Flashcards in Composers Deck (212):
Who's first two piano concertos where premiered and published while he was still a student?
Who's artistic circle was based in Paris, and included Hector Berlioz, Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, Friedrich Chopin, and Nicolo Paganini?
Who gave singing and piano lessons to Antonio Berezzi's daughter Margherita, and later married her and had 2 kids?
Who was a conductor at the court of Saxony in Dresden? Duties included conducting orchestral and opera performances, and composing pieces for special court occasions.
Who is Giuseppina Strepponi?
- Verdi married her in 1859- opera singer
Who had financial problems, therefore preformed and moved lots?
Who feared the number 13?
Who conducted Vienna Sing Akademie?
Who's principle instrument was a cello, and played chamber music with 2 childhood friends?
Who died of a stroke in 1901, and left a significant sum of money to Casa di Riposo per Musicisti, a retirement home for musicians in Milan?
Who's articles and essays were published in several journals including Schumann's Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik?
Who played his first piano sonata while still a student at his Moscow debut recital in 1910?
Who attended Leipzig University and studied with teacher/composer Christian Theodor Weinlig, yet considered himself largely self-taught in music?
Who rejected the designation of Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (one of the highest awards bestowed by the French government for outstanding achievement)? Why did he reject it?
- Ravel- He felt this honour should have been granted earlier
Who began composing and playing piano at the age of 7?
Who had a strong desire to enter the priesthood, but chose a musical career on advice from his mother?
Who is acknowledged as the greatest Italian composer of opera in the 19th century? His works remain a staple of the operatic repertory worldwide.
Who was awarded an honorary doctorate by Oxford University?
Who accepted a seat and served in the Italian parliament for 4 years?
What years did Schumann live?
Who published Hamonielehre, a treaty on harmony?
Who founded the Leipzig Conservatory?
Who died hours before Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, and as a result, the news of his death was withheld so as not to eclipse the dictator?
Who was accepted into advance composition class taught by Gabriel Faure?
Who moved back to Vienna in 1917 and went through "years of silence" while he worked on the development of the twelve tone system?
Who became engulfed in the rising tide of Italian Nationalism?
Who toured in the USA, Japan, and Soviet Union?
Who had significant influence on successive generations of composers, including Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, and Arnold Schoenberg?
Who was a course master for a cheater in Wurzburg?
Where was Verdi born?
Ron Cole (by Busetto), Parma, Italy
Who received the French Legion of Honor in 1932?
Who visited the USA and developed friendship with George Gershwin?
Who attempted suicide by jumping off of a bridge, and spent his final years in an asylum?
Who was a Hungarian Nationalist?
Who fell in love with his teacher's daughter?
Schumann (Clara Schumann)
Where was Liszt born?
Raiding, Hungary (just outside Vienna, Austria)
Where was Mendelssohn born?
Who was a immediate sensation in Paris, and performed 38 times in 3 months?
Who moved to Dresden with his family, then to Dusseldorf due to political unrest?
Who was the 9th child in the family, and grew up in a artistic environment?
Who embarked on a successful 2 month coast-to-coast tour of the USA?
Who viewed religion as a quest? His family was originally Orthodox Jewish, then converted to Christianity, then reconverted to Judaism.
Who attracted private students in Vienna including Alban Berg and Anton Webern?
Verdi composed Messa da Requiem in honour of?
Alessandro Manzoni, Italian writer
Who accepted a conducting post in Riga (Latvia)?
Who was Erno Dohananyi to Bartok?
- his idol- famous Hungarian pianist, composer, and conductor
Where was Schumann born?
What did Verdi and Arigo Boito produce?
- one of Verdi's final triumphs, Otello and Falstaff
What years did Prokofiev live?
Who is Claire Delbos?
- Messiaen's first wife- composer and violinist- declared first song cycles to her
Who became friends with like-minded progressive artists nicknamed "Les apaches" (The Ruffians)?
Who maintained a comfortable lifestyle by frequenting salons, cafes, and nightclubs of Paris?
Who studied piano with Marie Bigot and Carl Freidrich Zelter?
Who went to London and Paris to escape creditors, hoping for success as a composer?
Who attained a teaching position at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin with the support of Richard Strauss?
Who made various guest appearances/performed across Europe?
