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Flashcards in Composers Deck (212):
1

Who's first two piano concertos where premiered and published while he was still a student?

Prokofiev

2

Who's artistic circle was based in Paris, and included Hector Berlioz, Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, Friedrich Chopin, and Nicolo Paganini?

Liszt

3

Who gave singing and piano lessons to Antonio Berezzi's daughter Margherita, and later married her and had 2 kids?

Verdi

4

Who was a conductor at the court of Saxony in Dresden? Duties included conducting orchestral and opera performances, and composing pieces for special court occasions.

Wagner

5

Who is Giuseppina Strepponi?

- Verdi married her in 1859- opera singer

6

Who had financial problems, therefore preformed and moved lots?

Brahms

7

Who feared the number 13?

Schoenberg

8

Who conducted Vienna Sing Akademie?

Brahms

9

Who's principle instrument was a cello, and played chamber music with 2 childhood friends?

Schoenberg

10

Who died of a stroke in 1901, and left a significant sum of money to Casa di Riposo per Musicisti, a retirement home for musicians in Milan?

Verdi

11

Who's articles and essays were published in several journals including Schumann's Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik?

Wagner

12

Who played his first piano sonata while still a student at his Moscow debut recital in 1910?

Prokofiev

13

Who attended Leipzig University and studied with teacher/composer Christian Theodor Weinlig, yet considered himself largely self-taught in music?

Wagner

14

Who rejected the designation of Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (one of the highest awards bestowed by the French government for outstanding achievement)? Why did he reject it?

- Ravel- He felt this honour should have been granted earlier

15

Who began composing and playing piano at the age of 7?

Messiaen

16

Who had a strong desire to enter the priesthood, but chose a musical career on advice from his mother?

Liszt

17

Who is acknowledged as the greatest Italian composer of opera in the 19th century? His works remain a staple of the operatic repertory worldwide.

Verdi

18

Who was awarded an honorary doctorate by Oxford University?

Ravel

19

Who accepted a seat and served in the Italian parliament for 4 years?

Verdi

20

What years did Schumann live?

1810-1856

21

Who published Hamonielehre, a treaty on harmony?

Schoenberg

22

Who founded the Leipzig Conservatory?

Mendelssohn

23

Who died hours before Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, and as a result, the news of his death was withheld so as not to eclipse the dictator?

Prokofiev

24

Who was accepted into advance composition class taught by Gabriel Faure?

Ravel

25

Who moved back to Vienna in 1917 and went through "years of silence" while he worked on the development of the twelve tone system?

Schoenberg

26

Who became engulfed in the rising tide of Italian Nationalism?

Verdi

27

Who toured in the USA, Japan, and Soviet Union?

Prokofiev

28

Who had significant influence on successive generations of composers, including Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, and Arnold Schoenberg?

Wagner

29

Who was a course master for a cheater in Wurzburg?

Wagner

30

Where was Verdi born?

Ron Cole (by Busetto), Parma, Italy

31

Who received the French Legion of Honor in 1932?

Bartok

32

Who visited the USA and developed friendship with George Gershwin?

Ravel

33

Who attempted suicide by jumping off of a bridge, and spent his final years in an asylum?

Schumann

34

Who was a Hungarian Nationalist?

Bartok

35

Who fell in love with his teacher's daughter?

Schumann (Clara Schumann)

36

Where was Liszt born?

Raiding, Hungary (just outside Vienna, Austria)

37

Where was Mendelssohn born?

Hamburg, Germany

38

Who was a immediate sensation in Paris, and performed 38 times in 3 months?

Liszt

39

Who moved to Dresden with his family, then to Dusseldorf due to political unrest?

Schumann

40

Who was the 9th child in the family, and grew up in a artistic environment?

Wagner

41

Who embarked on a successful 2 month coast-to-coast tour of the USA?

Bartok

42

Who viewed religion as a quest? His family was originally Orthodox Jewish, then converted to Christianity, then reconverted to Judaism.

Schoenberg

43

Who attracted private students in Vienna including Alban Berg and Anton Webern?

Schoenberg

44

Verdi composed Messa da Requiem in honour of?

