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Flashcards in Component 1: Preliminary EMT Deck (72)
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1
Define

Proximate Causation 

 

 

 

Proximate Causation is when you are negligent and your breach is the most direct cause of the damages to the patient.

 

 

2
List:

The four levels of NREMT certification.

The four levels of NREMT certification are:

  • EMR (Emergency Medical Responder)
  • EMT (Emergency Medical Technician)
  • AEMT (Advanced Emergency Medical Technician)
  • Paramedic

3
List:

Three obvious signs of death.

Three obvious signs of death are:

  • Dependent Lividity 
  • Rigor Mortis
  • Putrefaction 

4
Fill in the blank

Advance Directives include ________________.

DNRs (Do Not Resuscitate)

5
Fill in the blank

HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) considers all patient information to be ______________?

Protected Health Information (PHI)

6

What legal aspect needs to be intact for a patient to refuse any form of treatment or transport?

The patient must be determined as competent meaning their decision-making capacity is intact. 

7
True or False:

The FCC (Federal Communications Commission) created the first EMT curriculum in the early 1970s. 

False

The Department of Transportation (DOT) created the first EMT curriculum. 

8

What was the original published name of the "White Paper"?

The "White Paper" was originally published as the Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society.

9

What does the "White Paper" allow for?

The NHTSA (National Highway Transportation Act) of the DOT (Department of Transportation) created the EMS Development Act which allowed for funding and development of EMS services

10
List:

The three hierarchies of the National EMS Scope of Practice.

The three hierarchies of the EMS Scope of Practice are: 

  • Medical Direction
  • State EMS Offices
  • National EMS Scope of Practice Model

11

Which consent is applied when the patient is unconscious and unresponsive?

Implied Consent 

12

Quality Control and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) exist under which component of the EMS Agenda for the Future Components? 

Evaluation

 

Quality Control and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) exist under the Evaluation component of the EMS Agenda for the Future Components.

13
List:

The six bars of the Star of Life.

Star of Life:

  • Detection
  • Reporting
  • Response
  • On-scene care
  • Care in transit
  • Transfer to definitive care

14

What is the EMTs' first and ongoing responsibility on every scene? 

Safety

15

Stressors from work, home, family, and finances are examples of which type of stress?

Cumulative

 

16

What are the three types of stressors?

Acute, Delayed and Cumulative

17
True or False

Correct handwashing is the best way to resist infectious diseases.

True

Wash hands with warm water and soap for a minimum of 20 seconds.

18

What are the 5 stages of grief?

Five Stages of Grief in Response to Death and Dying

  • Denial
  • Anger
  • Bargaining
  • Depression 
  • Acceptance      

19

The spouse of the patient has just been informed that the patient has died, and they respond by slamming furniture and punching the wall. 

Which stage of grief is the spouse demonstrating? 

Anger

20
True or False

Bargaining will present first when someone is suffering one of the five stages of grief?

False

When a person processes death, there is no specific order. For instance: Someone that dies from a long-term illness and in extensive pain, the loved one(s) may respond with acceptance. Another person may respond with anger and be angry for a considerable time. 

21

Who's signatures must be on a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) form?

  • A doctor,
  • the power of attorney for the patient,
  • and/or the patient. 

22
Fill in the blank

A patient care report (PCR) is protected by ______________?

HIPAA (Health Insurance Privacy and Accountability Act) 

 

A Patient Care Report is also considered to be PHI (Protected Health Information).

23
Open or Closed Communication

Which seems to be the problem today?

Open Communication

24
List:

Five special populations that would require additional considerations during communication.

Five special populations needing additional communication considerations are:

  • Elderly
  • Pediatric
  • Hearing Impaired
  • Visually Impaired
  • Language Barriers

25

Why does the National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) collect information from prehospital or patient care reports (PCR)?

Research

Go to EMS Gov for additional research information

26
List

The five components of documentation using the CHART Method.

​CHART 

C - Chief Complaint/Complaining of
H - History of event/pertinent medical
A - Assessment
R - R (RX) treatment plan
T - Transport

27
True or False

Documentation of patient care provides for continuity of patient care and is a legal document.

True

28

The following is a list of information that is documented in what section of a patient care report (PCR)?

  • Times of procedures
  • Physical and patient historical findings
  • Care provided
  • Patient responses or changes
  • Scene observations
  • Patient disposition
  • Refusal considerations 
  • Staff person(s) name that received patient

Narrative

29

You have written incorrect information on a paper patient care report (PCR). What should you do?

Draw a single line through the error and write your initials next to it.

30
Fill in the blank

If information was accidentally not recorded on the patient care report (PCR), the EMT should submit a(n)_________.

Addendum