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Challenging Behaviour Year 2 > Experimental Functional Analysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Experimental Functional Analysis Deck (28):
1

Define experimental functional analysis

The use of specific methods to test a hypothesis about the variables that cause/maintain behaviour

2

How is EFA different to informant assessment and descriptive assessment?

EFA involves manipulation of antecedents/consequences to witness the effect on behaviour

3

We test how consequences affect behaviour by...

systematically manipulating the various reinforcers for behaviour

4

EFA is conducted in...

an analogue setting

5

Define analogue setting

Contrived - not in the natural environment

6

Situation in which brief social attention is given each time behaviour occurs

Contingent attention condition

7

What form does contingent attention usually take?

Mild social disapproval

8

If informant/descriptive assessments suggest tangible reinforcers maintain behaviour we test by

Present preferred tangible items contingent on problem behaviour

9

Situation in which person is asked to perform task, which is removed each time behaviour occurs

Demand (Contingent escape) condition

10

How long is the task generally removed during the demand condition?

About 30 seconds

11

If people don't respond during demand condition...

enter into 3 step prompt procedure

12

Situation in which the person is left with no external sources of stimulation

Alone

13

The alone condition tests for...

sensory stimulation (automatic reinf't)

14

Contingent attention condition:

Situation in which brief social attention is given each time behaviour occurs

15

Contingent escape (demand) condition:

Situation in which person is asked to perform task, which is removed each time behaviour occurs

16

Alone condition:

Situation in which the person is left with no external sources of stimulation

17

Control condition:

Situation in which the person has access to all non-contingent attention and tangibles and no demand is presented.

18

What is the problem with testing the alone condition?

Potentially VERY DANGEROUS to leave a person exhibiting some automatically reinforced behaviours alone!

19

What rate of responding would you expect during the control condition if something in the environment is maintaining the behaviour?

Low (if at all)

20

How are results recorded for EFAs?

Data is collected in each conditioning showing the freq of behaviour. Graphs are then made to show patterns of behaviour

21

How do we test which antecedents cause behaviour?

Using previous assessment results we manipulate the antecedents we think cause behaviour

22

Give four antecedents that could be tested

Presence/absence of person; task difficulty; time of day; type of activity

23

Give an advantage to using experimental analyses

Gives best information about behaviour due to experimental methods

24

Give a limitation to using experimental analyses

Resource constraints: time consuming and requires qualification

25

When can you implement interventions?

AFTER you have conducted an FBA and understand antecedents, consequences and possible replacement behaviours

26

Freq of behaviour under each test condition should be compared...

against control condition

27

Generally sessions should be ____ in length

10 minutes

28

Before starting each session you should clearly specify...

a termination point