Who was refused entry into Paris Conservatory because he was a foreigner?
Who began composing at 5 and loved opera (wrote 4 as a youth)?
Who visited the USA and drew musical inspiration from Western mountains and canyons?
Who helped Berlioz and Wagner in their careers, including conducting the first performance of Wagner's "Lohengrin"?
Who is known as the leader of the Second Viennese School, and was one of the most influential and controversial figures in 20th century music?
Who pursued interests in music, literature, and philosophy on his own and was essentially self taught?
Who entered the Paris Conservatoire?
What years did Bartok live?
What acronym did Verdi's name spell as a cry for unification of Italy under King Victor Emmanuel?
Viva VittorioEmmanueleReD' Italia
Who is associated with birdsong and ornithology?
Who studied art, and paintings embraced Expressionism?
Who worked in Milan as a conductor at the Piccolo Scala, which was adjacent to the renowned La Scala opera house?
Who toured England, Ireland, Switzerland, and other French cities while still a teenager?
Who toured the USA for a second time in 1940, where he made a historic recording of his trio Contrasts with violinist Joseph Szigetti and American jazz clarinetist Benny Goodman?
Who's final years was marked with failing health and reclusive behaviour?
Who was compelled to leave Germany due to the rise of the Nazi party and increasing anti-semitism?
Who studied piano and theory with Eduard Marxsen?
Who's Father was an author/publisher, and instilled a lifelong love for literature, but died when he (composer) was 16?
Who suffered from asthma his whole life and was often in poor health?
Who was shy and rather pessimistic in nature, with health that was never robust and had serious lung issues earlier in life?
Who entered law school to please his mother, but later pursued composition and piano studies?
Who left school and worked for a bank for 5 years to support his family?
Who published "Technique de mon language musical" (Technique of My Musical Language) in 1944, that outlined his compositional approach, especially with regard to rhythmic and pitch modes?
What years did Wagner live?
Who was appointed organist at L'eglise de la Sainte Trinite in Paris, and remained in this capacity for the rest of his life?
Who pursued religious studies and attained minor orders in the Catholic church?
Who visited London in 1914 and met Sergei Diaghilev who commissioned a ballet for his company? What was this ballet called?
- Prokofiev- "Les Ballets Russes"- eventually became popular "Scythian Suite"
Who is Wilhelmine (Minna) Planer?
- Wagner married her, stayed married to her until her death but had numerous affairs- singer/actress
Who is Antonio Berezzi?
- Verdi moved to Busetto to live in his home- wealthy merchant, enthusiastic amateur musician- patronage helped finance Verdi's musical education in Milan
Who's father bought him an old spinneret (small keyboard instrument) when he was 7?
Where was Bartok born?
Who's medical treatment was paid for by ASPAC (American Society for Composers, Authors, and Publishers) even though he was not a member?
Who was appointed professor of music at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris?
Who earned a international reputation as a virtuoso pianist and a composer?
Who was appointed grand ducal director of music extraordinary in Weinmar, and moved there to focus on composing and conducting?
Who earned a living from concert appearances and teaching?
Who worked as a conductor at a cabaret theatre in Berlin?
Who had lessons with Reinhold Giliere (famous Russian pianist)?
Who studied at St. Thomas' school in his boyhood and what is the significance of this school?
- Wagner- same school where JS Bach once taught
Who is Yvonne Loriod?
- Messiaen's second wife- pianist- former student who premiered and recorded many of his works
Who was a frequent conservatory prize winner in both performance and theory?
Who toured Russia, the Baltic, and Scandinavian regions?
Who said "I beg a thousand pardons if there should be anyone here whom I have not insulted tonight"?
Who built a reputation as an outstanding educator and mentor? Students represent a who's who of modern composition?
Where was Schoenberg born?
Who was the conductor of Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra?
Who suffered from the loss of his wife and both children in a 2 year period?
Who was inspired by British, Isles, Austria, Italy, and Landscapes and regional songs and dances?
Who's growing recognition led to many international invitations, and his travels allowed him to further his musical study of birdsong, which led to formal studies in ornithology?
Who entered the Paris Conservatoire at a very young age, where his teachers included Paul Dukas?
Who studied at St. Petersburg Conservatory and was the youngest student ever admitted?
