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Flashcards in Subject and Predicate Deck (21)
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1

What is a PHRASE?

A unit of one or more words doing the job of a noun, verb, adjective, adverb, etc, in a sentence. (JC)

2

To figure out what each part of a sentence is doing, think of the sentence as a

a SPINE, or, if diagramming, a LINE

3

In sentence diagramming, the horizontal line is

the spine that holds the SUBJECT and PREDICATE

4

What is a SUBJECT?

the WHO or WHAT this is doing the action

5

What is the PREDICATE?

the VERB PART of the sentence

6

Are PREDICATE and VERB interchangeable? 

No, they are not the same thing. The predicate is the part of a sentence that includes the verb and related information.

7

Identify the subject and predicate in 

Mary is a teacher

Mary | is a teacher

8

What is a PHRASE

A collection of words that together serve as a part of speech.

9

What is a noun phrase?

 

a noun with its associated modifiers (adjective, articles)

10

Identify the NOUN PHRASE in

THE SUN HAS BEEN SHINING FOR SEVERAL HOURS

THE SUN

11

Identify the verb phrase in

The sun has been shining for several hours

HAS  BEEN SHINING

12

Identify the prepositional phrase. What role is it playing?

The sun has been shining for several hours

FOR SEVERAL HOURS

adverb

13

Appositives provide

additional information--in terms of grammar, it's information we can live w/o.

appositives usually tell us more about the who or what they modify.

14

Identify the appositive phrase in

Ms Scarlet, known also as the lady in red, committed the murder in the drawing room

KNOWN ALSO AS THE LADY IN RED

15

What do ABSOLUTE PHRASES do?

modify the entire sentence

The singer, HER VOICE HUSKY, gave the song such emotion.

 

16

What does a prepositional phrase consist of?

the preposition and its object--a noun or something standing in for a noun

17

Prepositions serve what function within PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES?

they serve as the LINKING WORD between their object and what's being modified

PREPOSITIONS create a relationship between the object of the preposition and what it's telling us more about. 

18

What is the difference between a PHRASE and a CLAUSE?

  • a PHRASE is a group of words working together to serve a common purpose
  • a CLAUSE has a subject and a predicate—i.e., it encompasses multiple parts of speech!

19

Identify the simple predicate in 

Sharon ate everything in the house

ATE

20

Identify the complete predicate in 

Sharon ate everything in the house

ate everything in the house.

21

Hungry Sharon and Ravenous Rey ate and drank everything in the house.

Identify:

(1) Share and Rey

(2) Hungry Sharon and Ravenous Rey

(1) COMPOUND SUBJECT

(2) COMPLETE SUBJECT