What organism causes reproductive problems but does not cause Abortion?
True/False: Taylorella causes abortion
What does Taylorella cause?
infertility and failure to concieve
What bacteria causes reproductive tract and gastrointestinal problems?
What two organisms will you find Cytolethal distending toxin?
Helicobacter and Campylobacter
What are the two phases of Chlamydia and what are their characteristics?
Elementary body- infective and metabolically inactive
Reticulate body- metabolically active and replicates
*When elementary bodies get inside a cell it becomes a reticulate body. The reticulate body is metabolically active and reproduces and evetually transforms again into a series of elementary bodies that are released from the host cell and are free to infect other cells
What species of Lawsonia is an obligate intracellular organism?
True/False: Chlamydia is obligate intracellular
Where does Helicobacter colonize in the Host?
*It is a gastric pathogen
What does Helicobacter produce that allows for survival in the stomach?
*Urease neutralizes the acid in the stomach by producing ammonia
You have a dog that has a really nasty skin infection or ear infection. You do a gram stain and see a lot of white blood cells. You also see cocci and rods. What organisms come to mind if:
1. The gram stain shows gram positive cocci
2. You see gram negative rods
3. If you see gram negative and gram positive cocci and rods
1. If you see cocci you should be thinking either Staph or Strep
2. Pseudomonas or E. coli if you see gram negative rods
3. All these organisms are possiblities if gram negative and gram positive
*If you see rods, they are most likely gram negative because there are not many gram positive rods that you will see in an aerobic situation. When you see gram negative rods in a skin or ear setting Pseudomonas and E. coli should be the first organisms to come to mind. If there is only gram positive cocci, then pseudomonas and E. coli will not be the causative agent.
What disease does Taylorella cause in horses?
Contagious equine metritis
What organism causes recurrent uveitis in horses?
What is the main organism of Leptospira that we talked about?
What bacteria can cause eye issues in a cow?
What is the terminology for the eye infection that Moraxella causes in cows?
Infectious bovine Kertiocongunctivitis
What is the most common species of Mycoplasma that we see in horses?
What is the most common species of Mycoplasma that we see in cats?
What species causes Kennel cough?
What is the technical term for kennel cough?
Infectious canine Tracheobronchitis
What bacteria causes the disease Tularemia?
Francisella is usually vector borne by which tick species?
Dermacenter and Amblyomma
What is the tick borne disease that Borrellia Burgdorferi causes?
Which species of tick is the Vector for Borrellia?
Is Lyme disease reportable?
Not in veterinary medicine
only reportable in humans
What is the main Hemotrophic Mycoplamsa species that we discussed?
What does Mycoplasma Hemoefelis cause in cats?
Feline infectious anemia
True/False: Mycoplasma Hemoefelis causes disease in horses
It does not cause disease in horses
Mycoplasma Felis can cause disease in what species?
Cats and horses
What bacteria causes Swine Dysentery?
What is the main characteristic of dysentery?
What does Lawsonia Intracellularis cause in swine?
Porcine Proliferative Enteritis
Do you normally see bloody diarrhea associated with Lawsonia?
What toxin is associated with Atrophic Rhinitis?
What bacteria produces the Derma-necrotic toxin that is associated with Atrophic Rhinitis?
Does Pasteurella produce a toxin associated with atrophic rhinitis?
Where does Brucella like to multiply?
Is Brucella reportable?
Is Brucella zoonotic?
Does Brucella cause abortion? If so, what species does it cause abortion in?
causes abortion in cows and dogs
Is Brucella a problem in the United States?
What wild animals transmit Brucella in the U.S?
What Bacteria that we have talked about can lead to abortion in animals?
What bacteria causes Glanders?
What bacteria causes Pseudoglanders?
What bacteria causes Farcy?
(Farcy = cutaneous Glanders)
What other organism is associated with Moraxella Bovis in eye infections in the Cow?
What bacteria causes Turkey Coryza?
What bacteria causes Fowl Spirochetosis?
What bacteria causes syphilis in rabbits?
What species causes human syphilis and which species causes rabbit syphilis?
Human- Treponema Paladum
Rabbit- Treponema Paraluiscuniculi
Which Chlamydia species are Reportable?
What Chlaymdia species are zoonotic?
Is Chlamydia Trichomatis zoonotic?
it is the human Chlamydia and is not reported in animals
What Toxins are associated with Pseudomonas?
Exotoxin A- Inhibits protein synthesis
Exotoxin S and T- Interfere with phagocytosis
Exotoxin U- Cytotoxic effect
ExotoxinY- Increases intracellular cAMP
What toxins are associated with Bordetella and what are their characteristics?
(There are 5 of them)
Tracheal cytotoxin- Damage ciliated epithelial cells
Dermonecrotic toxin- associated with atrophic rhinitis, destruction of turbinates
Adenylyl cyclase toxin- results in a lot of fluid loss
Pertussis toxin- Only active in B. pertussis, fluid loss
Osteotoxin- lethal to tracheal and bone cells
Is contagious bovine pleuropneumonia or contagious caprine pleuropneumonia reportable in the USA?
What species of Mycoplasma causes Contagious bovine Pleuropneumonia?
Mycoplasma mycoides ssp. mycoides- SMALL colony variant
What mycoplasma species causes Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia?
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae
What do the Large colony variants of Mycoplasma mycoides ssp. mycoides cause?
mastitis, pneumonia, fatal septicemia in SHEEP