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Flashcards in Component 2: Patient Assessment Deck (63)
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1

What is the term used when addressing newborns and what is their age grouping?

Newborns are commonly called neonates until they've aged to one month

2

What is the term used when addressing children aging from 1 month to 1 year or 12 months of age?

Infant(s)

3

What is the age grouping for toddlers

Toddlers range from 1 to 3 years of age.

4

What do we call children within the age group of 3 to 6 years?

Preschool age

5

The adolescent age group is considered to be from the ages 12 to 18 years.  What is the age group preceding adolescents?

School-age (6 to 12 years old)

6

What is the term used when identifying with the age group of 41 to 60?

Middle adult

7

At what age group do the individual vital signs start to compare to adults?

Adolescent(s) (12 to 18 years old)

8

What age group has basic language skills?

3 to 4-year-old.

They will be talking and comprehending sentences and structure.

9
True or False

School-age children are most susceptible to peer pressure.

False

Adolescents are more susceptible, although they may be more susceptible at a younger age depending on the socialization of the child.

 

10
True or False

Adolescents will always provide truthful answers when being interviewed with their parents present. 

False

 

11
Differentiate:

Pre-conventional reasoning, conventional reasoning, and post-conventional reasoning in school-age children.

  • Pre-conventional Reasoning​: the school-age child will act to prevent punishment or receive a reward. 
     
  • Conventional Reasoning: the school-age child will look to approval from their peers and surroundings. 
     
  • Post-conventional Reasoning: the school-age child will make choices based on their conscience. 

 

12

In which age group does the psychosocial need to "settle down" set in?

Early Adults (19 to 40 years)

13

In what age group do the effects of menopause begin?

Middle Adults (41 to 60)

14

How often should vital signs be assessed for the unstable patient? 

5 Minutes (and document them)

15

What is the term used for the first set of vital signs assessed? 

Baseline Vitals

16

What are we evaluating after taking multiple sets of vital signs?

Patient Trending

17
Multiple Choice

When calculating a patient's respiratory rate, we should:

A. Count the respirations for a minute.

B. Count the respirations for 30 seconds and multiple by two. (RR X 2 = RR per minute)

C. Count the respirations for 15 seconds and multiple by four. (RR X 4 = RR per minute)

D. All of the above.

D. All of the above are acceptable

18
List:

Six signs we evaluate when assessing breathing

Breathing Assessment

  • Presence of breathing
  • Respiratory rate
  • Rhythm, regular or irregular
  • Quality (difficulty/effort)
  • Depth of breathing
  • Lung sounds

19

What is bradypnea in adults?

Bradypnea is slow breathing. A respiratory rate below 12 breaths per minute.

20

What is the average pulse range for adults?

60 to 100 beats per minute.

21
List:

 Pulse points

Pulse points:

  • Carotid
  • Radial
  • Femoral 
  • Dorsal pedal/posterior tibial 
  • Popliteal
  • Apical
  • Brachial    

22
List:

Palpating pulse characteristics

Pulse characteristics

  • The presence of a pulse
  • Rate (slow, normal, fast)
  • Regularity (regular or irregular)
  • Quality (strong, weak, thready)

23
Fill in the blank(s)

Upon auscultating the patient's lung sounds, you hear a low, course, rattle.  This lung sound is known as ___________. 

Rhonchi

24
Differentiate:

Systolic and Diastolic 

Systolic: the pressure exerted against the vasculature during contraction.

Diastolic: the pressure exerted against the vasculature during relaxation

25
Define:

Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the presence of pressure exerted against the vasculature during cardiac cycles.

26

What is the name for a blood pressure cuff?

Sphygmomanometer 

27
True or False

An inappropriate-sized, or inaccurately placed blood pressure cuff will cause an inaccurate blood pressure reading.

True

28

What decisions should be made after you have evaluated the patient's level of consciousness, airway, breathing, circulation, and vital signs?

Stating a field impression of the patient and transport decision.

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

When providing care for a patient suffering from multiple systems trauma, what type of history should we attempt to obtain?

 

 

 

 

 SAMPLE history

 

 

 

 

 

30

What does the acronym SAMPLE mean?

SAMPLE

S - Signs/Symptoms
A - Allergies
M - Medications
P - Past pertinent medical history
L - Last intake of food/drink. When appropriate, last menstrual cycle
E - Events leading up to the current situation/complaint