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American Fine Arts 1650-1860 > American Portraiture > Flashcards

Flashcards in American Portraiture Deck (20)
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1

Gilbert Stuart 1755-1828

Selfportrait 1778

- Born in Rohode Island

- 1775 England, 1777 with West

- the artist myth. Drinking, gambling

- active in Ireland 1787-93

- the best portrait painter of the time, and he enjoyed portraits

- He was talketive and funny. People enjoyed sitting for him

- really understand color & composition

 

Portraits of washington:

Vaughn - facing right

Antheneum - facing left, unfinished 

Lansdowne - facing left, standing, arm reaches out

 

2

Gilbert Stuart

The Skater/William Grant, 1782

- shows dynamic/motion =new style

- the portrayed is part of the surrounding

- a real/existing background

- upper body still in sitter pose

- monocromatic=the actual color of a winter day

3

Gilbert Stuart,

John Singleton Copley, 1784

4

Gilbert Stuart

Joshua Raynolds 1784

- Head of the Royal academy

5

Gilbert Stuart

John Frizgibbon, 1789-90

- Irish mayor as a royalty. To show off

6

Gilbert Stuart

Richard Yates 1793

- early federal style portrait

- informal, psychologically engaging

- business letters = literate

7

Gilbert Stuart,

Catherine Brass Yates, 1793-4

8

Gilbert Stuart

Washington 1795

- Vaughn - facing right

- no attire or extras = a federal man rather than royal

- focus on him, not the background

9

Gilbert Stuart,

George Washington, 1795

- Vaughn - facing right

10

Gilbert Stuart

Washington 1796

- Antheneaum

- Used on the dollar bill

- Saved the painting to produce more similar once

11

Gilbert Stuart

Washington 1796

- Lansdowne

- outreaching arm

-objects of material culture = wealth & educated

- ship = trade

- scrolls = the constitution

- inc feather = signing of independence

12

John Vanderlyn

George Washington, 1832

13

Ralph Earl 1751-1801 

- Studies with West. elected to royal academy

- moves to connecticut

- changes from high style english to more conservative naive style, because his clients wanted it Ralph Earl

Elijah Boardman 1789

- aristocratic high style.

- Full length = expensive = wealth

- fabrics in background = made his wealth from importing fabrics

- books = educated

- accountbooks/feather pen = business

14

Ralph Earl,

Daniel Boardman, 1789

 

- Stans before his landownings in Gainbough, Connecticut

15

Ralph Earl

Esther Boardman, 1789

16

Ralph Earl

Mrs. James Watson & Son, 1788

17

John Wesley Jarvis,

Mrs. Robert Dickey (Anne Brown), ca. 1807-10.

18

John Wesley Jarvis

Andrew Jackson 1819 (president 1829-37)

19

William Dunlap,

Self Portrait, ca. 1825

- Miniature, watercolor on ivory

- a pioneer of American theater

20