Proximate Causation is when you are negligent and your breach is the most direct cause of the damages to the patient.
The four levels of NREMT certification.
The four levels of NREMT certification are:
- EMR (Emergency Medical Responder)
- EMT (Emergency Medical Technician)
- AEMT (Advanced Emergency Medical Technician)
Three obvious signs of death.
Three obvious signs of death are:
- Dependent Lividity
- Rigor Mortis
Advance Directives include ________________.
DNRs (Do Not Resuscitate)
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) considers all patient information to be ______________?
Protected Health Information (PHI)
What legal aspect needs to be intact for a patient to refuse any form of treatment or transport?
The patient must be determined as competent meaning their decision-making capacity is intact.
The FCC (Federal Communications Commission) created the first EMT curriculum in the early 1970s.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) created the first EMT curriculum.
What was the original published name of the "White Paper"?
The "White Paper" was originally published as the Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society.
What does the "White Paper" allow for?
The NHTSA (National Highway Transportation Act) of the DOT (Department of Transportation) created the EMS Development Act which allowed for funding and development of EMS services
The three hierarchies of the National EMS Scope of Practice.
The three hierarchies of the EMS Scope of Practice are:
- Medical Direction
- State EMS Offices
- National EMS Scope of Practice Model
Which consent is applied when the patient is unconscious and unresponsive?
Quality Control and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) exist under which component of the EMS Agenda for the Future Components?
Quality Control and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) exist under the Evaluation component of the EMS Agenda for the Future Components.
The six bars of the Star of Life.
Star of Life:
- On-scene care
- Care in transit
- Transfer to definitive care
What is the EMTs' first and ongoing responsibility on every scene?
Stressors from work, home, family, and finances are examples of which type of stress?
What are the three types of stressors?
Acute, Delayed and Cumulative
Correct handwashing is the best way to resist infectious diseases.
Wash hands with warm water and soap for a minimum of 20 seconds.
What are the 5 stages of grief?
Five Stages of Grief in Response to Death and Dying
The spouse of the patient has just been informed that the patient has died, and they respond by slamming furniture and punching the wall.
Which stage of grief is the spouse demonstrating?
Bargaining will present first when someone is suffering one of the five stages of grief?
When a person processes death, there is no specific order. For instance: Someone that dies from a long-term illness and in extensive pain, the loved one(s) may respond with acceptance. Another person may respond with anger and be angry for a considerable time.
Who's signatures must be on a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) form?
- A doctor,
- the power of attorney for the patient,
- and/or the patient.
A patient care report (PCR) is protected by ______________?
HIPAA (Health Insurance Privacy and Accountability Act)
A Patient Care Report is also considered to be PHI (Protected Health Information).
Which seems to be the problem today?
Five special populations that would require additional considerations during communication.
Five special populations needing additional communication considerations are:
- Hearing Impaired
- Visually Impaired
- Language Barriers
Why does the National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) collect information from prehospital or patient care reports (PCR)?
Go to EMS Gov for additional research information
The five components of documentation using the CHART Method.
C - Chief Complaint/Complaining of
H - History of event/pertinent medical
A - Assessment
R - R (RX) treatment plan
T - Transport
Documentation of patient care provides for continuity of patient care and is a legal document.
The following is a list of information that is documented in what section of a patient care report (PCR)?
- Times of procedures
- Physical and patient historical findings
- Care provided
- Patient responses or changes
- Scene observations
- Patient disposition
- Refusal considerations
- Staff person(s) name that received patient
You have written incorrect information on a paper patient care report (PCR). What should you do?
Draw a single line through the error and write your initials next to it.
If information was accidentally not recorded on the patient care report (PCR), the EMT should submit a(n)_________.