Alessandro Manzoni, Italian writer

45

Who accepted a conducting post in Riga (Latvia)?

Wagner

46

Who was Erno Dohananyi to Bartok?

- his idol- famous Hungarian pianist, composer, and conductor

47

Where was Schumann born?

Zwickau, Germany

48

What did Verdi and Arigo Boito produce?

- one of Verdi's final triumphs, Otello and Falstaff

49

What years did Prokofiev live?

1891-1953

50

Who is Claire Delbos?

- Messiaen's first wife- composer and violinist- declared first song cycles to her

51

Who became friends with like-minded progressive artists nicknamed "Les apaches" (The Ruffians)?

Ravel

52

Who maintained a comfortable lifestyle by frequenting salons, cafes, and nightclubs of Paris?

Ravel

53

Who studied piano with Marie Bigot and Carl Freidrich Zelter?

Mendelssohn

54

Who went to London and Paris to escape creditors, hoping for success as a composer?

Wagner

55

Who attained a teaching position at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin with the support of Richard Strauss?

Schoenberg

56

Who made various guest appearances/performed across Europe?

Mendelssohn, Liszt

57

Who was refused entry into Paris Conservatory because he was a foreigner?

Liszt

58

Who began composing at 5 and loved opera (wrote 4 as a youth)?

Prokofiev

59

Who visited the USA and drew musical inspiration from Western mountains and canyons?

Messiaen

60

Who helped Berlioz and Wagner in their careers, including conducting the first performance of Wagner's "Lohengrin"?

Liszt

61

Who is known as the leader of the Second Viennese School, and was one of the most influential and controversial figures in 20th century music?

Schoenberg

62

Who pursued interests in music, literature, and philosophy on his own and was essentially self taught?

Schoenberg

63

Who entered the Paris Conservatoire?

Ravel

64

What years did Bartok live?

1881-1945

65

What acronym did Verdi's name spell as a cry for unification of Italy under King Victor Emmanuel?

Viva VittorioEmmanueleReD' Italia

66

Who is associated with birdsong and ornithology?

Messiaen

67

Who studied art, and paintings embraced Expressionism?

Schoenberg

68

Who worked in Milan as a conductor at the Piccolo Scala, which was adjacent to the renowned La Scala opera house?

Verdi

69

Who toured England, Ireland, Switzerland, and other French cities while still a teenager?

Liszt

70

Who toured the USA for a second time in 1940, where he made a historic recording of his trio Contrasts with violinist Joseph Szigetti and American jazz clarinetist Benny Goodman?

Bartok

71

Who's final years was marked with failing health and reclusive behaviour?

Ravel

72

Who was compelled to leave Germany due to the rise of the Nazi party and increasing anti-semitism?

Schoenberg

73

Who studied piano and theory with Eduard Marxsen?

Brahms

74

Who's Father was an author/publisher, and instilled a lifelong love for literature, but died when he (composer) was 16?

Schumann

75

Who suffered from asthma his whole life and was often in poor health?

Schoenberg

76

Who was shy and rather pessimistic in nature, with health that was never robust and had serious lung issues earlier in life?

Bartok

77

Who entered law school to please his mother, but later pursued composition and piano studies?

Schumann

78

Who left school and worked for a bank for 5 years to support his family?

Schoenberg

79

Who published "Technique de mon language musical" (Technique of My Musical Language) in 1944, that outlined his compositional approach, especially with regard to rhythmic and pitch modes?

Messiaen

80

What years did Wagner live?

1813-1883

81

Who was appointed organist at L'eglise de la Sainte Trinite in Paris, and remained in this capacity for the rest of his life?

Messiaen

82

Who pursued religious studies and attained minor orders in the Catholic church?

Liszt

83

Who visited London in 1914 and met Sergei Diaghilev who commissioned a ballet for his company? What was this ballet called?

- Prokofiev- "Les Ballets Russes"- eventually became popular "Scythian Suite"

84

Who is Wilhelmine (Minna) Planer?

- Wagner married her, stayed married to her until her death but had numerous affairs- singer/actress

85

Who is Antonio Berezzi?

