Flashcards in Crisis Intervention-Ch 6, Intimate Violence and Abuse Deck (34)
who quoted "Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way."
Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoi, Anna Karenina
Intervention in intimate violence occurs in _____,______,_____ and _____ context that the criminal justice agents needs to understand in collaborating with crisis victims to resolve their crises.
psychological,social, political and ideological
who quoted "violence is as American as apple pie"
who defined violence as "violence is broadly construed to include injury, or threat of injury inflicted by one or more people on human beings, other species, the natural environment, or property.
Gottesman, editor of an encyclopedia
A narrower definition is provided by ____ ____, leading expert on family violence. "violence as an act carried out with intention or perceived intention of causing physical pain or injury to another person.
McCloskey suggests that some fathers suffer from a ____ ____, in which they abuse their children to injure their wives.
In many cases the effects of _____or ____ abuse are more distrubing than the effects of physical abuse.
psychological or emotional
primary harm in stalking and sexual harassment is
psychological rather than physical
Buenker notes that violence is often approved of as "the only feasible means to a higher good, as the only language understood by adversaries or as the court of last resort
Defining intimate violence:
when violence has a fatal outcome, the results may be termed
1. infanticide- killing of infant child
2. parricide- killing one's mom or dad
3. patricide- killing one's father
4. matricide- killing one's mother
5. fratricide- killing one's sibling
____ ____ violence includes violent actions against a spouse, ex-spouse or sexual partner with whom one resides or resided.
intimate partner violence
repeated use of physical force against a partner.
____ rape is another form of intimate partner violence.
defined by ___, "unwanted sexual contact accomplished by force, intimidation or coercion that results in vaginal, anal or oral sexual intercourse or penetration of a womans body.
Copeland and Wolfe argue that violence against women is a ________ crime.
hatred against women is
An understanding of violence as _____ _____ is important to accurate assessment of individual in crisis
The concept of violence against women gained official stature with the passage of the
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT BY THE US CONGRESS IN 1995
who enacted the first law anywhere in the world against wife beating and unnatural severity to children.
from 1640 to 1680 the Puritans of colonial Massachusetts
______ suggests that human violence arises from evolutionary causes. Humans compete with one another for opportunities for reproduction and thus insure the conservation of their contribution to the genetic pool of the species, a concept called ___ ____
Notion of someone going berserk or acting in a blind rage typifies this view of violence as ____ ___
expressive behavior- expression of internal feelings of anger, rage or hate
to commit violence to achieve a goal would be
instrumental nature of much violence has at least two implications that ar important for practitioners to understand.
1. if violence is instrumental, then it can be controlled or pervented by increasing the costs of doing violence.
2. violence is not cathartic- if instrumental violence achieves a goal, it is reinforced.
Buenker suggests several characteristics of American society that help to explain its level of violence.
1. nationss persisting frontier experience
2. revolutionary national birth
3. celebration of individualism
5. social and spatial mobility
African Americans, particularly young men, are at particularly high risk of violent offending and victimization. Sampson and Wilson have identified several reasons for racial differences in offending"
Regardless of the target or location of violent behavior, such behavior seems to vary according to ____,____ and _____.
seriousness-likelihood that behavior will cause harm.
chronicity-extent to which the behavior is chronic, that is, occurs repeatedly over time instead of only once or on few occasions.
frequency-how often a behavior occurs in a given, limited time period.
______ is the study of population characteristics, such as age, sex, race and income.
demography--"demos" is Greek for people
Demographics of violence, three things should be kept in mind
1. violence is not confined to any group
2. offending and victimization do not occur with the same frequency in different groups
3. vast majority of people in any minority group are not frequent or serious violent offenders
An exception to this generalization involves intimate partner homicide with white females as the victim. white females suffer higher rates of intimate partner homicide than black females or males of either race.