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Flashcards in Community Based Nursing Deck (31)
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1
Q

individuals adopting specific health programs such as weight reduction or smoking cessation; requires patients to be actively involved in measures to improve their present and future levels of wellness while decreasing the risk for disease

A

Active Strategies of Health Promotion

2
Q

care that takes place in community settings (outside traditional healthcare facilities) such as the home or a clinic where the focus is on the nursing care of the individual or family achieving a healthy living environment

A

Community-Based Nursing

3
Q

nursing care provided in the community, with the primary focus on the promotion/maintenance of health of individuals, families and groups in the community

A

Community Health Nursing

4
Q

model that describes the multidimensional nature of people as they interact within their environment to pursue health; focuses on 3 areas: (1) individual characteristics (2) behavior-specific cognitions & affect (3) behavioral outcomes; DIRECTED AT INCREASING A PATIENT’S LEVEL OF WELL-BEING

A

Health Promotion Model

5
Q

a system of family-centered care that allows patient to live and remain at home with comfort, independence & dignity while alleviating the strains caused by terminal illness

A

Hospice

6
Q

the rate of new cases of a disease in a specified population over a defined period of time; EX: new infections, adolescent pregnancy rates, teenage motor vehicle collisions

A

Incident Rates

7
Q

set of behaviors that ill people adopt influenced by sociocultural and social psychological factors; involves how people monitor their bodies and define/interpret their symptoms

A

Illness Behaviors

8
Q

activities such as immunization programs that protect patients from actual or potential threats to health

A

Illness Prevention

9
Q

model that explains the basic needs of patients and families, their behaviors, and their readiness to take part in health promotion activities

A

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

10
Q

individuals gaining from the activities of others without acting themselves; EX: flouride in drinking water

A

Passive Strategies of Health Promotion

11
Q

true prevention that precedes disease or dysfunction and applies to patients considered physically and emotionally healthy

A

Primary Prevention

12
Q

prevention that focuses on people who are experiencing health problems or illnesses and who are at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions

A

Secondary Prevention

13
Q

prevention that occurs when a defect or disability is permanent, irreversible and stabilized

A

Tertiary Prevention

14
Q

schools, physicians’ or health care providers’ offices, occupational health clinics, or nursing centers

A

Primary Care

15
Q

“community health nursing”…focuses on understanding the needs of a population or a collection of individuals who have in common one or more personal or environmental characteristics; EX: infants, older adults, Native Americans

A

Public Health Nursing

16
Q

any situation, habit, environmental condition, physiological condition or other variable that increases an individual’s or group’s vulnerability to an illness or accident; Types include: genetic/physiological factors, age, physical environment, & lifestyle

A

Risk Factor

17
Q

teaching people how to care for themselves in a healthy way including topics such as physical awareness, stress management and self-responsibility

A

Wellness Education

18
Q

groups of patients who are more likely to develop health problems as a result of excess risks, limited access to health care services, and dependency on others for care

A

Vulnerable Populations

19
Q

model of health that addresses the relationship between a person’s beliefs and behaviors

A

Health Belief Model

20
Q

model of health that attempts to meet the patient’s basic needs: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

A

Basic Human Needs Model

21
Q

model of health that focuses on emotional/spiritual well-being (a comprehensive view of a person as a biophysical and spiritual being)

A

Holistic Health Model

22
Q

Healthy People 2020 Goals

A

attain high-quality longer lives, achieve health equality, create social & physical environments that promote good health, promote quality of life across all life stages

23
Q

Internal Variables Influencing Health & Health Practices

A

Developmental Stage, Intellectual Background, Emotional Factors, Spiritual Factors

24
Q

External Variables Influencing Health & Health Practices

A

Family Practices, Socioeconomic Factors, Cultural Background

25
Q

Stages of Behavior Change

A

(1) Precontemplation (2) Contemplation (3) Preparation (4) Action (5) Maintenance

26
Q

Impact of Illness on Patient & Family

A

behavioral/emotional changes, body image impact, self-concept impact, family roles/dynamics impact

27
Q

Improved Delivery of Health Care Occurs How?

A

(1) Assessment of healthcare needs of individuals, families & communities (2) Development/Implementation of healthcare policies (3) Improved access to care

28
Q

activities directed toward identifying future proposed therapy and the need for additional resources before and after returning home

A

Discharge Planning

29
Q

a level of care that is designed to relieve or reduce intensity of uncomfortable symptoms but not to produce a cure…relies on comfort measures and use of alternative therapies to help individuals become more at peace at the end of life

A

Palliative Care

30
Q

objectives of the Healthy People 2020 campaign selected to communicate high-priority health issues and actions that can be taken to address them

A

Leading Health Indicators

31
Q

Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicators

A

Access to Healthcare Services, Clinical Preventative Strategies, Environment Quality, Injury & Violence, Maternal/Infant/Child Health, Mental Health, Nutrition/Physical Activity/Obesity, Oral Health, Reproductive/Sexual Health, Social Determinants, Substance Abuse, Tobacco