Who played in an amateur orchestra under Alexander von Zemlinsky, who became his only composition teacher?
What years did Brahms live?
Who had connections with Heinrich Heine, Victor Hugo, Alfred de Musset, and Alphonse Lamartine
Who's father was a English teacher and translator of Shakespeare, while his mother was a poet?
Who became romantically involved with Liszt's daughter (Cosima) who was still married to conductor Hans von Bulow? They had 3 children before Cosima divorced Bulow, and later married.
Who's composition teachers included Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Glazunov?
Who was deeply impacted by the deaths of his son and daughter (3 years apart), and by the death of his mother (4 years later)?
What did Bartok do at Columbia University?
Worked as an ethnomusicologist
Who is Mira Mendelssohn?
- Prokofiev's second wife- poet, his assistant- she collaborated with him on operas "Betrothal in a Monastery", and "War and Peace"
Where was Brahms born?
Who helped aspiring young musicians like Antonin Dvorak?
Who's honours included the Legion of Honor in France?
What years did Liszt live?
Who's level of fame compared to that of a modern rock star and had many female admirers and notorious affairs?
10 of Verdi's operas feature this librettist:
Francesco Maria Piave
Who is Giulio Ricordi?
- Verdi's publisher- encouraged Verdi to work with librettist Arigo Boito
Who wanted a permanent festival for performance of his operas and got it with the new Festival Theatre at Bayreuth in 1872? He also conducted an opera in hopes of benefitting the heavily indebted theatre.
What was Brahm's relationship with the Schumanns?
- Robert's last article launched Brahm's career- lived with the Schumanns- developed romantic feelings for Clara
Who's schooling was disrupted for 6 years by frequent moves after the death of his father?
Where was Wagner born?
Who was a master-class instructor of composition at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin?
Who occasionally went on concert tours, but struggled financially because he could not access overseas royalties due to the war?
After his international performing career subsided, who taught at the Budapest Academy for over 20 years (aprox. 1905)?
Who had a lifelong mutual admiration and friendship with Mendelssohn?
Who is Ferdinando Provesi?
- Verdi began lessons with him in Busetto- was a church musician and director of the local philharmonic society
Who completed the first twelve tone composition in 1923?
Who briefly served in WWII, and the experience left him depressed and slowed his musical output?
What years did Ravel live?
What years did Messiaen live?
Who's parents were both amateur musicians? (father a headmaster of an agricultural school, mother a teacher)
Who died in Venice, but his body was returned to Bayreuth by train for internment?
Who was a visiting lecturer at Harvard but was unable to finish his second lecture series because he was hospitalized with Leukaemia?
Who was born in a Basque village but moved to Paris 3 months later?
Who was appointed chapel organist at a local school in Poszony that offered specialized music studies?
Who was a founding member of "La jeune France", a group of composers promoting modern French aesthetic?
Who, despite receiving the highest Soviet honours (Stalin Prize, Order of the Red Banner), endured many hardships including difficulties with government censors?
What did Schumann do after hearing Chopin for the first time?
- Published article "An Opus Two" in which he used the names Eusebius and Florestan?
Who introduced Brahms to people like Liszt, Berlioz, and the Schumanns?
Who directed the local philharmonic society and gave private lessons in Busetto?
Who had a revitalization of his career in 1923, where he made gramophone recordings, performed on radio, and gave concerts all over Europe?
Who was commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev and his Les Ballets Russes to write the music for Daphnis et Chloe?
Who's father had played cello in Josef Haydn's orchestra
Where was Ravel born?
Who obtained musical training in Milan from Vincenzo Lavigna after he was not accepted into the conservatory in Milan?
Who gained international reputation for the Soviet Union and for his style of music and play?
Despite having gained popularity and being renowned outside the Conservatoire, who failed to win Prix de Rome after several attempts?
Who was injured in a taxi accident, with brain damage showing up years later?
Who is Lina Llubera?
- Prokofiev's first wife- frequently travelled to Moscow, settled there with her - had 2 sons
Where was Prokofiev born?
Who was conscripted into the French army at the advent of WWII, and was taken prisoner of was by the Germans in 1940?
Who became the music director for a travelling theatre company and gained conducting experience but accumulated heavy debt?
