Component 10: Additional EMS Functions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Component 10: Additional EMS Functions Deck (38)
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1

When driving an emergency vehicle, what are the responsibilities of a spotter?

A spotter is a person that assists the driver in backing up the emergency vehicle for backing safety.

2
Define:

Emergency Move

An emergency move is when the patient is moved because the scene is rapidly becoming unsafe, and is dragged or pulled to safety before any assessments or treatments can be provided.

3

How should a patient be moved onto a long spine board (LSB)?

A log roll is most appropriate. 

4
Describe:

Power Lift

A power lift is when lifting a stretcher or backboard, your hands are gripping with palms up, bodyweight is distributed equally between your feet, knees bent, back straight, and you extend up in the lift.

 

5

What two types of lifting/moving/packaging equipment are in the picture?

A scoop stretcher and spider straps.

6

What device is designed for the patient to be restrained while seated and moved up/down flights of stairs? 

Stair chair

7
True or False

When no spinal injuries are a concern when extricating a patient from a small inhibiting space, an extremity lift is acceptable. 

True

8

Where should the rescue be parked when providing a standby for a possible hazmat situation? 

Upwind, uphill.

9
Differentiate:

Simple access from complex access for vehicle extrication

Simple access: to open the doors to the vehicle

Complex access: requires pneumatic and/or hydraulic tools to gain access

10
True or False

Complex extrication is an EMT responsibility.

False

11
List:

Specialized rescue teams

Specialized Rescue Teams:

  • Technical Rescue Teams
  • Search and Rescue Teams
  • Swift Water Rescue Teams
  • Special Weapons and Tactical Teams (SWAT)
  • High Angle Rescue Teams
  • Hazardous Material Teams

12
Define:

Mass Casualty Incident (MCI)

MCI is when a minimum of 3 patients have overwhelmed personnel, equipment, and/or resources. 

13
True or False

The NIMS framework is implemented only for localized incidents.

False

NIMS = National Incident Management Systems coordinates multiple jurisdictions, responder disciplines, agencies, local, state, and federal agencies.

14
List:

 National Incident Management System (NIMS) components

NIMS Components:

  • Preparedness
  • Communication/information management
  • Resource management
  • Command management
  • Ongoing oversight management

 

15

What is the goal of the Incident Command System (ICS)? 

ICS is a guideline implemented during mass casualty incidents (MCIs) and/or disasters, but utilizing section chiefs. This process also minimizes freelancing of agencies or duplication of efforts.

16
List:

Components of the Incident Command System (ICS)

ICS Components:

  • Command
  • Finance
  • Logistics
  • Operations
  • Planning

17

Which of the Incident Command System (ICS) components would include the safety officer and the public information officer (PIO)?

Command 

18

What is the title of the person who directs, delegates, and plans a response to a mass casualty incident (MCI)?

Incident Commander (IC)

19

During a mass casualty incident (MCI), what are the responsibilities of the Triage Supervisor? 

The Triage Supervisor is responsible for prioritizing and sorting patients based on their injuries.

20
List:

What are the triage tag colors/categories from highest priority to lowest priority?

 

Triage Tags from Highest to Lowest Priority:

  1. Red tag
  2. Yellow tag
  3. Green tag
  4. Black tag

21
True or False

The first triage performed when responding to a mass casualty incident (MCI) includes extensive care and transportation immediately upon identifying a patient.

 

False

The first triage should be limited to sorting patients' critical priorities using the triage tags. 

22
True or False

Patients involved in a mass casualty incident (MCI) will be triaged more than once. 

True

 

Secondary triage or retriage will occur. 

23

What is your first action when you realize you and your partner have walked into a functioning meth lab, and why?

Leave the scene. Meth labs have toxic fumes and can combust causing explosions and/or fires.

 

24
True or False

The competent EMT is responsible for knowing every type of hazardous material and how to neutralize it. 

False

Becoming a HazMat team member or specialist require hours of specialized training and practice.

25
Describe:

 Flammable liquid placard

 

The flammable liquid placard is a diamond-shaped red placard with an image of flames.

 

 

 

 

26
Describe:

The image on toxic/hazardous materials placards

Skull and crossbones 

27
List:

Topics covered on the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and/or the Emergency Response Guide (ERG).

MSDS and ERG Topics:

  • Chemical names
  • Physical material characteristics
  • Signs/Symptoms of exposures
  • Routes of entry
  • Appropriate disposal
  • First aid
  • Handling precautions
  • Exposure limits

28

What are the three zones of a hazardous materials (HazMat) scene?

HazMat Scene:

  1. Hot Zone
  2. Warm Zone
  3. Cold Zone

29

In which hazardous material (HazMat) zone is the Incident Commander (IC) staged?

IC and the command center should be staged safely in the cold zone.

30

What is the EMTs' role on a hazardous materials (HazMat) scene? 

Report to a designated area in the cold zone and provide triage, care, transport, and/or rehabilitation for the HazMat team and responders.