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Flashcards in Differential Reinforcement Deck (33):
1

Differential reinforcement procedures involve...

applying reinforcement and extinction to increase desirable and decrease undesirable behaviour

2

Name the three types of differential reinforcement

1. Diff reinf't of alternative behaviour (DRA)

2. Diff renif't of other behaviours (DRO)

3. Diff reinf't of low rates of behaviour (DRL)

3

Define DRA

Combines contingent reinf't of appropriate behaviour and extinguishing of undesirable one

4

DRA tips: Determine the ____ of behaviour so you know what reinforcer to use

function

5

DRA tips: Reinforce...

each instance of alternative behaviour immediately & consistently

6

DRA tips: Ensure alternative behaviour is...

as (or easier) easy to complete than problem behaviour

7

DRA tips: Clearly define...

alternative and undesirable behaviours

8

DRA tips: A good choice of reinforcer would be...

whatever is currently maintaining problem behaviour

9

DRA tips: Once alternative behaviour occurs consistently...

start thinning reinf't schedule

10

DRA tips: Program for...

generalisation

11

Variations: Can also be used with ____ ____ (DNRA)

negative reinfocement

12

When using DRA, remember the person may not...

know how to perform desirable behaviour, in which case teaching (using shaping) may be necessary

13

Variations: Differential reinf't of ____ ____ (DRI)

incompatible behaviour (can't occur at same time as problem behaviour)

14

Variations: Differential reinf't of ____ (DRC)

Communication (teaches individual to make communication that is functionally equivalent)

15

DRC is also known as...

Functional communication training

16

Define DRO

Contingent reinforcement of absence of undesirable behaviour. Uses extinction if problem behaviour occurs

17

What does IRT refer to?

Inter-response time. The time between the end of one response and onset of another

18

DRO tips: Identify the...

function of the behaviour so you know what reinforcer to use

19

DRO tips: Consider ____ ____ ____ when setting the initial DRO interval

inter-response time (IRT)

20

DRO is a good strategy to use if the individual is unlikely... Also good if...

to replace his/her behaviour with another problem behaviour; an alternative behaviour would be difficult for the person to do

21

Schedule thinning is achieved within DRO by

gradually increasing the length of intervals

22

If behaviour occurs frequently, intervals must be

shorter

23

What are the two types of DRO?

Whole interval (reinforcer = absent for whole) or momentary (reinforcer = absent at end)

24

When would momentary DRO be used?

In behaviour maintenance

25

Define DRL

Procedure in which behaviour is reinforced if it occurs at a rate that is less than a set criteria

26

When is DRL used?

When the behaviour is appropriate and desirable but occurs too much

27

What are the two types of DRL?

Full session DRL; Spaced-responding DRL

28

What is full session DRL?

Behaviour is reinforced if it occurs less than the specified amount of times during a session

29

What is spaced-responding DRL?

Behaviour is reinforced if an interval of time passes between responses

30

In DRL, when is the reinforcer delivered?

Immediately after the behaviour occurs (provided criteria is obeyed)

31

DRL tips: Identify the _____ __ _____ to know what reinforcer to use

function of behaviour

32

How can you help the client remember the DRL schedule?

Provide stimuli such as stopwatches, response markers etc.

33

DRL tips: When setting the DRL schedule, consider...

the current level of responding