Genitourinary (GU) Flashcards Preview

Nursing Concepts > Genitourinary (GU) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genitourinary (GU) Deck (33)
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1
Q

absence of urine formation

A

Anuria

2
Q

life-threatening blood stream infection; organisms in the bloodstream

A

Bacteremia or Urosepsis

3
Q

bacteria in the urine

A

Bacteriuria

4
Q

irritation of the bladder

A

Cystitis

5
Q

excision of the urinary bladder or a part of it

A

Cystectomy

6
Q

increased rate of formation and excretion of urine

A

Diuresis

7
Q

an agent that increases urine output; increasing urine secretion

A

Diuretic

8
Q

burning or pain with urination

A

Dysuria

9
Q

involuntary discharge of urine after the age at which bladder control should have been established

A

Enuresis

10
Q

inability of a usually continent person to reach the toilet in time to avoid unintentional loss of urine

A

Functional Incontinence

11
Q

receptacle for volume measurement

A

Graduated Measuring Container

12
Q

blood in the urine

A

Hematuria

13
Q

involuntary delay in initiating urination

A

Hesitancy

14
Q

a method of diverting the urinary flow by transplanting the ureters in a prepared and isolated segment of ileum, which is sutured closed on one end with the other end connected to an opening in the abdominal wall

A

Ileal Conduit

15
Q

urination; the act of passing or expelling urine voluntarily through the urethra

A

Micturition

16
Q

toxic to and damaging of the kidney tissues

A

Nephrotoxic

17
Q

urinary output of less than 400 mL per day resulting in renal failure if not reversed

A

Oliguria

18
Q

urine that remains in the bladder after urination

A

Postvoid Residual

19
Q

excessive thirst, a symptom suggestive of dehydration, hyperglycemia or hypovolemia

A

Polydipsia

20
Q

excessive secretion and discharge of urine

A

Polyuria

21
Q

loss of proteins (such as albumin or globulins) in the urine; may be transient or may reflect severe underlying kidney or systemic illness

A

Proteinuria

22
Q

inflammation of the kidney & renal pelvis, usually due to a bacterial infection that has ascended from the urinary bladder

A

Pylonephritis

23
Q

volume of urine remaining in the bladder after a normal voiding; the bladder normally is almost completely empty after micturition

A

Residual Urine

24
Q

sudden leakage of urine with activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure

A

Stress Incontinence

25
Q

an opening in the abdominal wall

A

Stoma

26
Q

the mass of a substance compared with the mass of an equal volume of water

A

Specific Gravity

27
Q

a permanent urinary diversion created by transplanting the ureters into a closed-off portion of the intestinal ileum

A

Ureterostomy

28
Q

involuntary passage of urine occurring soon after a strong sense of urgency to void

A

Urge Incontinence

29
Q

intermittent or complete absence of ability to control loss of urine from the bladder

A

Urinary Incontinence

30
Q

a surgical procedure that diverts urine to the outside of the body through a stoma; constructed from a section of intestine to create a storage reservoir or conduit for urine

A

Urinary Diversion

31
Q

a measurement device attached between catheter drainage tubing & bag that measures hourly urine output

A

Urometer

32
Q

Factors Affecting Urinary Elimination

A

Growth & Development, Sociocultural Factors, Psychological, Personal Habits, Food/Fluid Intake, Medication, Muscle Tone, Pathological Conditions, Surgical/Diagnostic Procedures

33
Q

Common Causes of Urinary Problems

A

Urinary Retention, Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), Urinary Incontinence