After his opera marked his return and launched international fame, who had a vigorous creative period where he produced on average an opera every 9 months?
Who entered the Budapest Academy with advanced standing in piano and composition?
Who was in debt, and continued writing operas, but survived by working as a music arranger and journalist?
Who was the director of music in Dusseldorf?
What years did Schoenberg live?
Who's family moved to Vienna so that he could study piano with Czerny and composition with Salieri?
Who was part of the WWI military service as an ambulance driver?
Who felt moral obligation to his art, therefore, earning very little money as a teacher and composer?
Who wrote 4 serious songs in anticipation of Clara Schumann's death?
Who was appointed professor at the Paris Conservatoire where he taught for over 30 years?
Who had 7 children, mental instability caused tension?
Who was awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Jena in Germany?
Who had close associations with German romantic poets E.T.A. Hoffman and Jean Paul?
Who studied Law and Aesthetics with Hegel and U of Berlin?
Who is Zoltan Kodaly?
- shared Bartok's interest in ethnomusicology- maintained an enduring personal and professional relationship- went on many folk song collecting tours together
Who was forced to flee from Dresden as a result of his political activism and revolutionary activities, and escaped to Zurich with the help of Liszt?
Who became a committee member in the League of Nations and witnessed deteriorating human rights and growing intolerance sweeping parts of Europe?
Who was inspired to pursue music after hearing pianist Ignaz Moscheles?
Who travelled to Japan for concert performances and birdsong study?
Who contributed to many relief efforts, including the floods in Hungary?
Who accepted numerous Soviet commissions in Moscow?
Who was appointed royal kapellmeister in Berlin but continued to conduct in Leipzig?
Who's poetry was a favourite source for Lieder for Schumann?
Who was born into a Jewish family, but converted to Christianity and added Bartholdi to their surname due to political and social concerns?
Who was Countess Marie D' Agoult
Liszt had an affair with her for 4 years, had 3 kids
Who was appointed president of the music academy in Budapest?
How did Friedrich Wieck feel about Schumann's love for Clara?
- Did not approve, went to extreme measures to keep them apart- Schumann successfully petitioned the courts to allow them to marry in 1840 (made a statement by marrying on the eve of Clara's 21st birthday)
Who's historic concert tour of the Soviet Union sowed the seeds for his eventual repatriation?
Who took lessons with Friedrich Wieck in Leipzig?
Who hurt his hand and couldn't become a concert pianist, and devoted himself to composition and music journalism?
Where was Messiaen born?
Who moved to Munich at the request of a fan, teenaged monarch King Ludwig II of Bavaria?
Bartok was accepted into Vienna Conservatory, but did not go there. Why?
- he wanted to study with the same professors that taught Erno Dohananyi
Who was appointed professor at the Leipzig Conservatory?
Who was championed by important writer and critic, Eduard Hans Lick?
Who founded the amateur women's choir in Hamburg?
Who moved to Boston, then LA, and lectured at USC and UCLA?`
Who is Mathilde Zemlinsky?
Schoenberg married her, sister of his composition teacher
Who had directorship of Vienna Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde?
How did Ravel die?
died in Paris following brain surgery
Who settled in Paris but travelled frequently to Germany, USA, Canada, and Cuba?
Who was Princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein?
- Married aristocrat with whom Liszt had an affair- Had home in Weimar, which was a major centre for artists- Followed her to Rome- Never married, relationship ended in 1864
What years did Verdi live?
Who didn't get directorship of Hamburg Philharmonic, and as a result, moved to Vienna?
Who is Heinrich Dorn?
Conductor of the Leipzig Opera with whom Schumann studied theory and counterpoint
What years did Mendelssohn live?
Who was appointed municipal music director in Dusseldorf in 1850?
Who was awarded the Rubinstein Prize upon graduation?
Who moved to the USA permanently in October of 1940 and settled in NYC?
Who sought out Heinrich Heine in Munich at the age of 18?
Who is Ditta Pastry?
- Bartok married her- was Bartok's student- had 1 son, Peter, together
Who attended Paris World Exposition and what did he encounter there that impacted his compositional style?
- Ravel- diverse international music
Who's sources for libretto included writers Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and William Shakespeare?