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Nursing Concepts > Sensory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sensory Deck (22)
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1
Q

abnormal neurological condition in which language function is defective or absent; related to injury to the speech center in the cerebral cortex causing receptive or expressive aphasia

A

Aphasia

2
Q

a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system in which a person has difficulty using & controlling the muscles involved in when speaking

A

Dysarthria

3
Q

the sensation of movement or strain in the muscles, tendons & joints; muscle sense

A

Kinesthetic

4
Q

a continuum existing from fully awake, alert & cooperative to unresponsive to external stimuli

A

Level of Consciousness

5
Q

having harmful effect on the eighth cranial (auditory) nerve or the organs of hearing & balance

A

Ototoxic

6
Q

hearing loss associated with aging usually involving both loss of hearing sensitivity & reduction in clarity of speech

A

Presbycusis

7
Q

gradual decline in ability of the lens to accommodate or to focus on close objects; reduces ability to see near objects clearly (commonly develops with advancing age)

A

Presbyopia

8
Q

therapeutic modality for restoring an individual’s sense of the present

A

Reality Orientation

9
Q

system located in the upper brainstem containing special cells that maintain alertness & wakefulness; receives auditory, visual, pain & tactile sensory stimuli, activity from the cerebral cortex (emotions or thought processes)

A

Reticular Activating System (RAS)

10
Q

state in which stimulation to one or more of the senses is lacking resulting in impaired sensory perception

A

Sensory Deprivation

11
Q

state in which stimulation to one or more of the senses is so excessive that the brain disregards or does not meaningfully respond to stimulus

A

Sensory Overload

12
Q

nocturnal agitation in a patient with Alzheimer’s or dimentia

A

Sundown Syndrome

13
Q

abnormal condition of the upper eyelid in which it droops, caused by weakness in the levator muscle or paralysis of the 3rd cranial nerve

A

Ptosis

14
Q

drugs that constrict the pupil

A

Miotics

15
Q

drugs that dilate the pupil

A

Mydriatics

16
Q

receiving stimulus & data

A

Sensory Reception

17
Q

conscious organizing & translation of stimuli/data into meaning

A

Sensory Perception

18
Q

The 4 Conditions Necessary in Each Sensory Experience

A

STIMULUS (agent that can solicit response), RECEPTOR (sense organ that can convert stimuli), IMPULSE TO BRAIN (intact nerve pathway), & SENSATION (brain translates the experience)

19
Q

Factors Affecting Sensory Function

A

Developmental Stage, Culture & Environment, Personality & Lifestyle, Stress, Illness, Medication

20
Q

Patients At Risk for Altered Sensory Function

A

Nursing Home Patients, Isolated Healthcare Setting or Home Patients, Bed Rest Patients, Hospital Patients (overload)

21
Q

Nursing Interventions for Disturbed Sensory Perception

A

Keep Functional & Meaningful Environment, Stimulate the Senses

22
Q

Nursing Diagnoses for Sensory Alterations

A

Anxiety, Fear, Impaired Physical Motility, Hopelessness, Risk for Injury, Deficient Knowledge, Impaired Social Interaction, Bathing Self-Care Deficit, Risk for Falls