- Verdi moved to Busetto to live in his home- wealthy merchant, enthusiastic amateur musician- patronage helped finance Verdi's musical education in Milan

86

Who's father bought him an old spinneret (small keyboard instrument) when he was 7?

Verdi

87

Where was Bartok born?

Nagyszentmiklos, Hungary

88

Who's medical treatment was paid for by ASPAC (American Society for Composers, Authors, and Publishers) even though he was not a member?

Bartok

89

Who was appointed professor of music at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris?

Messiaen

90

Who earned a international reputation as a virtuoso pianist and a composer?

Prokofiev

91

Who was appointed grand ducal director of music extraordinary in Weinmar, and moved there to focus on composing and conducting?

Liszt

92

Who earned a living from concert appearances and teaching?

Liszt

93

Who worked as a conductor at a cabaret theatre in Berlin?

Schoenberg

94

Who had lessons with Reinhold Giliere (famous Russian pianist)?

Prokofiev

95

Who studied at St. Thomas' school in his boyhood and what is the significance of this school?

- Wagner- same school where JS Bach once taught

96

Who is Yvonne Loriod?

- Messiaen's second wife- pianist- former student who premiered and recorded many of his works

97

Who was a frequent conservatory prize winner in both performance and theory?

Messiaen

98

Who toured Russia, the Baltic, and Scandinavian regions?

Schumann

99

Who said "I beg a thousand pardons if there should be anyone here whom I have not insulted tonight"?

Brahms

100

Who built a reputation as an outstanding educator and mentor? Students represent a who's who of modern composition?

Messiaen

101

Where was Schoenberg born?

Vienna, Austria

102

Who was the conductor of Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra?

Mendelssohn

103

Who suffered from the loss of his wife and both children in a 2 year period?

Verdi

104

Who was inspired by British, Isles, Austria, Italy, and Landscapes and regional songs and dances?

Mendelssohn

105

Who's growing recognition led to many international invitations, and his travels allowed him to further his musical study of birdsong, which led to formal studies in ornithology?

Messiaen

106

Who entered the Paris Conservatoire at a very young age, where his teachers included Paul Dukas?

Messiaen

107

Who studied at St. Petersburg Conservatory and was the youngest student ever admitted?

Prokofiev

108

Who played in an amateur orchestra under Alexander von Zemlinsky, who became his only composition teacher?

Schoenberg

109

What years did Brahms live?

1833-1897

110

Who had connections with Heinrich Heine, Victor Hugo, Alfred de Musset, and Alphonse Lamartine

Liszt

111

Who's father was a English teacher and translator of Shakespeare, while his mother was a poet?

Messiaen

112

Who became romantically involved with Liszt's daughter (Cosima) who was still married to conductor Hans von Bulow? They had 3 children before Cosima divorced Bulow, and later married.

Wagner

113

Who's composition teachers included Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Glazunov?

Prokofiev

114

Who was deeply impacted by the deaths of his son and daughter (3 years apart), and by the death of his mother (4 years later)?

Liszt

115

What did Bartok do at Columbia University?

Worked as an ethnomusicologist

116

Who is Mira Mendelssohn?

- Prokofiev's second wife- poet, his assistant- she collaborated with him on operas "Betrothal in a Monastery", and "War and Peace"

117

Where was Brahms born?

Hamburg, Germany

118

Who helped aspiring young musicians like Antonin Dvorak?

Brahms

119

Who's honours included the Legion of Honor in France?

Messiaen

120

What years did Liszt live?

1811-1886

121

Who's level of fame compared to that of a modern rock star and had many female admirers and notorious affairs?

Liszt

122

10 of Verdi's operas feature this librettist:

Francesco Maria Piave

123

Who is Giulio Ricordi?

- Verdi's publisher- encouraged Verdi to work with librettist Arigo Boito

124

Who wanted a permanent festival for performance of his operas and got it with the new Festival Theatre at Bayreuth in 1872? He also conducted an opera in hopes of benefitting the heavily indebted theatre.

Wagner

125

What was Brahm's relationship with the Schumanns?

- Robert's last article launched Brahm's career- lived with the Schumanns- developed romantic feelings for Clara

126

Who's schooling was disrupted for 6 years by frequent moves after the death of his father?

