Flashcards in Extinction and Punishment Deck (39):
How does extinction work?
Because most bad behaviours are performed for a reinforcer
How do you extinguish attention-maintained behaviours?
Ignore the behaviour
How do you extinguish escape-maintained behaviour?
Do not allow avoidance/escape - re-present the aversive stimulus
How do you extinguish behaviours reinforced by tangibles?
Withhold the item
How do you extinguish sensory-maintained behaviours?
Block sensory stimulation
Extinction should always be used in conjunction with
Using extinction without reinf't procedures could result in the client seeing you as an...
Extinction tips: Identify the reinforce using an...
Extinction tips: Ask yourself "Do I have ____ over the ____?"
When should extinction NEVER be used?
When behaviours are dangerous
Extinction tips: Ask yourself "Will I be able to handle an ____ ____?"
When using extinction, plan for ____ ____. Make sure an ____ of behaviour will be manageable.
extinction burst; escalation
If the person is able to comprehend, you should explain...
the extinction contingency
Give two instances where punish't is necessary
1) Where behaviours are dangerous and must be stopped immediately. 2) When other procedures have been implemented with integrity but not worked
If we think there is no alternative, the ____ ____ punish't procedure should be used
Give two examples of negative punish't
Time out; Response cost
Define time out
Procedure where individual is removed from a reinforcing environment contingent on behaviour
What must be determined before implementing a time out procedure?
The function of behaviour. If it's escape maintained time out will not work
Time out will not work if time-in...
is not reinforcing
Before a child is sent to time-out you should explain...
the rules for getting out of time-out e.g. sitting down for two minutes
When a child is sent to time-out, you should not...
talk to the child or give any more attention than is necessary
How long should time-outs last?
As short as is possible while still being effective
A child should be released from time-out when...
s/he has followed the time-out rules for the required period
Give a drawback to time-out
Time spent in time-out is time away from teaching or other activities they must complete
Define response cost
Procedure in which a specified number of preferred stimuli are removed contingent on bad behaviour
What are the two types of time out?
Exclusionary and non-exclusionary
Response cost removal procedures should be ____ and ____
In order for response cost to work the stimulus being removed must be...
important to the person and easily removed
What does "buy-back" refer to?
Allowing individuals to redeem the removed stimulus
Define positive practice
Overcorrection procedure in which the person performs appropriate behaviour several times contingent on problem behaviour
Procedure in which a person corrects the damage their behaviour causes the environment
Give one advantage to using punish't
Usually works pretty quickly
Punish't cons: Negatively reinforces...
Punish't cons: Effects are usually...
Punish't cons: Using punish't alone...
doesn't teach appropriate behaviours
Punish't cons: Procedures often ____ by others
Punish't cons: Can produce unwanted...
What should you personally do before considering implementing punish't procedures?
Experience it yourself