Flashcards in Deck 6 Deck (30)
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
original cell before cell division
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chromatin
Folding up of the chromosomes prevents transcription
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same structure
An alternative form of a gene.
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes.
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
Any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells.
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
a reproductive cell
Specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
tumor suppressor gene
a gene that codes for regulator proteins that prevent the cell from undergoing uncontrolled division
Genes that encourage cell division.
A rare change in the DNA of a gene, ultimately creating genetic diversity.
A chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and causes a mutation.
Cancer causing mutagen.
one of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell divides
Chromatin condenses into chromosomes
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell
the final stage of meiosis when the chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle