • - full of little notes that realte to an artist and poverty
  • - living off of bread and water
  • Top left corner, sheriff's sale list which represents that all he owns are his paintings
  • conflicting wealth and poverty
  • Cut glass/ crystal, in the forefront: Is he mocking other artists who were successful or is he representing his own life as a poverty stricken artist

14

Thomas Cole

1801-48

active 1830-40s

- Born in England. Comes to US in 1818

- 1st generation Hudson River School HRS

- Framing elements

- NYC generated attention from William Dunlauo, Asher Durand, John Trumbull,

- Luman Reed - a patron of HRS

- wilderness vs civilization -> industriualisation

- no specific depiction of trees

15

Hiram Powers

Hiram Powers 

1805-1873

- Born in Vermont, moved to Ohio

- Trained in europé. Trained in italy -1837, settles in Florence

- Moved from portrait to sculpture

-works in clay. Someone else does the sone carving. 

16

Thomas Cole

Course of Empire

 Consummation of Empire stage 1834-36

  • mighty civilization
  • the man made is crowding out the natural divine

17

Raphaelle Peale

Venus rising from the sea - a depiction (After the bath), 1823

- To fool you thath behind the cloth is a naked woman print

- one has done x-ray and found a painting of the artist. Just as his fathers museum painting. The painting si a copy of a portrait his father did of him.

18

Ralph Earl 1751-1801 

- Studies with West. elected to royal academy

- moves to connecticut

- changes from high style english to more conservative naive style, because his clients wanted it Ralph Earl

Elijah Boardman 1789

- aristocratic high style.

- Full length = expensive = wealth

- fabrics in background = made his wealth from importing fabrics

- books = educated

- accountbooks/feather pen = business

19

John Vanderlyn

The death of Jane McCrae 1804

- Neoclassical/Rainaissance rticulation of musclature

- emphasis on the figures in the foreground

- dramatic lighting

- Her lover in the distance, too late

- was one of the rotunda pictures

- resemles postures in David's "The Lictors Bring Brutus the Bodies of His Sons"

20

JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY

JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY

Born 1738

  • Born in Boston
  • 1774 he goes to England after talking to West for 9 years.
  • Early portraits typical American (shadows on face)- Later/after England neoclassica

21

Gilbert Stuart,

George Washington, 1795

- Vaughn - facing right

22

1670→ Elizabeth Paddy Wensley

  • flower symbolizing fertility and innocents
  • Flatness, liney
  • Compare command of textile vs other paintings

23

JOHN FREDERICK KENSETT

1855 → Bash Bish Falls

24

Thomas Cole

1840 Voyage of life

Childhood Dawn. Emerging from a cave

Youth You are ready to go on your own

Manhood Praying on a boat. The angle is far away

Old age The angle had come back. And drags you to the light (life is over). The water I calm again.

25

Gilbert Stuart

The Skater/William Grant, 1782

- William Grant is the figure

- shows dynamic/motion =new style

- the portrayed is part of the surrounding, new with outdoors

- a real/existing background / Memorable location

- upper body still in sitter pose

- monocromatic=the actual color of a winter day

26

Frederick Church

1860→ Twilight in the Wilderness--

  • SUBLIME SKY
  • During the civil war – others were thinking of it as the twilight of society
  • Also referred to as - Worshipping at the alter of nature
  • The introduction of chromium colors made it possivle to paint the sunset

27

ROBERT FEKE

ROBERT FEKE→ 1741-1751

  • Born in Oyster Bay, LI-Works in Newport
  • Stylistically flat and pastel
  • SUPER GOOD AT FABRICS-- people wanted to show their wealth because of textile rarity

28

ASHER B. DURAND

ASHER B. DURAND

1796-1886

  • Patron and contemporary of Cole (1835)

  • Leading landscape painter after Cole’s death

  • more specific depiction of trees

  • The beauty of nature. Create a mood with nature

  • Plays with the contrast of cultivated and wild

29

Ralph Earl,

Daniel Boardman, 1789

 

- Stans before his landownings in Gainbough, Connecticut

30

ASHER B. DURAND

ASHER B. DURAND

1796-1886

  • Patron and contemporary of Cole (1835)

  • Leading landscape painter after Cole’s death

  • more specific depiction of trees

  • The beauty of nature. Create a mood with nature

  • Plays with the contrast of cultivated and wild