Observing and Recording Behaviour Flashcards Preview

Challenging Behaviour Year 2 > Observing and Recording Behaviour > Flashcards

Flashcards in Observing and Recording Behaviour Deck (23):
0

In order to change behaviour we must specify...

Which environmental/other factories are responsible for its emission

1

Operation definition:

Definition of behaviour written in specific, observable terms

2

A good operational definition is... (3 answers)

Definition is clear, complete and objective

3

What makes a good operational definition? (3 answers)

Clearly describe what behaviour looks like

Use action verbs

Refrain from using labels

4

Once we know what we're looking for,

We need strategies for collecting data

5

The time used to a serve behaviour is called

The observation period

6

The time sample needs to be ____ of behaviour

Representative

7

If a behaviour occurs frequently, the observation period can be ____

Shorter

8

What are repeated measures?

Multiple observations of the behaviour ensuring a more representative sample of target behaviour

9

Observations of behaviour can take place in natural or contrived settings. Define each

Natural - the environment in which a person would usually emit the behaviour

Contrived - a setting designed specifically for observation e.g. a clinicians room

10

What is reactivity?

A change in behaviour as a result of being observed

11

Reactivity can be reduced by making observations as ____ as possible

Unobtrusive

12

Reactivity can be reduced by being ____ in the ____ over time so people are used to you

Present; environment

13

Videotaping is a good way of reducing ____, provided the cameras themselves are not obvious

Reactivity

14

A change in behaviour as a result of being observed is known as

Reactivity

15

Why is measuring behaviour important (3 answers)

1) Gain info whether treatment is necessary

2) Can choose best treatment

3) Can determine whether treatment had an effect on behaviour

16

What is indirect assessment?

Uses interviews, questionnaires and rating scales on target behaviour from the individual or others in his environment e.g. Family, staff

17

What is direct assessment?

A person observes and records target behaviour as it occurs

18

Give a disadvantage of using indirect assessment

Dependent upon memory, which can be unreliable

19

Give an ad tangle to using direct assessment

More accurate as observers are trained to observe the behaviour

20

Observations can be structured or unstructured. What is the difference?

Structured - certain events/activities are set to occur

Unstructured - no specific instructions given during this period

21

What is observer drift?

When an observer develops their own private definition of behaviour

22

Bandwidth refers to (think data points on graph)

The minimum and maximum frequency of behaviour during baseline phase