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Flashcards in Parts of Speech Deck (78)
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1

 What is a NOUN?

a word that denotes a PERSON, PLACE, or THING

2

Nouns answer the question...

Who or what?

3

Name the 6 categories of nouns

Concrete or abstract, proper or common, count or mass

4

Name the nouns in this sentence: The clown chased a dog around the ring and then fell flat on her face.

The CLOWN chased a DOG around the RING and then fell flat on her FACE.

5

What is a PRONOUN?

A word that TAKES THE PLACE OF A NOUN in a sentence.

6

Name two ways pronouns function in a sentence.

As SUBJECTS or OBJECTS

7

Name the SUBJECT PRONOUNS

I, you, he, she, it, we, they

8

Name the OBJECT PRONOUNS

me, you, him, her, it, us, them

9

List all the PRONOUNS in this sentence: Later that summer, she asked, "What was I thinking of?"

Later that summer, SHE asked, "What was *I* thinking of?"

10

What is a RELATIVE PRONOUN?

A word that introduces a relative (dependent) clause and connects it to an independent clause

Put another way: a type of pronoun that connects a relative (dependent) clause to an independent clause

Relative pronouns often ADD INFORMATION.

Example: People WHO LIVE IN GLASS HOUSES should not throw stones.

 

11

Name the 5 most common RELATIVE PRONOUNS.

who, whom, what, which, that 

12

A clause that begins with a relative pronoun is poised to answer what kinds of questions?

  • Which one?
  • What kind? 
  • How many?

13

What are ADJECTIVES?

Words that MODIFY nouns or pronouns.

14

Where do adjectives appear in a sentence?

Before NOUNS or after a form of the reflexive verb "to be"

15

Adjective order

  • Determiner – This means an article (a, an, the), a number or amount, a possessive adjective (my, his, her, its, your, our, their), or a demonstrative (this, that, these, those).
  • Observation/Opinion – Beautiful, expensive, gorgeous, broken, delicious, ugly
  • Size – Huge, tiny, 4-foot-tall
  • Shape – Square, circular, oblong
  • Age – 10-year-old, new, antique
  • Color – Black, red, blue-green
  • Origin – Roman, English, Mongolian
  • Material – Silk, silver, plastic, wooden
  • Qualifier – A noun or verb acting as adjective

16

Example of ADJECTIVE ORDER

My beautiful, big, circular, antique, brown, English, wooden coffee table was broken in the move.

17

What is a verb?

A word that denotes an action or state of being.

18

What is a verb phrase?

A phrase consisting of a verb plus a helping verb; e.g., "She was dancing all night."

19

List all the verbs in this sentence: Judy walked slowly through the art gallery and admired the powerful sculptures exhibited there.

WALKED and ADMIRED

20

How do ADVERBS function in a sentence?

They modify, or further describe, a verb, adjective, or another adverb. 

21

What do adjectives and adverbs have in common, and what is the difference between the two?

They both modify or further describe

The difference between the two comes down to the parts of speech that they modify

22

What questions should you ask to identify adverbs?

What? When? Where? Why? How? (The 5 journalism Qs)

How much?

How many?

In what way?

23

List all the adverbs in this sentence:

She looked very pretty in her new dress.

VERY

24

What do CONJUNCTIONS do?

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and independent clauses together.

  • Sarah enjoyed copy editing, so she pursued a career in it.

  • I wanted to make it to the show, but the train was stuck.

25

What are the 3 types of conjunctions?

  • coordinating
  • correlative
  • subordinating

26

What do COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS do?

Coordinating conjunctions join words, phrases, and independent clauses of EQUAL GRAMMATICAL RANK in a sentence. 

Examples: and, but, for, so, or, nor, yet

27

Name six of the most common coordinating conjunctions.

and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet

28

What are CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS?

Conjunctions that work together in pairs in a sentence.

Examples: neither/nor, either/or, both/and, not only/but also

● Not only am I finished studying for English, but I’m also finished writing my history essay.

29

What is a subordinating conjunction?

A conjunction that introduces a dependent clause.

Examples: because, since, as, while, whereas

Sometimes an adverb can function as a subordinating conjunction.

Examples: until, after, before

30

What are prepositions?

Prepositions are a class of words that work with nouns/pronouns and articles to form phrases that modify verbs, nouns/pronouns, and adjectives.

● Sarah ran up the stairs of the house.