Extinction and Punishment Flashcards Preview

Challenging Behaviour Year 2 > Extinction and Punishment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Extinction and Punishment Deck (39):
1

How does extinction work?

Because most bad behaviours are performed for a reinforcer

2

How do you extinguish attention-maintained behaviours?

Ignore the behaviour

3

How do you extinguish escape-maintained behaviour?

Do not allow avoidance/escape - re-present the aversive stimulus

4

How do you extinguish behaviours reinforced by tangibles?

Withhold the item

5

How do you extinguish sensory-maintained behaviours?

Block sensory stimulation

6

Extinction should always be used in conjunction with

Reinf't

7

Using extinction without reinf't procedures could result in the client seeing you as an...

S delta

8

Extinction tips: Identify the reinforce using an...

FBA

9

Extinction tips: Ask yourself "Do I have ____ over the ____?"

control; reinforcer

10

When should extinction NEVER be used?

When behaviours are dangerous

11

Extinction tips: Ask yourself "Will I be able to handle an ____ ____?"

extinction burst

12

When using extinction, plan for ____ ____. Make sure an ____ of behaviour will be manageable.

extinction burst; escalation

13

If the person is able to comprehend, you should explain...

the extinction contingency

14

Give two instances where punish't is necessary

1) Where behaviours are dangerous and must be stopped immediately. 2) When other procedures have been implemented with integrity but not worked

15

If we think there is no alternative, the ____ ____ punish't procedure should be used

least restrictiive

16

Give two examples of negative punish't

Time out; Response cost

17

Define time out

Procedure where individual is removed from a reinforcing environment contingent on behaviour

18

What must be determined before implementing a time out procedure?

The function of behaviour. If it's escape maintained time out will not work

19

Time out will not work if time-in...

is not reinforcing

20

Before a child is sent to time-out you should explain...

the rules for getting out of time-out e.g. sitting down for two minutes

21

When a child is sent to time-out, you should not...

talk to the child or give any more attention than is necessary

22

How long should time-outs last?

As short as is possible while still being effective

23

A child should be released from time-out when...

s/he has followed the time-out rules for the required period

24

Give a drawback to time-out

Time spent in time-out is time away from teaching or other activities they must complete

25

Define response cost

Procedure in which a specified number of preferred stimuli are removed contingent on bad behaviour

26

What are the two types of time out?

Exclusionary and non-exclusionary

27

Response cost removal procedures should be ____ and ____

fair; consistent

28

In order for response cost to work the stimulus being removed must be...

important to the person and easily removed

29

What does "buy-back" refer to?

Allowing individuals to redeem the removed stimulus

30

Define positive practice

Overcorrection procedure in which the person performs appropriate behaviour several times contingent on problem behaviour

31

Define restitution

Procedure in which a person corrects the damage their behaviour causes the environment

32

Give one advantage to using punish't

Usually works pretty quickly

33

Punish't cons: Negatively reinforces...

the punisher

34

Punish't cons: Effects are usually...

temporary

35

Punish't cons: Using punish't alone...

doesn't teach appropriate behaviours

36

Punish't cons: Procedures often ____ by others

imitated

37

Punish't cons: Can produce unwanted...

side effects

38

What should you personally do before considering implementing punish't procedures?

Experience it yourself

39

Make sure punish't procedures are conducted...

under supervision