Caatinga to Rio de Janeiro Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Caatinga to Rio de Janeiro Deck (14):

Where are caatinga and Rio de Janeiro



Explain the problem of population in Rio De Janeiro

There are 6 million people and it is over crowded


Explain the problem of population in Rio De Janeiro

there is not enough housing and over 2,1/2 million people living in inadequate housing. Favelas have been built without basic sanitation and are prone to natural disasters


Explain the problem of crime in Rio

Rio and the favelas have a reputation for being fie with drugs and crime


Explain the problem of traffic in Rio

Due to the city being closed in by the mountains, traffic has very few paths to take and so there is often severe traffic


Explain the problem of pollution in Rio

There is a haze of air pollution which is added to by traffic


Explain the problem of work in Rio

Many people work in the informal sector - they earn money doing work illegally. This pays no tax into the local economy so the authorities have less money to improve the area


What are the 3 solutions to the problems

1/ Self help housing schemes - Rocinha
2/ The local authority Favela Bairro project
3/ The new town of Barra da Tijuca


Explain the solution of self-help schemes - Rocinha

Residents have upgraded thei rfavela into a small city, using bricks and metals. They have also introduced public areas and basic water supplies, even satellite TV


Explain the solution of the Favela Bairro project

£200 million was set aside to regenerate 10% of Rios favelas, chosen for their low crime rate and locality to tourist areas. The proposal includes; building better sturdy buildings, wider roads for emergency services, improving sanitation and layering water pipes


Explain the solution of the new towen of Barra de Tijuca

to find more space, some more wealthier people have moved 20km up the coast. Many shops and amenities have sprung up, although some favelas have also sprung up


What are the impacts to Catinga ( 5 )

1/ Most people who leave are young males because they find it easier
2/ More educated people leave so less skills in Catinga
3/ Some in Catinga benefit from money sent home
4/ Lack of workers means farms struggle to do work, standard of living may fall
5/ fewer people means that some business will fail, resulting in unemployment


What are the pull factors of Rio

1/ More employment opportunities
2/ Better services (schools and hospitals)
3/ More entertainment


What are the push factors of Catinga

1/ Life in the village of Catinga can be difficult
2/ Water bourne diseases affect the people
3/ Medical services are a while away
4/ Long hours, low pay in agriculture
5/ Access to schools can be difficult so literacy rates tend to be lower.