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Mastering English Grammar > Compounds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Compounds Deck (6)
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1

Adjectives that precede the noun they modify are known as ...

attributive adjectives

2

Adjectives that follow the noun they modify are known as ...

Predicate Adjectives

3

What is the general rule of two-word attributive adjectives?

They are usually hyphenated to prevent misreading.

hot-water faucet

all-out effort

working-class families

4

What are the three exceptions to the rule governing two-word attributive adjectives?

Such adjectives are hyphenated except

  1. when the attib. adj is a common open compound noun
  2. when the first member of the compound adjective is an adverb ending in -ly
  3. the adjective is derived from a foreign phrase

5

  1. income tax refund
  2. income-tax refund

income tax refund

Rule: Do not hyphenate two-word attributive adjectives when they are common open compound nouns.

Use a hyphen only to avoid ambiguity; e.g., end-user manual.

6

high school student

high-school student

high school student

Rule: Do not hyphenate two-word attributive adjectives when they are common open compound nouns.

Use a hyphen only to avoid ambiguity; e.g., end-user manual.