Flashcards in Crisis Intervention-Ch 8,Child Abuse Deck (74)
1874, Mary Ellen was severely beaten by her parents. After denied assistance by the New York Dept of Charities, ________ founder and president of the ____________ took her case to court.
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Following year after Mary Ellen case, the first Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was formed in the US
1974, Congress enacted _______
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act.- Federal resource to support states duty and power to act on behalf of a child when parents are unable or unwilling to do so.
This duty and power arise from the
parens patriae doctrine, which vests in the state a right of guardianship of minors
defined by both federal and state legislation, are acts or failures to act by parents or caretakers which result in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation
Child abuse and neglect
the _____________ defines physical abuse as any act which, regardless of intent, results in a nonaccidental physical injury.
National Foundation for Abuse and Neglected Children.
most frequently occurring type of abuse
most common cause of child abuse related deaths is
Sexual abuse refers to acts committed by a person responsible for the care of the child
parent, babysitter, day car provider, other person responsible for the child
Sexual assault includes sexual acts committed by person who is not responsible for the care of the child
_________refers to use of a minor under the age of 18 for sexual purposes by an older person in any or all three ways:
1. child pornography
2. child prostitution
3. computer solicitation
5 categories of regulated conduct regarding pornography can be decribed
The federal government's primary law involving child prostitution is the
criminalizes the transportation of individual under 18 in interstate or foreign commerce with intent that the individual engage in prostitution or any sexual activity for which any person can be charged with a criminal offense.
second most frequently occurring type of abuse is
emotional abuse- act or omission that causes
1. serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional or mental disorders
_____ is characterized by the failure to provide for the child's basic needs.
professionals and nonprofessionals must reach agreement on definitions of mininmally adequate levels of care for a child's physical, intellectual and emotional development.
one widely accepted conceptual definition that states child neglect is:
a condition in which a caretaker responsible for the child, either deliberately or by extraordinary inattentiveness, permits the child to experience avoidable present suffering and or fails to provide one or more of the ingredients generally deemed essential for developing person's physical, intellectual and emotional capacities.
Neglect can be ____,_____, or ______
physical, educational or emotional
most frequently occuring type of neglect
physical- failure to provide for childs physical survival needs to the extent that there is harm or risk of harm to child's health or safety.
physical neglect can include
refusal of health care
delay in health care
other custody issues
other physical neglect
educational neglect- second most frequently occurring type of neglect.
permitted chronic truancy
failure to enroll
inattention to special education
chronic/extreme abuse or domestic violence
permitted drug/alcohol abuse
permitted other maladaptive behavior
refusal of psychological care
delay in psychological care
other emotional neglect
National Data on Child Abuse and Neglect:
most underreported form of child maltreatment is
Several risk factors for maltreatment
1. single-parent families- 87 percent greater risk of being harmed by physical neglect, 80% risk of serious injury
2. poverty- children from families with annual income below $15,000 were 22 times more likely to experience maltreatment. 18 times more likely to be sexually abused, 56 times more likely to be educationally neglected, 22 times more likely to be seriously injured.
3. sex of victim- girls are 3 times more often than boys, while boys are at greatest risk of emotional neglect and serious injury than girls. Yet all children are consistently more vulnerable to sexual abuse from age 3.
Since the National Incident Study-3, reports containing child abuse and neglect statistics have been released and show a decline from _____ child victims of maltreatment in 1998 to an estimated ______ in 1999.
most common pattern of maltreatment was a child victimized by _______ parent acting alone.
_____ were identified as the perpetrators of sexual abuse
_____ remains the most frequent form of maltreatment.