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Flashcards in Docklands Deck (18):
1

Where are the docklands

Souteast England, along the Thames, formerly port of London

2

When was the peak year, and how many tons of cargo was handled

1961, 60 million

3

How many people were employed in 1961

100,00 people

4

What lead to the decline of the Docklands ( 2 )

1/ Containerisation meant the docks couldn't be manage the size of the cargo loads.
2/ Good could be traveled faster by air travel

5

What were the results of the decline ( 4 )

1/ 20,000 jobs lost
2/ In 1981, 60% of the land was derelict, vacant or under-used
3/ The population of the docklands fell by 20% between 1971 and 1981
4/ The unemployment rate of Docklands in 1981 was 17.8%

6

Who wee the stake holders in the London docklands regeneration ( 5 )

1/ the LDDC (london dockland development corporation)
2/ National government
3/ Property developers
4/ Conservation ground
5/ Dock workers

7

What have the national government done to regenerate the docklands

Created the isle of dogs enterprise zone in 1982 - offering incentives such as grants, reduced rates to encourages business to locate here

8

What have property managers done to regenerate the docklands

Responsible for building large office blocks

9

What are the LDDCs 4 aims

1/ Ensure housing is available to all
2/ Attract business and investment and encourage the development of industry
3/ Bring land and business back into use
4/ Create an attractive environment

10

What are the social improvements ( 2 )

1/ Housing
2/ Services

11

What are the economic improvements ( 2 )

1/ Employment
2/ Transport

12

What are the environmental improvements ( 3 specific )

1/ 750 hectares of derelict land reclaimed
2/ 200000 trees planted
3/ 130 hectares of open space created

13

What housing improvements have been made ( 2 )

1/ 22000 new homes created (mainly old warehouses now luxury flats)
2/ 10000 refurbished former terraced houses

14

What service improvements have been made ( 3 )

1/ Several new huge shopping malls opened
2/ part - 16 college and campus for new university
3/ Leisure facilities: water-sports marina, indoor sports centre

15

What are the employment improvements ( 2 )

1/ number of jobs increased from 2700 in 1981, to 90000 in 2000
2/ May new firms and financial institutes located here

16

What are the transport improvements ( 4 )

1/ Docklands light railway links with central London
2/ jubilee line underground extension
3/ City airport
4/ Many new roads including M11 link

17

Explain why local people didn't benefit ( 6 )

1/ jobs went to people living outside the area as they had more suited skills than them
2/ A lot of the new housing is too expensive for the locals
3/ More money spent on infrastructure than services for existing people
4/ Noise pollution and air pollution
5/ Prices in the area raised
6/ Newcomers did not mix with locals, creating tension

18

What is the process that occurred as a result of the regeneration

gentrification