What is the term used when addressing newborns and what is their age grouping?
Newborns are commonly called neonates until they've aged to one month.
What is the term used when addressing children aging from 1 month to 1 year or 12 months of age?
What is the age grouping for toddlers?
Toddlers range from 1 to 3 years of age.
What do we call children within the age group of 3 to 6 years?
The adolescent age group is considered to be from the ages 12 to 18 years. What is the age group preceding adolescents?
School-age (6 to 12 years old)
What is the term used when identifying with the age group of 41 to 60?
At what age group do the individual vital signs start to compare to adults?
Adolescent(s) (12 to 18 years old)
What age group has basic language skills?
3 to 4-year-old.
They will be talking and comprehending sentences and structure.
School-age children are most susceptible to peer pressure.
Adolescents are more susceptible, although they may be more susceptible at a younger age depending on the socialization of the child.
Adolescents will always provide truthful answers when being interviewed with their parents present.
Pre-conventional reasoning, conventional reasoning, and post-conventional reasoning in school-age children.
Pre-conventional Reasoning: the school-age child will act to prevent punishment or receive a reward.
Conventional Reasoning: the school-age child will look to approval from their peers and surroundings.
Post-conventional Reasoning: the school-age child will make choices based on their conscience.
In which age group does the psychosocial need to "settle down" set in?
Early Adults (19 to 40 years)
In what age group do the effects of menopause begin?
Middle Adults (41 to 60)
How often should vital signs be assessed for the unstable patient?
5 Minutes (and document them)
What is the term used for the first set of vital signs assessed?
What are we evaluating after taking multiple sets of vital signs?
When calculating a patient's respiratory rate, we should:
A. Count the respirations for a minute.
B. Count the respirations for 30 seconds and multiple by two. (RR X 2 = RR per minute)
C. Count the respirations for 15 seconds and multiple by four. (RR X 4 = RR per minute)
D. All of the above.
D. All of the above are acceptable
Six signs we evaluate when assessing breathing
- Presence of breathing
- Respiratory rate
- Rhythm, regular or irregular
- Quality (difficulty/effort)
- Depth of breathing
- Lung sounds
What is bradypnea in adults?
Bradypnea is slow breathing. A respiratory rate below 12 breaths per minute.
What is the average pulse range for adults?
60 to 100 beats per minute.
- Dorsal pedal/posterior tibial
Palpating pulse characteristics
- The presence of a pulse
- Rate (slow, normal, fast)
- Regularity (regular or irregular)
- Quality (strong, weak, thready)
Upon auscultating the patient's lung sounds, you hear a low, course, rattle. This lung sound is known as ___________.
Systolic and Diastolic
Systolic: the pressure exerted against the vasculature during contraction.
Diastolic: the pressure exerted against the vasculature during relaxation.
Blood pressure is the presence of pressure exerted against the vasculature during cardiac cycles.
What is the name for a blood pressure cuff?
An inappropriate-sized, or inaccurately placed blood pressure cuff will cause an inaccurate blood pressure reading.
What decisions should be made after you have evaluated the patient's level of consciousness, airway, breathing, circulation, and vital signs?
Stating a field impression of the patient and transport decision.
When providing care for a patient suffering from multiple systems trauma, what type of history should we attempt to obtain?
What does the acronym SAMPLE mean?
S - Signs/Symptoms
A - Allergies
M - Medications
P - Past pertinent medical history
L - Last intake of food/drink. When appropriate, last menstrual cycle
E - Events leading up to the current situation/complaint