Bartok

127

Where was Wagner born?

Leipzig, Germany

128

Who was a master-class instructor of composition at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin?

Schoenberg

129

Who occasionally went on concert tours, but struggled financially because he could not access overseas royalties due to the war?

Bartok

130

After his international performing career subsided, who taught at the Budapest Academy for over 20 years (aprox. 1905)?

Bartok

131

Who had a lifelong mutual admiration and friendship with Mendelssohn?

Schumann

132

Who is Ferdinando Provesi?

- Verdi began lessons with him in Busetto- was a church musician and director of the local philharmonic society

133

Who completed the first twelve tone composition in 1923?

Schoenberg

134

Who briefly served in WWII, and the experience left him depressed and slowed his musical output?

Schoenberg

135

What years did Ravel live?

1875-1937

136

What years did Messiaen live?

1908-1992

137

Who's parents were both amateur musicians? (father a headmaster of an agricultural school, mother a teacher)

Bartok

138

Who died in Venice, but his body was returned to Bayreuth by train for internment?

Wagner

139

Who was a visiting lecturer at Harvard but was unable to finish his second lecture series because he was hospitalized with Leukaemia?

Bartok

140

Who was born in a Basque village but moved to Paris 3 months later?

Ravel

141

Who was appointed chapel organist at a local school in Poszony that offered specialized music studies?

Bartok

142

Who was a founding member of "La jeune France", a group of composers promoting modern French aesthetic?

Messiaen

143

Who, despite receiving the highest Soviet honours (Stalin Prize, Order of the Red Banner), endured many hardships including difficulties with government censors?

Prokofiev

144

What did Schumann do after hearing Chopin for the first time?

- Published article "An Opus Two" in which he used the names Eusebius and Florestan?

145

Who introduced Brahms to people like Liszt, Berlioz, and the Schumanns?

Joseph Joachim

146

Who directed the local philharmonic society and gave private lessons in Busetto?

Verdi

147

Who had a revitalization of his career in 1923, where he made gramophone recordings, performed on radio, and gave concerts all over Europe?

Bartok

148

Who was commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev and his Les Ballets Russes to write the music for Daphnis et Chloe?

Ravel

149

Who's father had played cello in Josef Haydn's orchestra

Liszt

150

Where was Ravel born?

Ciboure, France

151

Who obtained musical training in Milan from Vincenzo Lavigna after he was not accepted into the conservatory in Milan?

Verdi

152

Who gained international reputation for the Soviet Union and for his style of music and play?

Prokofiev

153

Despite having gained popularity and being renowned outside the Conservatoire, who failed to win Prix de Rome after several attempts?

Ravel

154

Who was injured in a taxi accident, with brain damage showing up years later?

Ravel

155

Who is Lina Llubera?

- Prokofiev's first wife- frequently travelled to Moscow, settled there with her - had 2 sons

156

Where was Prokofiev born?

Sontsovska, Ukraine

157

Who was conscripted into the French army at the advent of WWII, and was taken prisoner of was by the Germans in 1940?

Messiaen

158

Who became the music director for a travelling theatre company and gained conducting experience but accumulated heavy debt?

Wagner

159

After his opera marked his return and launched international fame, who had a vigorous creative period where he produced on average an opera every 9 months?

Verdi

160

Who entered the Budapest Academy with advanced standing in piano and composition?

Bartok

161

Who was in debt, and continued writing operas, but survived by working as a music arranger and journalist?

Wagner

162

Who was the director of music in Dusseldorf?

Mendelssohn

163

What years did Schoenberg live?

1874-1951

164

Who's family moved to Vienna so that he could study piano with Czerny and composition with Salieri?

Liszt

165

Who was part of the WWI military service as an ambulance driver?

Ravel

166

Who felt moral obligation to his art, therefore, earning very little money as a teacher and composer?

Schoenberg

167

Who wrote 4 serious songs in anticipation of Clara Schumann's death?

Brahms

168

Who was appointed professor at the Paris Conservatoire where he taught for over 30 years?

Messiaen

169

Who had 7 children, mental instability caused tension?

Schumann

170

Who was awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Jena in Germany?

