Flashcards in Habit Disorders Deck (20):
Define Habit Disorders
Habits of such intensity that they cause personal harm or significant social problems for a person
Four components of habit reversal:
awareness training; competing responses training; social support; motivation procedures
What is awareness training?
Teaching the individual to recognise when a habit is occuring
What is the first step in awareness training?
Working with the client to operationally define the behaviour
What is the second step in awareness training?
teach the person to identify the onset of the behaviour (or when it is about to happen)
For the person to identify habits it may be necessary to help them understand the ____ that precede behaviour or point out behaviour's ____
Competing response training teaches clients...
behaviours that are incompatible with the problem behaviour
A behaviour that is incompatible with the response training is called...
a competing response
First the competing response is practised for ___ - __ minutes after each occurrence of ____ ____
1-3 minutes; problem behaviour
Try to make the competing response ____ to others. Ask clients to imagine situations...
unnoticeable; in which s/he is likely to use the competing response
Finally, following competing response training the client is instructed...
to use the response whenever the habit occurs (or is about to)
Social support is necessary because...
individuals may not realise when they're engaging in the behaviour
Helping the client identify when a habit is occurring and prompting competing responses are part of which component?
What component deals with providing motivation for behavioural change?
Motivation strat: Asking the client to identify situations...
where the behaviour has embarrassed or inconvenienced them previously
Motivation strat: Ask the client how their lives...
would be different if they didn't engage in the behaviour
Motivation strat: Use _____ reinforcement from others
Awareness training is tied to the principle of
Competing responses are tied to the basic principles of... (2 answers)
- DRA (reinf't of alternative)
- Punish't (in the form of over-correction)