Schumann

171

Who had close associations with German romantic poets E.T.A. Hoffman and Jean Paul?

Brahms

172

Who studied Law and Aesthetics with Hegel and U of Berlin?

Mendelssohn

173

Who is Zoltan Kodaly?

- shared Bartok's interest in ethnomusicology- maintained an enduring personal and professional relationship- went on many folk song collecting tours together

174

Who was forced to flee from Dresden as a result of his political activism and revolutionary activities, and escaped to Zurich with the help of Liszt?

Wagner

175

Who became a committee member in the League of Nations and witnessed deteriorating human rights and growing intolerance sweeping parts of Europe?

Bartok

176

Who was inspired to pursue music after hearing pianist Ignaz Moscheles?

Schumann

177

Who travelled to Japan for concert performances and birdsong study?

Messiaen

178

Who contributed to many relief efforts, including the floods in Hungary?

Liszt

179

Who accepted numerous Soviet commissions in Moscow?

Prokofiev

180

Who was appointed royal kapellmeister in Berlin but continued to conduct in Leipzig?

Mendelssohn

181

Who's poetry was a favourite source for Lieder for Schumann?

Heinrich Heine

182

Who was born into a Jewish family, but converted to Christianity and added Bartholdi to their surname due to political and social concerns?

Mendelssohn

183

Who was Countess Marie D' Agoult

Liszt had an affair with her for 4 years, had 3 kids

184

Who was appointed president of the music academy in Budapest?

Liszt

185

How did Friedrich Wieck feel about Schumann's love for Clara?

- Did not approve, went to extreme measures to keep them apart- Schumann successfully petitioned the courts to allow them to marry in 1840 (made a statement by marrying on the eve of Clara's 21st birthday)

186

Who's historic concert tour of the Soviet Union sowed the seeds for his eventual repatriation?

Prokofiev

187

Who took lessons with Friedrich Wieck in Leipzig?

Schumann

188

Who hurt his hand and couldn't become a concert pianist, and devoted himself to composition and music journalism?

Schumann

189

Where was Messiaen born?

Avignon, France

190

Who moved to Munich at the request of a fan, teenaged monarch King Ludwig II of Bavaria?

Wagner

191

Bartok was accepted into Vienna Conservatory, but did not go there. Why?

- he wanted to study with the same professors that taught Erno Dohananyi

192

Who was appointed professor at the Leipzig Conservatory?

Schumann

193

Who was championed by important writer and critic, Eduard Hans Lick?

Brahms

194

Who founded the amateur women's choir in Hamburg?

Brahms

195

Who moved to Boston, then LA, and lectured at USC and UCLA?`

Schoenberg

196

Who is Mathilde Zemlinsky?

Schoenberg married her, sister of his composition teacher

197

Who had directorship of Vienna Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde?

Brahms

198

How did Ravel die?

died in Paris following brain surgery

199

Who settled in Paris but travelled frequently to Germany, USA, Canada, and Cuba?

Prokofiev

200

Who was Princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein?

- Married aristocrat with whom Liszt had an affair- Had home in Weimar, which was a major centre for artists- Followed her to Rome- Never married, relationship ended in 1864

201

What years did Verdi live?

1813-1901

202

Who didn't get directorship of Hamburg Philharmonic, and as a result, moved to Vienna?

Brahms

203

Who is Heinrich Dorn?

Conductor of the Leipzig Opera with whom Schumann studied theory and counterpoint

204

What years did Mendelssohn live?

1809-1847

205

Who was appointed municipal music director in Dusseldorf in 1850?

Schumann

206

Who was awarded the Rubinstein Prize upon graduation?

Prokofiev

207

Who moved to the USA permanently in October of 1940 and settled in NYC?

Bartok

208

Who sought out Heinrich Heine in Munich at the age of 18?

Schumann

209

Who is Ditta Pastry?

- Bartok married her- was Bartok's student- had 1 son, Peter, together

210

Who attended Paris World Exposition and what did he encounter there that impacted his compositional style?

- Ravel- diverse international music

211

Who's sources for libretto included writers Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and William Shakespeare?

Verdi

212

Who worked with Meiningen Orchestra with conductor Hans von Bulow?

Brahms